Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorHayne, Harlene
dc.contributor.authorGardiner, Beatrix Thea
dc.identifier.citationGardiner, B. T. (2013). Adolescent Risk-Taking: The Validity of Stoplight as a Laboratory-Based Measure (Thesis, Master of Arts). University of Otago. Retrieved from
dc.description.abstractAdolescence is a developmental period characterised by an increase in behaviours such as drinking, smoking, drug taking, dangerous driving, and unprotected sex. These risk-taking behaviours can lead to serious psychological and physical consequences. Laboratory-based analogues of risk-taking behaviour provide an opportunity to assess risk-taking in a controlled context. The goal of the present study was to assess the validity of the recently-revised Chicken game, Stoplight, as a laboratory-based measure of risk-taking. To do this, we examined the relations between Stoplight, the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART), personality, and previous real-life risk-taking behaviour, in a sample of adolescents (aged 16- to 17-years old) and emerging adults (aged 18- to 20 years-old). Our results showed that, after age and sex, personality was the largest predictor of real-life risk-taking behaviour. Personality correlated with prosocial and antisocial risk-taking behaviour, but prosocial and antisocial risk-taking behaviour did not correlate with each other. This result suggests that prosocial risk-taking is an alternative outlet to antisocial risk-taking for individuals with high risk-seeking personalities. Risky game-play on Stoplight was associated with real-life antisocial risk-taking behaviour, but this association was no longer significant once age, sex, and personality were taken into account. BART performance was correlated with prosocial risk-taking behaviour but this association was no longer significant once sex and personality were taken into account. The results of this study have implications for measuring risk-taking behaviour in the laboratory, and for current public policies surrounding risk-taking behaviours in young people in New Zealand.
dc.publisherUniversity of Otago
dc.rightsAll items in OUR Archive are provided for private study and research purposes and are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectBalloon Analogue Risk Task
dc.titleAdolescent Risk-Taking: The Validity of Stoplight as a Laboratory-Based Measure
dc.language.rfc3066en of Arts of Otago
otago.openaccessAbstract Only
 Find in your library

Files in this item


There are no files associated with this item.

This item is not available in full-text via OUR Archive.

If you would like to read this item, please apply for an inter-library loan from the University of Otago via your local library.

If you are the author of this item, please contact us if you wish to discuss making the full text publicly available.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record