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dc.contributor.authorBerg, Nathan
dc.contributor.authorGabel, Todd
dc.identifier.citationBerg, N., & Gabel, T. (2013). Effects of New Welfare Reform Strategies on Welfare Participation: Microdata Estimates from Canada (Department of Economics Discussion Paper Series No. 1304). University of Otago. Retrieved from
dc.description.abstractThis paper introduces newly coded information describing province- and year-specific variation in work requirements, diversion, earning exemptions, and time limits. This new information reveals a large decline in the chance of welfare participation of at least 1.1 percentage points (9.2% relative to the unconditional mean rate of participation) associated with stringent combinations of those four new welfare reforms, even after controlling for benefit levels, eligibility requirements, province-specific GDP growth and unemployment. These results replicate previous findings based on aggregate data and extend them with controls for individual-level characteristics. Microdata with individual-level characteristics enable estimates of the effects of new welfare reforms on 46 subpopulations, suggesting that immigrants, native Canadians, single parents and disabled people were far more effected by provinces' aggressive new attempts to limit welfare participation than other Canadians receiving social assistance.en_NZ
dc.publisherUniversity of Otagoen_NZ
dc.relation.ispartofseriesEconomics Discussion Papers Seriesen_NZ
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 New Zealand*
dc.subjectSocial Assistanceen_NZ
dc.subjectWork Requirements
dc.subjectEarnings Exemptions
dc.subjectTime Limits
dc.subjectNatural Experiments
dc.titleEffects of New Welfare Reform Strategies on Welfare Participation: Microdata Estimates from Canadaen_NZ
dc.typeDiscussion Paperen_NZ
otago.schoolOtago Business School / Department of Economicsen_NZ
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Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 New Zealand
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 New Zealand