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dc.contributor.advisorMacDonell, Steve
dc.contributor.advisorWong, Beng-Leong William
dc.contributor.authorNorris, Brian Een_NZ
dc.identifier.citationNorris, B. E. (2001, July). Virtual navigation: naïve wayfinding within a QuickTime virtual environment (Thesis, Master of Commerce). Retrieved from
dc.descriptionxviii, 174 leaves : ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm. + 1 CD-ROM (4 3/4 in.) University of Otago department: Information Science. "July 2001". Thesis (M. Com.)--University of Otago, 2002. Includes bibliographical references.
dc.description.abstractThis thesis reports on an investigation into naive or first time wayfinding within virtual environments, It reports on a study that examines the effectiveness of maps and landmarks as navigational aids to enhance naive, or first time, wayfinding performance within a virtual environment (VE). More specifically a photo-realistic, desktop, QuickTime Virtual Reality (QTVR) virtual environment was used. This study also attempts to explain any differences found in the performance of the naive wayfinding, In Phase I of this research, a quantitative experiment was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the map and landmark navigational aids used to enhance naive wayfinding within a QTVR virtual museum, Fifty-nine participants took part in the experiment in which they had to perform naïve searches within a virtual museum and once they found the objects they were instructed to find their way back to the start point, The participants were separated into four treatments, map, landmark, map/landmark and control (no navigational aids). The findings of Phase I suggest the effectiveness of the navigational aids is dependent on the type of naive wayfinding task involved. Landmark navigational aids, in the form of signs, were most effective when the task involves finding an object or place, while the map navigational aids were most effective when the task involves finding your way back to a particular point within the virtual environment. In Phase II of this research, a qualitative study was conducted in an attempt to explain the differences identified in Phase I, To achieve this a Cognitive Task Analysis (CTA) was conducted using an adapted version of the Critical Decision Method (CDM), so as elicit any difficulties the participants may have had with the QTVR environment while performing the experiment in Phase I. Activity Theory (AT) was then used to identify the breakdowns within the activity and the subsequent focus shifts and strategies used to overcome the breakdowns. In doing so it documented eight common breakdowns. In analysing these eight breakdowns, several plausible explanations were identified for the naïve wayfinding performance differences when map and navigational aids were used. The results from the Activity Theory analysis also indicated flaws in the design of the QTVR museum. These flaws can be used as guidelines in the design of future QTVR virtual environments.en_NZ
dc.subjectfirst time wayfindingen_NZ
dc.subjectQuickTime Virtual Reality (QTVR) virtual environmenten_NZ
dc.subjectlandmark navigational aiden_NZ
dc.subjectCognitive Task Analysisen_NZ
dc.subjectVirtual environmentsen_NZ
dc.subject.lcshT Technology (General)en_NZ
dc.subject.lcshQ Science (General)en_NZ
dc.subject.lcshTR Photographyen_NZ
dc.subject.lcshAM Museums (General). Collectors & collecting (General)en_NZ
dc.titleVirtual navigation: naïve wayfinding within a QuickTime virtual environmenten_NZ
otago.schoolInformation Scienceen_NZ Scienceen_NZ of Commerce of Otagoen_NZ Thesisen_NZ
otago.openaccessAbstract Only
dc.identifier.eprints545en_NZ Scienceen_NZ
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