The One-China controversy, 1996-2002 : the impact of Taiwan's democratisation on the cross-strait policies of Taipei, Beijing and Washington
|dc.identifier.citation||Lin, C. (2005). The One-China controversy, 1996-2002 : the impact of Taiwan’s democratisation on the cross-strait policies of Taipei, Beijing and Washington (Thesis, Doctor of Philosophy). University of Otago. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10523/137||en|
|dc.description||xii, 535 p. ; 30 cm. Includes bibliographical references. University of Otago department: Political Studies. "February 2005."|
|dc.description.abstract||The one-China issue before the 1990s was not particularly complex as both sides of the Taiwan Strait claimed that there was only one China in the world and Taiwan was part of China. Nevertheless, after Taiwan accelerated democratisation in the early 1990s, and especially after 1996 when it entered a stage of democratic consolidation, the one-China issue has become a bitter controversy. Taiwan was transformed from an authoritarian regime to a democracy through the revision of the constitution and the reform of elections for the Legislative Yüan and the presidency between 1991 and 1996. Democratisation not only legitimised the government's rule on Taiwan, but also brought about Taiwanese nationalism, which forced the government to defend the sovereignty to which its democratic and economic achievements now entitled it. As the PRC has always claimed sovereignty over Taiwan, the one-China controversy has thus focused on Taiwan's international status since the 1990s. In order to prevent Taiwan from declaring independence, the PRC adopted a carrot and stick strategy, but failed. Its "peaceful reunification" policy and the "one country, two systems" formula could not attract the Taiwanese, and its military threats were blocked by the US, which has strongly demanded a peaceful resolution for cross-Strait disputes since 1979. As the US also needs the PRC's cooperation in many international areas, it did not support Taiwan's formal independence. Under such circumstances, maintaining the status quo of the Taiwan Strait becomes the best choice for the three sides. The one-China controversy is not expected to be resolved in the near future. Democracy has been promoted as a universal value since the Cold War. As Taiwan has not ruled out the possibility of future democratic unification with the Mainland, the best way to resolve the one-China controversy might be the successful democratisation of the PRC, which the international community would welcome.||en_NZ|
|dc.publisher||University of Otago||en_NZ|
|dc.rights||All items in OUR Archive are provided for private study and research purposes and are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.|
|dc.subject||Chinese reunification question (1949-)||en_NZ|
|dc.title||The One-China controversy, 1996-2002 : the impact of Taiwan's democratisation on the cross-strait policies of Taipei, Beijing and Washington||en_NZ|
|dc.title.alternative||1-China Controversy, 1996-2002|
|thesis.degree.discipline||Department of Political Studies||en_NZ|
|thesis.degree.name||Doctor of Philosophy||en_NZ|
|thesis.degree.grantor||University of Otago||en_NZ|
Files in this item
There are no files associated with this item.
This item is not available in full-text via OUR Archive.
If you would like to read this item, please apply for an inter-library loan from the University of Otago via your local library.
If you are the author of this item, please contact us if you wish to discuss making the full text publicly available.