Are poor countries above their steady-state income levels? – A time-series analysis
This paper criticizes Cho and Graham's argument that poor countries converge from above their steady-state income levels, based on their misspecification of formulating the steady-state income by omitting the variation in the base period technology across countries when estimating steady-state income. This paper also questions the cross-country regression methodology, which generally ignores the changes in variables over time. A time-series approach is employed to analyse the long-run behaviour of actual and steady-state income levels for a group of seven developing countries, which are observed to be above their steady-states in Cho and Graham (1996). An error-correction-based-test is used to examine the existence of cointegration. The results suggest that these countries' actual and steady-state income per capita tend to move together over time, which is consistent with the Solow model's prediction.
Degree Name: Bachelor of Commerce with Honours
Degree Discipline: Economics
Keywords: steady-state income levels, poor countries; steady-state income; cross-country regression methodology; steady-state income per capita; time-series analysis; economic growth and applied econometrics; growth, convergence, steady-state income levels, base period technology, cross-country regression, time-series regression, Solow model's prediction, error-correction-based-test
Research Type: Dissertation