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dc.contributor.advisorBrooking, Tom
dc.contributor.advisorStocker, Mark
dc.contributor.advisorTrapeznik, Alexanderen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDavis, George Frederick
dc.date.available2010-06-28T23:50:38Z
dc.date.copyright2009
dc.identifier.citationDavis, G. F. (2009). Anzac Day meanings and memories : New Zealand, Australian and Turkish perspectives on a day of commemoration in the twentieth century (Thesis, Doctor of Philosophy). University of Otago. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10523/342en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10523/342
dc.description.abstractThis study examines the changing perceptions of Anzac Day in New Zealand, Australia and Turkey in the twentieth century. Changing interpretations of Anzac Day reflect social and political changes in the nations over that time. Anzac Day is an annual commemoration which has profound significance in the Australian and New Zealand social landscape. It has undergone significant changes of meaning since it began, and may be regarded as being an example of the changeable script of memory. The thesis argues that memory and landscape intersect to influence the way commemorative gestures are interpreted. Personal and community memories are fluid, influenced by the current historical landscape. This means that each successive Anzac Day can have different connotations. The public perception of these connotations is traced for each of New Zealand, Australia and Turkey. Anzac Day reflects the forces at work in the current historical landscape. Within that landscape it has different meanings and also functions as an arena for individual and community agency. On Anzac Day there are parades and services which constitute a public theatre where communities validate military service. Individual and communal feats are held high and an ethic or myth is placed as a model within the social fabric. Anzac Day is contested and reflects tides of opinion about war and society and the role of women. It is also the locale of quiet, personal contemplation, where central family attachments to the loved and lost and the debt owed by civilian communities to the military are expressed. Generational change has redefined its meanings and functions. Anzac Day was shaped in a contemporary historical landscape. It reflected multi-national perspectives within British Empire and Commonwealth countries and Turkey. For Turkey the day represented a developing friendship with former foes and was couched within Onsekiz Mart Zaferi, a celebration of the Çanakkale Savaşlari 1915 victory in the Dardanelles campaign. As Anzac Day evolved, Turkey, the host country for New Zealand and Australian pilgrims, became the focus of world attention on the day. Gallipoli is now universally recognised as the international shrine for Anzac Day.en_NZ
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.publisherUniversity of Otago
dc.rightshttp://www.otago.ac.nz/administration/policies/otago003228.htmlen_NZ
dc.rightsAll items in OUR Archive are provided for private study and research purposes and are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.rights.urihttp://www.otago.ac.nz/administration/policies/otago003228.html
dc.subjectAnzac Dayen_NZ
dc.subjectWorld War, 1914-1918 New Zealand Anniversariesen_NZ
dc.subjectWorld War, 1914-1918 Australia Anniversariesen_NZ
dc.subjectWorld War, 1914-1918 Turkey Anniversariesen_NZ
dc.subjectWorld War, 1914-1918 Campaigns Turkey Gallipoli Peninsulaen_NZ
dc.subjectWorld War, 1914-1918 Battlefields Turkey Gallipoli Peninsulaen_NZ
dc.subjectSoldiers New Zealand History 20th centuryen_NZ
dc.subjectSoldiers Australia History 20th centuryen_NZ
dc.subjectSoldiers Turkey History 20th centuryen_NZ
dc.subjectWar and societyen_NZ
dc.titleAnzac Day meanings and memories : New Zealand, Australian and Turkish perspectives on a day of commemoration in the twentieth centuryen_NZ
dc.typeThesis
dc.date.updated2010-06-24T00:47:50Z
thesis.degree.disciplineHistoryen_NZ
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyen_NZ
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Otagoen_NZ
thesis.degree.levelDoctoral Thesesen_NZ
otago.openaccessOpen
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