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dc.contributor.advisorFielding, David
dc.contributor.authorSchmid, Daniel Josef
dc.date.available2013-03-03T20:56:31Z
dc.date.copyright2013
dc.identifier.citationSchmid, D. J. (2013). Shedding light on aid: Using night lights to analyse the effectiveness of geocoded aid in Malawi (Thesis, Master of Business). University of Otago. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10523/3751en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10523/3751
dc.description.abstractThis thesis uses two unique microeconomic datasets to analyse the effectiveness of foreign aid on economic activity, where economic activity is measured using night light intensity. First, I create an innovative night lights panel dataset for Malawi from 2005 to 2010. This dataset extracts individual pixel values from stable night light images captured from the Defense Meteorological Satellite Programme - Operational Linescan System (DMSP-OLS). The individual pixel values are then summed together in each town or village to represent a proxy for economic activity. Second, I use a dataset created by AidData that includes foreign aid projects in Malawi. This second dataset is geocoded, which means that longitude and latitude coordinates are attached to each aid project. Using ArcGIS 10, I overlay the geocoded aid projects on the stable night light images. This allows for analysis to be conducted at the town or village level. I use both a random effects panel model and a spatial dynamic panel model, with a GMM estimator for the spatial dynamic panel model. I find that completed aid projects have a significant impact on the night light intensity in a town or village. The results with respect to the effectiveness of aid on night light intensity are sensitive to the type of econometric technique employed. In addition, I find a negative precipitation coefficient in a random effects panel model, which suggests that towns or villages with more cloud cover are associated with lower night light intensity levels. Finally, I find a negative spatial correlation in night light intensity between neighbouring towns or villages. This suggests that there is some form of mobility present with regards to commerce or resources.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherUniversity of Otago
dc.rightsAll items in OUR Archive are provided for private study and research purposes and are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectForeign Aid
dc.subjectGeocoded
dc.subjectArcGIS
dc.subjectDefense Meteorological Satellite Programme - Operational Linescan System
dc.subjectStable Night Lights
dc.subjectSpatial Dynamic Panel Model
dc.subjectGeneralised Method of Moments
dc.subjectMalawi
dc.titleShedding light on aid: Using night lights to analyse the effectiveness of geocoded aid in Malawi
dc.typeThesis
dc.date.updated2013-03-03T01:59:16Z
dc.language.rfc3066en
thesis.degree.disciplineEconomics
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Business
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Otago
thesis.degree.levelMasters
otago.interloanyes
otago.openaccessOpen
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