What’s in a vote? The short- and long-run impact of dual-class equity on IPO firm values
Smart, Scott B; Thirumalai, Rhamabhadran; Zutter, Chad J
We find that relative to fundamentals, dual-class firms trade at lower prices than do singleclass firms both at the IPO date and for at least the subsequent five years. The lower prices attached to dual-class firms do not foreshadow abnormally low stock or accounting returns. However, CEO turnover events do occur less frequently among dual-class firms and the circumstances surrounding CEO turnover vary between single- and dual-class companies. When dual-class firms unify their share classes statistically and economically significant value gains occur. Collectively, our results suggest that the governance associated with dual-class equity influences the pricing of dual-class firms.
Conference: University of Otago, Finance department, Seminar, Commerce 5.37, University of Otago, Dunedin, Otago
Keywords: Initial public offerings; Dual class; Ownership structure; Governance; Firm value; Long-run performance; CEO turnover