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dc.contributor.advisorCatley, Bob
dc.contributor.advisorRudd, Chris
dc.contributor.authorLin, Chin-shengen_NZ
dc.identifier.citationLin, C. (2005). The One-China controversy, 1996-2002 : the impact of Taiwan’s democratisation on the cross-strait policies of Taipei, Beijing and Washington (Thesis, Doctor of Philosophy). University of Otago. Retrieved from
dc.descriptionxii, 535 p. ; 30 cm. Includes bibliographical references. University of Otago department: Political Studies. "February 2005."
dc.description.abstractThe one-China issue before the 1990s was not particularly complex as both sides of the Taiwan Strait claimed that there was only one China in the world and Taiwan was part of China. Nevertheless, after Taiwan accelerated democratisation in the early 1990s, and especially after 1996 when it entered a stage of democratic consolidation, the one-China issue has become a bitter controversy. Taiwan was transformed from an authoritarian regime to a democracy through the revision of the constitution and the reform of elections for the Legislative Yüan and the presidency between 1991 and 1996. Democratisation not only legitimised the government's rule on Taiwan, but also brought about Taiwanese nationalism, which forced the government to defend the sovereignty to which its democratic and economic achievements now entitled it. As the PRC has always claimed sovereignty over Taiwan, the one-China controversy has thus focused on Taiwan's international status since the 1990s. In order to prevent Taiwan from declaring independence, the PRC adopted a carrot and stick strategy, but failed. Its "peaceful reunification" policy and the "one country, two systems" formula could not attract the Taiwanese, and its military threats were blocked by the US, which has strongly demanded a peaceful resolution for cross-Strait disputes since 1979. As the US also needs the PRC's cooperation in many international areas, it did not support Taiwan's formal independence. Under such circumstances, maintaining the status quo of the Taiwan Strait becomes the best choice for the three sides. The one-China controversy is not expected to be resolved in the near future. Democracy has been promoted as a universal value since the Cold War. As Taiwan has not ruled out the possibility of future democratic unification with the Mainland, the best way to resolve the one-China controversy might be the successful democratisation of the PRC, which the international community would welcome.en_NZ
dc.publisherUniversity of Otagoen_NZ
dc.rightsAll items in OUR Archive are provided for private study and research purposes and are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectChinese reunification question (1949-)en_NZ
dc.subjectforeign relationsen_NZ
dc.subjectUnited Statesen_NZ
dc.titleThe One-China controversy, 1996-2002 : the impact of Taiwan's democratisation on the cross-strait policies of Taipei, Beijing and Washingtonen_NZ
dc.title.alternative1-China Controversy, 1996-2002
dc.typeThesisen_NZ of Political Studiesen_NZ of Philosophyen_NZ of Otagoen_NZ Thesesen_NZ
otago.openaccessAbstract Only
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