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dc.contributor.advisorWhite, K. Geoff
dc.contributor.authorCalder, Amanda Jane
dc.identifier.citationCalder, A. J. (2013). Consolidation in Short-Term Remembering in Humans and Non-human Animals (Thesis, Master of Science). University of Otago. Retrieved from
dc.description.abstractIn a major review of research on human memory over the last century, Wixted (2004) argued that forgetting is caused by consolidation failure due to interference before enough time has passed for the memories to consolidate. Previous studies with humans and non-human animals have reported evidence for consolidation only with intermediate or long-term memory. The present study examined whether consolidation can be demonstrated in short-term memory. In a short-term memory task, human participants were more accurate when interference occurred at the end of the retention interval than when interference occurred early in the retention interval. That is, consolidation was evident in human short-term memory. In an analogous task for pigeons, delayed matching to sample accuracy was reduced when interference (an extraneous task or house-light illumination) was interpolated in the retention interval. In the task for pigeons, however, accuracy was not greater when the house-light was illuminated at the end of the retention interval compared to when it was illuminated at the beginning. That is, there was no evidence for consolidation in short-term memory for pigeons. The results were discussed in relation to temporal distinctiveness theory as an alternative to consolidation.
dc.publisherUniversity of Otago
dc.rightsAll items in OUR Archive are provided for private study and research purposes and are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectShort-term memory
dc.subjectDelayed Matching to Sample
dc.subjectTemporal Distinctiveness
dc.subjectRetroactive Interference
dc.titleConsolidation in Short-Term Remembering in Humans and Non-human Animals
dc.language.rfc3066en of Science of Otago
otago.openaccessAbstract Only
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