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dc.contributor.advisorHayne, Harlene
dc.contributor.advisorGross, Julien
dc.contributor.authorCheung, Gina
dc.date.available2020-07-17T02:57:36Z
dc.date.copyright2020
dc.identifier.citationCheung, G. (2020). The Effect of Memory-Focused Judicial Instructions on Juror Decision-Making (Thesis, Master of Science). University of Otago. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10523/10190en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10523/10190
dc.description.abstractIn New Zealand, child sexual assault is highly prevalent and it is not uncommon that there is a delay in reporting the alleged offence. Currently, judges are required to provide judicial instructions regarding memory if the alleged crime occurred more than a decade ago. Historic child sexual assault cases are challenging because there is often a lack of corroborating evidence as well as physical evidence. Jurors’ decisions, therefore, must rest primarily on memory-based evidence. This can raise many memory-related issues, which the average juror has a limited understanding of. Given that New Zealand has no statute of limitations, and therefore, the aim of the current study was to examine the impact of a memory-focused judicial instruction on juror decision-making in cases of historic child sexual abuse. Mock jurors read a case of historic child sexual assault and either received a memory-focused instruction or no instruction at all. I examined whether there were differences in mock jurors’ verdicts, ratings of guilt, and ratings of the believability of the witness as a function of judicial instruction condition. I found that a judicial instruction did influence mock jurors’ verdicts. Fewer participants who received the judicial instruction found the defendant guilty than did participants who received no instruction at all. Participants were also confident in their verdict decisions. I also found that while a judicial instruction did not significantly affect mock jurors’ believability ratings, verdict significantly affected believability ratings. These findings provide some insight into the impact that memory-focused instructions may have on juror’s judgements in cases of historic child sexual assault.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.publisherUniversity of Otago
dc.rightsAll items in OUR Archive are provided for private study and research purposes and are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectJuror Decision-Making
dc.subjectJudicial Instructions
dc.subjectMemory Instructions
dc.subjectMemory-Focused Instructions
dc.subjectHistoric Child Sexual Assault
dc.subjectMemory
dc.subjectMock Juror Verdicts
dc.subjectJudicial Directions
dc.titleThe Effect of Memory-Focused Judicial Instructions on Juror Decision-Making
dc.typeThesis
dc.date.updated2020-07-14T09:29:53Z
thesis.degree.disciplinePsychology
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Science
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Otago
thesis.degree.levelMasters
otago.openaccessOpen
otago.evidence.presentYes
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