Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorBlakely, Jamesen_NZ
dc.identifier.citationBlakely, J. (2001). The transformation of purchasing in New Zealand (Thesis). Retrieved from
dc.description.abstractThis project discusses supply chain management, paying particular attention to the purchasing function with the chain. It explores the professionalisation in purchasing specifically concentrating n its presence in the New Zealand business environment Initially, SCM is described in general terms to provide a context within which the development of purchasing can be analysed as a concept. SCM refers to many interrelating parts that span inter and intra-organisational functional borders it involves informational, material and integrative flows between supply and demand. The role of purchasing has developed in recent years from purely a buying based, clerical activity, to a strategic function involved in organisational decision making. This transformation was initiated by the recognition that efficiency in purchasing can provide a competitive advantage in the corporate environment. Distinctive features of a strategic purchasing function include the ability to make decisions on a strategic level, the existence of its own department and positive relationship with a smaller set of suppliers. One of the ways that strategic purchasing manifests itself is through the use of strategic outsourcing. Originally, organisations manufactured most materials inhouse, whether they were part of its developed core competency or not. As greater confidence in outsourcing non-core production developed the strategic use of global sourcing to gain competitive advantage became more popular. Global sourcing is used in this project to illustrate some of the strategic benefits of outsourcing. The concept of professionalisation is also investigated. What professionalisation entails, and the steps an occupation must go through in order to achieve 'professional' status are discussed. These factors include: a common mode of education, a code of ethics, and the establishment of a regulatory body, which often takes on the responsibility of performing licensing functions dictating who can and cannot belong to the profession. It is concluded that an occupation pursues professionalisation to increase their autonomy within the workplace and to increase recognition and status in the wider societal context. Section 2 discusses the methodology utilised by this project. It describes how the survey on purchasing and professionalisation was constructed and how after distribution to one hundred members of the New Zealand Institute of Purchasing and Materials Management (NZIPMM), it yielded an exceptional 53% response rate. Section 3 compares the empirical data collated from the survey results with the opinions of the literature. The findings show that although the NZIPMM membership believe they practice purchasing strategically, blocks are set in place at the organisation level are preventing it from reaching its full potential. Barriers to decision making and information access, and the discriminatory preconceptions of other top management functions can limit the strategic development of purchasing. The survey results reveal a resounding number of NZIPMM's members view purchasing as a 'profession'. However, the conspicuous lack common code of ethics and effective legislative body, prove that purchasing is in fact far from reaching professional status. The recommendations in Section 5 connect the threads of purchasing and personalisation to suggest avenues of future activity for the NZIPMM. The recommendations to the NZIPMM are as follows: 1. Actively endorse strategic purchasing through increasingly the public image of the NZIPMM. 2. Increase the frequency and depth of educational courses in this field, and seek to form an exclusive relationship with a tertiary provider. 3. Seek confirmation and legislative endorsement of their position as an authoritative body in the purchasing field.en_NZ
dc.subjectprofessionalisation in purchasingen_NZ
dc.subjectstrategic purchasingen_NZ
dc.subjectBarriers to decision makingen_NZ
dc.subjectSupply Chain Managementen_NZ
dc.subject.lcshHF Commerceen_NZ
dc.subject.lcshHF5601 Accountingen_NZ
dc.subject.lcshHD28 Management. Industrial Managementen_NZ
dc.subject.lcshH Social Sciences (General)en_NZ
dc.subject.lcshHF5601 Accountingen_NZ
dc.titleThe transformation of purchasing in New Zealanden_NZ
otago.schoolManagementen_NZ of Otagoen_NZ Thesesen_NZ
otago.openaccessAbstract Only
dc.description.referencesBloor, G. and Dawson, P. (1994). "Understanding Professional Culture in Organizational Context." Organisational Studies 15(2): 275-295. Canez, L., Platts, K., et al. (2000). "Developing a Framework for Make-or-Buy Decisions." International Journal of Operations & Production Management 20(11): 1313-1330. Carter, P. L., Carter, J. R., et al. (2000). "The Future of Purchasing and Supply: A Ten Year Forecast." The Journal of Supply Chain Management 36(1): 14-26. Chandrashekar, A. and Schary, P. (1999). "Toward the Virtual Supply Chain: The Convergence of IT and Organization." The International Journal of Logistics Management 10(2): 27-39. Choon-Tan, K., Kannan, V., et al. (1998). "Supply Chain Management: Supplier Performance and Firm Performance." International Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management 34(3): 2-9. Christopher, M. (1992). Logistics and Su Chain Management: Strategies for Reducing Costs and Improving Services. United Kingdom, Pitman Publishing. Das, A. and Handfeild, R. (1997). "A Meta-analysis of Doctoral Dissertations in Purchasing." Journal of Operations Management 15: 101-121. Davis, T. (1993). "Effective Supply Chain Management." Sloan Management Review 34(4): 35-47. Dawe, R. (1996). "Proper Strategy Needs a Sound Process." Transportation & Distribution 37(7): 112-115. Dicken, P. (1998). Global Shift: Transforming the World Economy. London, Paul Chapmen Publishing Ltd. Ellram, L. M. and Can, A. (1994). "Strategic Purchasing: A History and Review of the Literature." International Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management 30(2): 10-18. Freeman, V. and Cavinato, J. (1990). "Fitting Purchasing to the Strategic Firm: Frameworks, Processes, and Values." Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management 26(1): 6-10. Gebauer, J. (1998). Building an Internet-Based Workflow System -The Case of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories' Zephyr Project. Berkeley, Fisher Center for Management and Information Technology, Walter A. Haas School of Business, University of California: 1-16. Ghauri, P., Gronhaug, K., et al. (1995). Research Methods in Business Studies: A Practical Guide. Hertfordshire, Prenctice Hall. Griffith, D. A. and Palmer, J. W. (1999). Leveraging the Web For Corporate Success. Business Horizons. 42: 4-12. Harland, C. (1995). "The Dynamics of Customer Dissatisfaction in Supply Chains." Production Planning and Control 6(3): 209-217. Henderson, B. (1975). "The Coming Revolution in Purchasing." Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management 11(2) Hussey, J. and Hussey, R. (1997). Business Research: A Practical Guide for Undergraduate and Postgraduate Students. London, MacMillan Press Ltd. Jones, B., Richardson, A., et al. (2000). "Truth and the Evolution of the Professions: A Comparative Study of "Truth in Advertising" and "True and Fair" Financial Statements in North America during the Progressive Era." The Journal of Micromarketing 20(1): 23-35. Korhonen, P., Huttunen, K., et al. (1998). "Demand Chain Management in a Global Enterprise-Information Management View." Production Planning and Control 9(6): 526-531. Korten, D. (1996). When Corporations Rule the World. London, Earthscan Publications Ltd. Laios, L. and Moschuris, S. (1999). "An Empirical Investigation of Outsourcing Decisions." The Journal of Supply Chain Management 35(1): 33-42. Lancioni, R. A. (2000). "The Role of the Internet in Supply Chain Management." Industrial Marketing Management 29(1): 45. Lee, H. and Billington, C. (1992). "Managing Supply Chain Inventory: Pitfalls and Opportunities." Sloan Management Review 33(3): 65-74. Monczka, R. M., Trent, R., et al. (1998). Purchasing and Supply Chain Management. Cincinnati, Ohio, South-Western College Publishing. Oliver, R. K. and Webber, M. D. (1982). Supply-Chain Management: Logistics Catches Up with Strategy. Outlook, Booz, Allen and Hamilton Inc: 63-75. Pearson, J. N. and Gritzmacher, K. (1990). "Integrating Purchasing Into Strategic Management." Long Range Planning 23(3): 91-99. Raelin, J. and Carroll, W. (1992). "Cross-Cultural Implications of Professional/Management Conflict." Journal of General Management 17(3): 16- 30. Reck, R. and Long, B. (1988). "Purchasing: A Competitive Weapon." Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management 24(3): 2-8. Saunders, M., Lewis, P., et al. (2000). Research Methods for Business Students. Edinburgh, Pitman Publishing. Singh, J. (1996). "The importance of information flow within the supply chain." Logistics Information Management 9(3): 28-30. Slack, N., Chambers, S., et al. (1998). Operations Management. London, Pitman Publishing. Smeltzer, L. and. Siferd, S. (1998). "Proactive Supply Management: The Management of Risk." International Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management 34(1): 38- 45. Trent, R. J. and Monczka, R. (1998). "Purchasing and Supply Management: Trends and Changes Throughout the 1990s." International Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management Fall: 2-11. Vokurka, R. (1998). "Supplier Partnerships: A Case Study." Production and Inventory Management Journal 39(1): 30-35. Wilensky, H. (1964). "The Professionalization of Everyone?" The American Journal of Sociology 70(2): 137-158. Wisner, J. and Choon-Tan, K. (2000), "Supply Chain Management and its Impact on Purchasing." The Journal of Supply Chain Management 36(4): 33-43.en_NZ
 Find in your library

Files in this item


There are no files associated with this item.

This item is not available in full-text via OUR Archive.

If you would like to read this item, please apply for an inter-library loan from the University of Otago via your local library.

If you are the author of this item, please contact us if you wish to discuss making the full text publicly available.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record