Now showing items 21-40 of 42

  • Giving to Africa and Perceptions of Poverty 

    Etang, Alvin; Fielding, David; Knowles, Stephen
    We conduct a simple experiment in which student participants are invited to give some of the money that they have earned to an international development charity. In different treatments, participants are given different ...
  • Health Aid and Governance in Developing Countries 

    Fielding, David
    Despite anecdotal evidence that the quality of governance in recipient countries affects the allocation of international health aid, there is no quantitative evidence on the magnitude of this effect, or on which dimensions ...
  • Health Shocks and Child Time Allocation Decisions by Households: Evidence from Ethiopia 

    Dinku, Yonatan; Fielding, David; Genc, Murat
    Little is currently known about the effects of shocks to parental health on the allocation of children’s time between alternative activities. Using longitudinal data from the Ethiopian Young Lives surveys of 2006 and 2009, ...
  • Health, wealth, fertility, education and inequality 

    Fielding, David; Torres, Sebastian
    This paper uses a new cross-country dataset to estimate the strength of the links between different dimensions of social and economic development, including indicators of health, fertility and education as well as material ...
  • How Much Does Women’s Empowerment Influence their Wellbeing? Evidence from Africa 

    Fielding, David
    One of the eight Millennium Development Goals is to ‘promote gender equality and empower women.’ However, only 1% of official foreign aid is currently spent on gender equality and human rights. Using individual-level survey ...
  • The impact of climate change on crop production in Ghana: A Structural Ricardian analysis 

    Etwire, Prince M.; Fielding, David; Kahui, Victoria
    We apply a Structural Ricardian Model (SRM) to farm-level data from Ghana in order to estimate the impact of climate change on crop production. The SRM explicitly incorporates changes in farmers’ crop selection in response ...
  • In Search of Competitive Givers 

    Fielding, David; Knowles, Stephen; Peeters, Ronald
    Much of the theoretical and experimental research on charitable giving allows for three main types of donor: pure altruists, impure altruists, and pure warm-glow givers. For none of these types should donations be increasing ...
  • Inertia and Herding in Humanitarian Aid Decisions 

    Fielding, David
    Using panel data for the period 1995-2008, we model the aid allocation decisions of the three largest official donors of humanitarian aid: the United States government, the United Kingdom government and the European ...
  • Inflation Volatility and Economic Development: Evidence from Nigeria 

    Fielding, David
    We use monthly time-series data on the prices of 96 individual products in the 37 states of Nigeria to analyze the factors that drive inflation volatility. Among the significant determinants of volatility are average ...
  • Information, Institutions and Banking Sector Development in West Africa 

    Demetriades, Panicos; Fielding, David
    Using a new panel dataset for banks in eight West African countries, we explore the factors that exacerbate or alleviate excess liquidity, and the factors that promote or retard the rate of growth of banks’ assets. Loan ...
  • Mapping Medieval and Modern Chauvinism in England 

    Fielding, David
    There is evidence for the long-run persistence of geographical variation in tolerance towards other ethnicities. However, existing studies of tolerance use data from countries with long-standing patterns of ethnic diversity, ...
  • Measuring aid effectively in tests of aid effectiveness 

    Fielding, David; Knowles, Stephen
    In the extensive empirical literature on aid effectiveness, aid is always measured as a share of GDP. However, measuring aid in real dollars per capita is also consistent with standard growth theory. We show that the choice ...
  • Monopoly Power in the Eighteenth Century British Book Trade 

    Fielding, David; Rogers, Shef
    In conventional wisdom, the reform of British copyright law during the eighteenth century brought an end to the monopoly on the sale of books held by the Stationers’ Company, and the resulting competition was one of the ...
  • New Zealand: The Last Bastion of Textbook Open-economy Macroeconomics 

    Fielding, David
    Recent empirical research into the macroeconomic effects of fiscal policy shocks has generated a ‘puzzle’. Both Keynesian and Real Business Cycle models predict that a fiscal expansion will lead to a real exchange rate ...
  • Regional asymmetries in the impact of monetary policy shocks on prices: Evidence from US cities 

    Fielding, David; Shields, Kalvinder
    Deviations from the Law of One Price across US cities are smaller than corresponding international deviations, but nevertheless substantial. We find that a proportion of these deviations can be explained by asymmetric ...
  • Survey Trust, Experimental Trust and ROSCA Membership in Rural Cameroon 

    Etang, Alvin; Fielding, David; Knowles, Stephen
    Broadly speaking, economic experiments and surveys have found trust to be much lower in Africa than in industrialized countries. We analyze new experimental and survey results from rural Cameroon, where the average level ...
  • Understanding the Etiology of Electoral Violence: The Case of Zimbabwe 

    Fielding, David
    Recent theoretical and empirical work indicates that incumbent governments are likely to attempt to influence election outcomes by violent means (rather than by bribery and fraud) when their level of popular support is ...
  • The volatility of aid 

    Fielding, David; Mavrotas, George
    Issues related to the volatility of aid flows are now becoming crucial in view of their relevance to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. The paper examines aid volatility using data for 66 aid recipients ...
  • What causes changes in opinion about the Israeli-Palestinian peace process? 

    Fielding, David; Penny, Madeline
    In this paper we present a statistical analysis of the factors that drive monthly variations in the aggregate level of support among Israeli Jews for the Oslo Peace Process. Attitudes depend on both the state of the Israeli ...
  • What Explains Changes in the Level of Abuse Against Civilians during the Peruvian Civil War? 

    Fielding, David; Shortland, Anja
    Using a new monthly time-series data set, we explore the factors associated with variations in the number of civilians killed or wounded by participants in the civil war in Peru during the 1980s and 1990s. We find that an ...