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dc.contributor.advisorHayne, Harlene
dc.contributor.authorImuta, Kana
dc.identifier.citationImuta, K. (2012). Exploring Memory Development in 2- to 6-year-old Children (Thesis, Doctor of Philosophy). University of Otago. Retrieved from
dc.description.abstractOver the past 40 years, researchers have extensively studied memory development in young children. While previous studies provide a sketch of early memory development, we must learn more before a complete picture is revealed. In Study 1, I examined the ability of 2-, 3-, and 4-year-old children to use a verbal reminder to cue retrieval of a non-verbal memory. I found that the ability to exploit verbal reminders to cue retrieval is present by 2 years of age. In Study 2, I tested the widely-held belief that field trips provide educational benefits that exceed those of a classroom lesson. Although 5- and 6-year-old children had richer autobiographical memories following the field trip, children of neither age learned or remembered more educational information following the field trip; in fact, under some conditions, they learned and remembered less. Finally, in Study 3, I examined the conditions under which 3-year-olds exhibit delay of gratification. Taken together, the studies in this thesis explore some of the remarkable developments that are thought to take place between 2 and 6 years of age.
dc.publisherUniversity of Otago
dc.rightsAll items in OUR Archive are provided for private study and research purposes and are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectDelay of Gratification
dc.subjectChild Development
dc.subjectField trips
dc.subjectLevels x Levels design
dc.titleExploring Memory Development in 2- to 6-year-old Children
dc.language.rfc3066en of Psychology of Philosophy of Otago
otago.openaccessAbstract Only
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