Food miles: Starving the poor?
Ballingall, John; Winchester, Niven
Food miles measure the distance food travels to reach consumers’ plates. Although substituting local food for imported produce will not necessarily reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the food miles movement is widely supported by consumers and import-competing producers. We investigate the economic implications of food miles-induced preference changes in Europe using an economy-wide model. We observe large welfare losses for several Sub-Saharan African nations. We conclude that food miles campaigns will increase global inequality without necessarily improving environmental outcomes.
Publisher: Department of Economics, University of Otago
Series number: 812
Keywords: food miles; trade protection; Non-tariff barriers
Research Type: Discussion Paper