Prevalence of traumatic brain injury among children, adolescents and young adults: Prospective evidence from a birth cohort
Annette L Beautrais; B J Deavoll; David M Fergusson; Peter R Joyce; Roger T Mulder; Susan K Nightingale
Background: Little is known about the incidence and prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI), particularly for infants, children and young adults. Primary objective: The purpose of this study was to provide an accurate estimate of the incidence and prevalence of TBIs for individuals between 0-25 years of age. Method and procedures: A birth cohort of 1265 individuals was used, for which information regarding TBI events, both hospitalized and non-hospitalized, had been recorded. Main outcomes and results: The average incidence for this age group ranged from 1.10-2.36 per 100 per year, with an overall prevalence of ?30%. The most common source of injury was falls for individuals 0-14 years of age and contact sports and motor vehicle accidents for 15-25 year olds. Approximately one third of the individuals who experienced a TBI went on to have one or more additional injuries. Conclusions: The incidence rates reported here are much higher than those previously found. It is clear that TBIs constitute a major health issue and therefore it is important to have accurate information to enable planning for primary healthcare services and to inform prevention programmes.
Publisher: Informa UK Limited
Rights Statement: This version in OUR Archive is the author's manuscript accepted for publication after peer-review. The published version is: McKinlay, A., Grace, R. C., Horwood, L. J., Fergusson, D. M., Ridder, E. M., & MacFarlane, M. R. (2008). Prevalence of traumatic brain injury among children, adolescents and young adults: Prospective evidence from a birth cohort. Brain Injury, 22(2), 175-181. doi: 10.1080/02699050801888824
Keywords: Neurosciences & Neurology; Rehabilitation
Research Type: Journal Article