|dc.description.references||Allison, G.W., Lubchenco, J. and Carr, M.H. 1998. Marine reserves are necessary but not sufficient for marine conservation. Ecological Applications 8(1), supplement: S79-S92.
Apostolaki, P., Milner-Gulland, E.J., McAllister, M.K. and Kirkwood, G.P. 2002. Modelling effects of establishing a marine reserve for mobile fish species. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 59(3): 405-415.
Atakan, A.E., 2003. Stochastic convexity in dynamic programming. Economic Theory 22:447-455.
Beattie, A., Sumaila, U.R., Christensen, V. and Pauly, D. 2002. A model for the bioeconomic evaluation of marine protected area size and placement in the North Sea. Natural Resource Modeling 15(4): 414-437.
Beverton, R. 1998. Fish, fact and fantasy: a long view. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 8:229-249.
Beverton, R.J.H. and Holt, S.J. 1957. On the Dynamics of Exploited Fish Populations. Chapman and Hall: London.
Bhat, M.G. 2003. Application of non-market valuation to the Florida Keys marine reserve management. Journal of Environmental Management 67:315-325.
Boersma, P.D. and Parrish, J.K. 1999. Limiting abuse: marine protected areas, a limited solution. Ecological Economics 31: 287-304.
Bohnsack, J.A. 1998. Application of marine reserves to reef fisheries management. Australian Journal of Ecology 23:298-304.
Botsford, L.W., Castilla, J.C. and Peterson, C.H. 1997. The management of fisheries and marine ecosystems. Science 277:509.
Botsford, L.W., Hastings, A. and Gaines, S.D. 2001. Dependence of sustainability on the configuration of marine reserves and larval dispersal distance. Ecology Letters 4:144-150.
Botsford, L.W., Michelli, F., and Hastings, A. 2003. Principles for the design of marine reserves. Ecological Applications 13(1) Supplement: S25-S31.
Brown, G. and Roughgarden, J. 1997. A metapopulation model with private property and a common pool. Ecological Economics 22:65-71.
Bulte, E.H. and van Kooten, G.C. 1999. Metapopulation dynamics and stochastic bioeconomic modelling. Ecological Economics 30: 293-299.
Clark, C.W. 1996. Marine reserves and the precautionary management of fisheries. Ecological Applications 6(2):369-370.
Conrad, J.M. 1999. The bioeconomics of marine sanctuaries. Journal of Bioeconomics 1: 205-217.
Cote, I.M., Mosquiera, I. and Reynolds, J.D. 2001. Effects of marine reserve characteristics on the protection of fish populations: a meta-analysis. Journal of Fish Biology 59 (supp. A): 178-189.
DeMartini, E.E. 1993. Modeling the potential for fishery reserves for managing Pacific coral reef fishes. Fishery Bulletin 91(3): 414-427.
Dixit, A.K. and Pindyck, R.S. 1994. Investment Under Uncertainty. Princeton University Press:Princeton, New Jersey.
Doyen, L. and Béné, C. 2003. Sustainability of fisheries through marine reserves: a robust modelling analysis. Journal of Environmental Management 69: 1-13.
Gaspar, J. and Judd, K.L. 1997. Solving large-scale rational-expectations models. Macroeconomic Dynamics 20:45-75.
Gell, F.R. and Roberts, C.M. 2002. The fishery effects of marine reserves and fishery closures. World Wildlife Fund, United States, Washington DC.
Gell, F.R. and Roberts, C.M. 2003. Benefits beyond boundaries: the fishery effects of marine reserves. TRENDS in Ecology and Evolution 18(9): 448-455.
Gerber, L.R., Botsford, L.W., Hastings, A., Possingham, H.P., Gaines, S.D., Palumbi, S.R. and Andelman, S. 2003. Population models for marine reserve design: a retrospective and prospective synthesis. Ecological Applications 13(1), supplement: S47-S64.
Grafton, R.Q., Sandal, L.K. and Steinshamn, S.I. 2000. How to improve the management of renewable resources: the case of Canada’s northern cod fishery. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 82:570-580.
Guénette, S., Lauck, T. and Clark, C. 1998. Marine reserves: from Beverton Holt to the present. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 8:251-272.
Guénette, S., and Pitcher T.J. 1999. An age-structured model showing the benefits of marine reserves in controlling overexplotation. Fisheries Research 39: 295-303.
Halpern, B.S. 2003. The impact of marine reserves: do reserves work and does reserve size matter? Ecological Applications 13(1), supplement: S117-S137.
Halpern, B.S. and Warner, R.R. 2002. Marine reserves have rapid and lasting effects. Ecology Letters 5:361-366.
Hannesson, R. 1998. Marine reserves: what would they accomplish? Marine Resource Economics 13: 159-170.
Hannesson, R. 2002. The economics of marine reserves. Natural Resource Modeling 15(3): 273-290.
Hastings, A. and Botsford, L.W. 1999. Equivalence in yield from marine reserves and traditional fisheries management. Science 284: 1537-1538.
Hastings, A. and Botsford, L.W. 2003. Comparing designs of marine reserves for fisheries and biodiversity. Ecological Applications 13(1), supplement: S65-S70.
Hofmann, E.E. and Powell, T.M. 1998. Environmental variability effects on marine fisheries: four case studies. Ecological Applications 8(1):S23-S32.
Holland, D.S. 2000. A bioeconomic model of marine sanctuaries on Georges Bank. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 57(6): 1307-1319.
Holland, D.S. 2002. Integrating marine protected areas. Natural Resource Modeling 15(3): 369-386.
Holland, D.S. and R.J. Brazee. 1996. Marine reserves for fisheries management. Marine Resource Economics 11: 157-171.
Holling, C.S. 1973. Resilience and stability. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 4:1-23. Jennings, S. 2001. Patterns and prediction of population recovery in marine reserves. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 10: 209-231.
Judd, K.L. 1997. Computational economics and economic theory: substitutes or compliments. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control 21:907-942.
Judd, K.L. 1999. Numerical Methods for Economics. MIT Press: Cambridge, Mass.
Kelleher, G., Bleakley, C. and Wells, S (Eds.). 1995. Introduction in A global representative system of marine protected areas. Volume IV, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, The World Bank and The World Conservation Union. Environment Department, World Banck: Washington D.C.
Lauck, T., Clark, C.W., Mangel, M. and Munro, G.R. 1998. Implementing the precautionary principle in fisheries management through marine reserves. Ecological Applications 8(1), supplement: S72-S78.
Levins, R. 1970. Extinction. In Gerstenhaber, M. (Ed.) Some Mathematical Problems in Biology, American Mathematical Society, Providence Rhode Island, pp. 77-107.
Lindholm, J. and Barr, B. 2001. Comparison of marine and terrestrial protected areas under federal jurisdiction in the United States. Conservation Biology 15(5): 1441-1444.
Ludwig, D., Hilborn, R. and Walters, C. 1993. Uncertainty, resource exploitation and conservation: lessons from history. Science 260: 7, 36.
Malakoff, D. 1997. Extinction on the high seas. Science 277:486-488.
Malliaris, A.G. and Brock, W.A. 1982. Stochastic Methods in Economics and Finance. North-Holland Publishing Company: Amsterdam.
Mangel, M. 1998. No-take areas for sustainability of harvested species and a conservation invariant for marine reserves. Ecology Letters 1:87-90.
Mangel, M. 2000a. On the fraction of habitat allocated to marine reserves. Ecology Letters 3: 15-22.
Mangel, M. 2000b. Irreducible uncertainties, sustainable fisheries and marine reserves. Evolutionary Ecology Research 2:547-557.
Myers, R.A., Hutchings, J.A. and Barrowman, N.J. 1997. Why do fish stocks collapse? The example of cod in Canada. Ecological Applications 7:91-106.
National Research Council. 2000. Marine protected areas: tools for sustaining ocean ecosystems. National Academy Press: Washington, D.C.
Palumbi, S.R. 2003. Population genetics, demographic connectivity, and the design of marine reserves. Ecological Applications 13(1), supplement: S146-S158.
Pauly, D., Christenson, V., Dalsgaard, J. Foese, R. and Torres, F. Jr. 1998. Fishing Down Marine Food Webs. Science 279:860-863.
Pezzey, J.C.V., Roberts, C.M. and Urdal, B.T. 2000. A simple bioeconomic model of a marine reserve. Ecological Economics 33: 77-91.
Pimm, S.L. 1984. The complexity and stability of ecosystems. Nature 307: 321-325.
Pindyck. R.S. 1984. Uncertainty in the theory of renewable resource markets. Review of Economic Studies 51: 289-303.
Plan Development Team. 1990. The potential of marine fishery reserves for reef fish management in the U.S. southern Atlantic. NOAA: Washington, D.C.
Polacheck, T. 1990. Year round closed areas as a management tool. Natural Resource Modeling 4(3):327-354.
Pulliam, H.R. 1988. Source, sinks, and population regulation. The American Naturalist 132(5):652-661.
Reed, W.J. 1988. Optimal harvesting of a fishery subject to random catastrophic collapse. IMA Journal of Mathematics Applied in Medicine & Biology 5:215-235.
Reithe, S. 2003. Marine reserves and quotas as fisheries management tools: when does marine reserve creation pay? In Fisheries in the Global Economy Proceedings of the 11th biennial conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET) 2002.
Roberts, C.M. 1998. Sources, sinks, and the design of marine reserve networks. Fisheries 23: 16-19.
Roberts, C.M., Bohnsack, J.A.M Gell, F., Hawkins, J.P. and Goodridge, R. 2001. Effects of marine reserves on adjacent fisheries. Science 294: 1920-1923.
Roberts, C.M., Branch, G., Bustamante, R.H., Castilla, J.C., Dugan, J., Halpern, B.S., Lafferty, K.D., Leslie, H., Lubchenco, J., McArdle, D., Ruckelhaus, M. and Warner, R.R. 2003. Application of ecological criteria in selecting marine reserves and developing reserve networks. Ecological Applications 13(1), supplement: S215-S228.
Roberts, C.M. and H. Sargant. 2002. Fishery benefits of fully protected marine reserves: why habitat and behavior are important. Natural Resource Modeling 15(4): 487-507.
Roughgarden, J. and Iwasa, Y. 1986. Dynamics of a metapopulation with space-limited subpopulations. Theoretical population Biology 29:235-261.
Sanchirico, J.N. and Wilen, J.E. 1999. Bioeconomics of spatial exploitation in a patchy environment. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 37:129-150.
Sanchirico, J.N. and Wilen, J.E. 2001. A bioeconomic model of marine reserve creation. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 42:257-276.
Sanchirico, J.N. and Wilen, J.E. 2002. The impacts of marine reserves on limited-entry fisheries. Natural Resource Modeling 15(3): 291-310.
Schrope, M. 2001. Biologist urge US to build marine reserves. Nature 409: 971.
Shaffer, M. 1981. Minimum population sizes for species conservation. Bioscience 31: 31-134.
Sladek Nowlis, J.S. and Roberts, C.M. 1998. Fisheries benefits and optimal design of marine reserves. Fishery Bulletin 97:604-616.
Smedbol, R.K., McPherson, A., Hansen, M.H. and Kenchington, E. 2002. Myths and moderation in marine ‘metapopulations’? Fish and Fisheries 3:20-35.
Smith, M.D. and Wilen, J.E. 2003. Economic impacts of marine reserves: the importance of spatial behavior. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 46: 183-206.
Sumaila, U.R. 1998. Protected marine reserves as fisheries management tools: a bioeconomic analysis. Fisheries Research 37:287-296.
Trippel, E.A. 1995. Age at maturity as a stress indicator in fisheries. Bioscience 45: 759-771. Tuck, G.N. and Possingham, H.P. 1994. Optimal harvesting strategies for a metapopulation. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology 56(1): 107-127.
Turner, S.J., Thrush, S.F., Hewitt, J.E., Cummings, V.J. and Funnel, G. 1999. Fishing impacts and the degradation or loss of habitat structure. Fisheries Management and Ecology 6:401-420.
United Nations. 2002. World Summit on Sustainable Development Plan of Implementation. Division for Sustainable Development, http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/documents/WSSD_POI_PD/English/POIToc.htm.
Walters, C.J. and Hilborn, R. 1978. Ecological optimization and adaptive management. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 9:157-188.||en_NZ