Now showing items 1-20 of 21

  • Ambivalence about community treatment orders 

    Dawson, John; Romans, Sarah; Gibbs, Anita; Ratter, Nikki
    The trend to endorse the use of outpatient commitment, or community treatment orders (CommTOs) (the terms are equivalent), seems to be gathering momentum. There is now some empirical evidence and a significant body of ...
  • The Australasian Approach to Defining Mental Disorder in a Mental Health Act 

    Dawson, John
    How should the mental element be defined in the legal standards governing a person’s ‘sectioning’ or civil commitment under the Mental Health Act (MHA)? This article considers how this mental element is defined in many ...
  • Best Practices in Use of Involuntary Outpatient Treatment 

    Dawson, John; O’Reilly, Richard; Burns, Tom
    Involuntary outpatient treatment (IOT) is used as a tool to promote stability among people with psychotic disorders. The authors drew on quantitative research surveys, qualitative studies, and official guidelines to describe ...
  • Community Treatment Order Legislation in the Commonwealth 

    Dawson, John
    This chapter provides a general account of the legislation that governs the use of community treatment orders (CTOs) in the UK, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand – countries that share the common law tradition due to their ...
  • Community Treatment Orders 

    Dawson, John
    Community Treatment Orders (CTOs), made in Canada under the authority of provincial mental health legislation, are the major legal product of the transition in psychiatric services from hospital- to community-based care. ...
  • Community Treatment Orders for People with Serious Mental Illness: A New Zealand Study 

    Gibbs, Anita; Dawson, John; Mullen, Richard
    New Zealand legislation allows for the involuntary outpatient treatment of people with serious mental illness. This study examines the views of service users, family members and mental health professionals (MHPs) about the ...
  • Community Treatment Orders: International Comparisons 

    Dawson, John
    This article is a comparative study of the law in several jurisdictions concerning involuntary outpatient psychiatric treatment, particularly legislation that governs the use of Community Treatment Orders (CTOs). The author ...
  • The Complex Meaning of Mental Disorder 

    Dawson, John
    The Mental Health (Compulsory Assessment and Treatment) Act 1992 (MHA) (NZ) provides the legal criteria governing compulsory psychiatric treatment in New Zealand. This article considers the structure and meaning of the ...
  • Compulsory Outpatient Treatment and the Calculus of Human Rights 

    Dawson, John
    This article considers whether it is a breach of human rights principles to treat patients involuntarily under a community treatment order (CTO) regime who do not pose an imminent threat of serious harm to themselves or ...
  • Concepts of Liberty in Mental Health Law 

    Dawson, John
    This article is based on John Dawson’s inaugural professorial lecture at the University of Otago, on September 6, 2007. It concerns how we should think about the personal liberty, or freedom, of people with serious mental ...
  • Dilemmas for clinicians in use of Community Treatment Orders 

    Mullen, Richard; Dawson, John; Gibbs, Anita
    Clinicians who treat patients using Community Treatment Orders (CTOs) face many potential dilemmas in their relations with involuntary outpatients and the exercise of their powers. We compare the dilemmas identified in the ...
  • Dilemmas for Clinicians in Use of Community Treatment Orders 

    Dawson, John
    Clinicians who treat patients using Community Treatment Orders (CTOs) face many potential dilemmas in their relations with involuntary outpatients and the exercise of their powers. We compare the dilemmas identified in the ...
  • Family Perspective on Community Treatment Orders: A New Zealand Study 

    Mullen, Richard; Gibbs, Anita; Dawson, John
    Background: People with serious mental disorders typically live with family members. Despite increasing interest in compulsory community treatment for such patients, the experience and views of their family members have ...
  • Fault-Lines in Community Treatment Order Legislation 

    Dawson, John
    This article provides a general account of the legislation that governs the use of community treatment orders (CTOs) in the UK, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. In particular, the author concentrates on legal provisions ...
  • How Mental Health Clinicians View Community Treatment Orders: A National New Zealand Survey 

    Romans, Sarah; Dawson, John; Mullen, Richard; Gibbs, Anita
    Objective: To determine New Zealand mental health clinicians' views about community treatment orders, indications for their use, their benefits, problems and impact on patients and therapeutic relationships. Method: A ...
  • How patients in New Zealand view community treatment orders 

    Gibbs, Anita; Dawson, John; Ansley, Chris; Mullen, Richard
    Background: New Zealand operates a well-embedded community treatment order scheme for patients with serious mental disorders. A similar scheme may be enacted for England and Wales. Aim: To explore the views of patients ...
  • The Law of Emergency Psychiatric Detention 

    Dawson, John
    This article discusses the need to clarify the circumstances in which it is lawful to place a person under immediate detention or restraint in a psychiatric emergency in New Zealand. The author identifies the full range ...
  • Maori Experience of Community Treatment Orders in Otago, New Zealand 

    Gibbs, Anita; Dawson, John; Forsyth, Hine; Mullen, Richard; Te Oranga Tonu Tanga (Maori Mental Health Team)
    Objective: To consider the impact of community treatment orders (CommTOs) on Maori patients and their whanau (extended family) and the associated views of mental health professionals. Method: As a distinct aspect of a ...
  • Privacy and Access to Information 

    Mize, Selene; Dawson, John; Peart, Nicola
    This paper provides an overview of New Zealand law concerning privacy and access to information research. The authors discuss the issues researchers most commonly confront, particularly matters of privacy when personal ...
  • Randomised Controlled Trials of Mental Health Legislation 

    Dawson, John
    There is always potential for conflict to arise between scientific methods and the rule of law. This article considers a recent example of such conflict which can arise when attempts are made to evaluate the effectiveness ...