|dc.description.abstract||This report is the result of a partnership and consequent research brief established between the University of Otago School of Business, Te Kupeka Umaka Maori Ki Araiteuru Inc. (KUMA), the Dunedin City Council, Te Runanga o Ngai Tahu and Te Tapuae o Rehua. The brief is principally concerned with the collection and analysis of information involving the KUMA (Southern Maori) business network, its current issues and needs and its contribution to the Dunedin economy. This information is presented in the context of published work about Maori enterprise activities in general; including the 2006 Hui Taumata initiative, Accelerating Maori Economic Development.
Information was collected from nineteen Dunedin-based businesses in the KUMA network, using Kaupapa Maori principles that included face-to-face interviews. The interviews were tape recorded and then transcribed in ordinary English spelling for ease of reference. Over 20 hours of data was collected in this way. Apart from providing details about the businesses themselves, project findings focus on core issues and themes that are pertinent to successful business growth and development for network members.
Key findings include:
- The Hui Taumata call to develop people and enterprise for Maori business growth is emerging under the KUMA umbrella. Considerable social capital is evident in the network, but the connection between this capital and the development of Maori assets is an issue that requires significant attention.
- KUMA is a young and forward-looking network that has potential to offer regional and national leadership in assisting with the development of Maori business activities.
- Time, staffing and compliance issues were identified as the major barriers to current business development
- Areas of business weakness that could benefit from professional development activities in the network include research development, marketing, management practices and administration.
- The realisation that Maori must accept responsibility for their own actions is a key driving force behind the outcomes of Hui Taumata 2005. The project findings indicate that collective aspiration and the concept of ‘rangatiratanga’ (self-determination) are key motivating elements for launching Maori business start-ups.
- Maori network membership is desirable because of the long term commitment to ‘whanaungatanga’ (kinship), rather than for reasons of financial gain.
- The ability to network and to create successful businesses is not only about business success but also about the growing esteem and mana of a group of people who are clearly taking charge of their lives.
In order to ensure that the KUMA network can be strengthened and developed for both local and national benefit, the following actions are recommended:
- Mechanisms are explored to develop and strengthen the KUMA network, including financial support.
- The KUMA network reviews its activities in line with members’ suggestions.
- Appropriate encouragement and support is provided for senior Maori students to undertake further research in this field.
- Executive education opportunities are explored through ongoing dialogue between the School of Business and project partners.
- Funding for regional and national studies of other Maori networks is pursued in order to provide a more comprehensive profile of business values, needs and support mechanisms.
- Long-term planning for the future global development of Maori businesses is explored between project partners.
- The processes developed to generate this project are continued.||en_NZ
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