This is not the latest version of this item. The latest version can be found at:

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorWhiting, Rosalind Hen_NZ
dc.identifier.citationWhiting, R. H. (2008). The Determinants of Career Success in the New Zealand Accountancy Profession (Accountancy Working Paper Series). EIASM 23rd Workshop on Strategic Human Resource Management, Slovenia, April 2008. Retrieved from
dc.description.abstractSixty-nine experienced New Zealand Chartered Accountants (CAs), displaying varying levels of family/work involvement were interviewed about their careers. The primary finding was that those with the least family responsibilities, irrespective of gender, were the most successful career-wise. Overall career success was enhanced by high career aspirations, long working hours and availability to clients, hard work, high technical competence and skills, networking, self-confidence, flexibility to relocate if required and large size and growth of the employing organisation. Most influential were career aspirations and a long hours/available work ethic, demonstrating the pervasiveness of the male linear career model. Career aspirations, desire for responsibility, perceived ability to handle pressure, long hours, availability to clients, networking and possibly technical skills (in cases of extended leave) were all influenced by the CA’s level of family responsibilities and not just gender aloneen_NZ
dc.publisherEIASM 23rd Workshop on Strategic Human Resource Management, Slovenia, April 2008.en_NZ
dc.relation.ispartofseriesAccountancy Working Paper Seriesen_NZ
dc.subject.lcshHQ The family. Marriage. Womanen_NZ
dc.subject.lcshHF Commerceen_NZ
dc.subject.lcshHF5601 Accountingen_NZ
dc.subject.lcshHN Social history & conditions. Social problems. Social reformen_NZ
dc.subject.lcshHF5601 Accountingen_NZ
dc.titleThe Determinants of Career Success in the New Zealand Accountancy Professionen_NZ
dc.typeWorking Paperen_NZ
otago.bitstream.pages45en_NZ 04:32:31en_NZ
otago.schoolAccountancy and Business Lawen_NZ
dc.identifier.eprints822en_NZ & Business Lawen_NZ
dc.description.referencesAcker, J., K. Barry, & J. Esseveld. (1991). Objectivity and Truth. Problems in Doing Feminist Research. In M. M. Fonow & Cook, J. A. (Eds.), Beyond Methodology. Feminist Scholarship as Lived Research (pp. 133-153). Indianapolis: Indiana University Press. Adler, N. J. (2007). One world: women leading and managing worldwide. In D. Bilimoria & Pollitt, D. (Eds.), Handbook on Women in Business and Management (pp. 330-355). Cheltenham, United Kingdom: Edward Elgar. Alvesson, M., & Y. D. Billing. (1997). Understanding Gender and Organisations. London: Sage. Anderson-Gough, F., C. Grey, & K. Robson. (2005). "Helping them to forget..": the organizational embedding of gender relations in public audit firms. Accounting Organizations and Society, 30(5), 469-490. Anderson, J. C., E. N. Johnson, & P. M. J. Reckers. (1994). Perceived Effects of Gender, Family Structure and Physical Appearance on Career progression in Public Accounting: A Research Note. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 19(6), 483- 491. Asthana, A., & D. Campbell. (2006, 5 April). Thesis points to new split in female ranks. Otago Daily Times, p. 17. Burke, R. (1999). Are families a career liability? Women in Management Review, 14(5), 159-163. Burke, R. J., & C. A. McKeen. (1995). Employment Gaps, Work Satisfaction and Career Advancement Among Women Chartered Accountants. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 10(7), 16-22. Coolidge, L., & D. D'Angelo. (1994). Family issues to shape the profession's future. The CPA Journal, 64(5), 16-22. Crompton, R. (Ed.). (1999). Restructuring Gender Relations and Employment. The Decline of the Male Breadwinner. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Darlington, Y., & D. Scott. (2002). Qualitative Research in Practice. Stories from the Field. Buckingham: Open University Press. Davidson, M., & R. Burke. (1994). Women in Management: Current Research Issues. London: Paul Chapman Publishing. Earle, H. A. (2003). Building a workplace of choice: Using the work environment to attract and retain top talent. Journal of Faculties Management, 2(3), 244-257. Edlin, B. (2003, 8 October). Will policies, or people, close the gender gap? The Independent, 28. Ferrers, T. (2001). Lifestyle Rates Highly with Young Professionals. Chartered Accountants Journal, 80(7), 88-89. Gammie, E., & B. Gammie. (1995). Women Chartered Accountants - Progressing in the Right Direction? Women in Management, 10(1), 5-13. Gammie, E., B. Gammie, M. Matson, & F. Duncan. (2007). Women of ICAS Reaching the Top: The Demise of the Glass Ceiling. Edinburgh: The Institute of Chartered Accountants of Scotland. Gardiner, M., & M. Tiggemann. (1999). Gender differences in leadership style, job stress and mental health in male and female dominated industries. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 72(3), 301-315. Graham, A. W. (1960). The First Fifty Years 1909-1959. Wellington: Hutcheson, Bowman and Stewart Ltd. Gregson, N., & M. Lowe. (1993). Renegotiating the domestic division of labour? A study of dual career households in north east and south east England. The Sociological Review, 41, 475-505. Grey, C. (1994). Career as a Project of the Self and Labour Process Discipline. Sociology, 28(2), 479-497. Guinn, R. E., S. Bhamornsiri, & C. Blanthorne. (2004). Promotion to Partner in Big Firms: Truths and Trends. The CPA Journal, 74(4), 54-55. Harvey, M. G., & M. R. Buckley. (1998). The Process for Developing an International Program for Dual-Career Couples. Human Resource Management Review, 8(1), 99- 123. Hudson. (2007). 2007 Hudson Remuneration Survey [Electronic Version]. Retrieved 5 December 2007 from Hull, R. P., & P. H. Umansky. (1997). An Examination of Gender Stereotyping as an Explanation for Vertical Job Segregation in Public Accounting. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 22(6), 507-528. Ilgen, D. R., & M. A. Youtz. (1986). Factors affecting the evaluation and development of minorities in organizations. Personnel and Human Resources Management, 4, 307- 337. Jackson, C., & S. Hayday. (1997). Accountants with Attitude: A Career Survey of Women and Men in the Profession (No. 342). United Kingdom: The Institute for Employment Studies. Judson, S. (1997). Opportunities and Outcomes. Chartered Accountants' Journal, 76(8), 63- 64. Kelsey, J. (1995). The New Zealand Experiment: A World Model for Structural Adjustment. Wellington: Auckland University Press. Kim, S. N. (2004). Imperialism without empire: silence in contemporary accounting research on race/ethnicity. Critical Perspectives on Accounting, 15, 95-133. Kirchmeyer, C. (1998). Determinants of Managerial Career Success: Evidence and Explanation of Male/Female Differences. Journal of Management, 24(6), 673-692. Kirkham, L. M. (1992). Integrating Herstory and History in Accountancy. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 17(3/4), 287-297. Klein, M. (2003). Work/life issues dominate agenda at ASWA confab. Accounting Today, 17(19), 3. Kossek, E. E., & C. Oseki. (1999). Bridging the work-family policy and productivity gap: A literature review. Community, Work and Family, 2(1), 7-32. Large, M., & M. N. K. Saunders. (1995). A decision-making model for analysing how the glass ceiling is maintained: Unblocking equal promotion opportunities. International Journal of Career Management, 7(2), 21-28. Lewis, J. (2001). The End of Marriage? Individualism and Intimate Relations. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing Inc. Lewis, S., & C. L. Cooper. (2005). Work-Life Integration. Case Studies of Organisational Change. Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Liddicoat, L. (1999). Stakeholder perceptions of family friendly workplaces: case studies of six New Zealand organisations. Unpublished PhD, Massey University, Palmerston North. Liddicoat, L., & S. Malthus. (2004). Employee Benefits: What New Zealand Chartered Accountant Firms are Providing to Attract, Retain and Motivate Staff. New Zealand Journal of Applied Business Research, 3(2), 25-39. Lincoln, Y. S., & E. G. Guba. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. Beverley Hills, CA.: Sage Publications. Linehan, M., & J. Walsh, S. (2001). Key Issues in the Senior Female International Career Move: A Qualitative Study in a European Context. British Journal of Management, 12, 85-95. Ministry of Social Development. (2004). New Zealand Families Today. A Briefing for the Families Commission. Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Social Development. Ministry of Women's Affairs. (2001, September). Around the Clock. Panui, 4. Morley, C., S. Bellamy, M. Jackson, & M. O'Neill. (2002). Attitudinal Barriers to Women's Career Progression in Accounting in Australia. Australian Accounting Review, 12(1), 64-72. Morrison, A. M., & M. A. Von Glinow. (1990). Women and Minorities in Management. American Psychologist, 200-208. New Zealand Institute of Chartered Accountants. (2007). 2007 Annual Report. Wellington: New Zealand Institute of Chartered Accountants. O'Reilly, J., & C. Fagan (Eds.). (1998). Part-Time Prospects. London: Routledge. Oliver, C. (1992). The Antecedents of Deinstitutionalization. Organization Studies, 13(4), 563-588. Pascall, G., S. Parker, & J. Evetts. (2000). Women in Banking Careers - A Science of Muddling Through? Journal of Gender Studies, 9(1), 63-73. Phelps, E. S. (1972). The Statistical Theory of Racism and Sexism. American Economic Review, 62(4), 659-661. Poindexter, S. (2003). The case for holistic learning. Change, 35(1), 24-30. Rapoport, R., L. Bailyn, J. Fletcher, & B. Pruitt. (2002). Beyond Work-Family Balance: Advancing Gender Equity and Work Performance. Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Richards, L. (1999). Introducing NVIVO: A workshop handbook. Bundoora, Australia: Qualitative Solutions and Research Pty. Ltd. Rogier, S. A., & M. Y. Padgett. (2004). The Impact of Utilizing a Flexible Work schedule on the Perceived Career Advancement Potential of Women. Human Resource Development Quarterly, 15(1), 89-106. Ross-Smith, A., C. Chesterman, & M. Peters. (2004, 8-11 December). "Instinctively Collaborative": Are women executives changing the cultures of senior management? Paper presented at the Australia and New Zealand Academy of Management Conference, Dunedin, New Zealand. Russell, J. (2001, 10 February). Suited City Dads put Family Life First. Otago Daily Times, p. 33. Sceats, J. (2003). The Impossible Dream: Motherhood and a Career? New Zealand Population Review, 29(1), 155-171. Schein, V. E. (1993). The Work/Family Interface. Women in Management Review, 8(4), 22- 27. Smithson, J., S. Lewis, & C. Cooper. (2002, 8 November). Flexible Working and the Gender Pay Gap in the Accountancy Profession. Paper presented at the ICAEW Gender Research Forum, United Kingdom. Smithson, J., S. Lewis, C. Cooper, & J. Dyer. (2004). Flexible Working and the Gender Pay Gap in the Accountancy Profession. Work, Employment and Society, 18(1), 115-135. Tashakkori, A., & C. Teddlie. (1998). Mixed Methodology. Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches (Vol. 46). Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications. Terborg, J., L. Peters, D. R. Ilgen, & F. Smith. (1977). Organizational and personal correlates of attitudes toward women as managers. Academy of Management Journal, 89-100. Thompson, J. (1999, 1 November). The Value of Parenthood. New Zealand Woman's Weekly, 30-32. Thomson, A. (2002, Tuesday 9 February). Happiness is a job down south. New Zealand Herald, p. 1. Tomkiewicz, J., & K. Bass. (2003). Attitudes Toward Women and Management Attributes: An Update. International Journal of Management, 20(1), 62-69. Twomey, A. M., M. Linehan, & J. Walsh, S. (2002). Career Progression of young female accountants: Evidence from the Accountancy Profession in Ireland. Journal of European Industrial Training, 26(2/3), 117-124. Vickers, M. H., & M. A. Parris. (2004, 8-11 December). Towards Ending the Silence: Working Women as Carers of Children with Chronic Illness/Disability. Paper presented at the Australia and New Zealand Academy of Management Conference, Dunedin, New Zealand. Vinnicombe, S., & V. Singh. (2003). Locks and Keys to the Boardroom. Women in Management Review, 18(6), 325-333. Wajcman, J. (1998). Managing like a man: Men and women in corporate management. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press. Watson, L., & K. Thomas. (2006, 11 January). Women 'still 200 years behind'. The Press, p.A13. White, B. (1995). The Career Development of Successful Women. Women in Management Review, 10(3), 4-15. Whiting, R. H. (2007). Deinstitutionalization of Gender-Biased Employment Practices in New Zealand's Accountancy Workplaces. Paper presented at the Asia Pacific Interdisciplinary Research in Accounting Conference. from Whiting, R. H. (2008, forthcoming). Chartered Accountants' Work/Family Strategies and Consequences for Career Success. Pacific Accounting Review, 20(1). Whiting, R. H., & C. Wright. (2001). Explaining Gender Inequity in the New Zealand Accounting Profession. British Accounting Review, 33(2), 191-222. Windsor, C., & P. Auyeung. (2006). The effect of gender and dependent children on professional accountants' career progression. Critical Perspectives on Accounting, 17(6), 828-844. Wood, G., & J. Newton. (2006). "Facing the wall" - "equal" opportunity for women in management? Equal Opportunities International, 25(1), 8-24.en_NZ
 Find in your library

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record


*Selected version