Now showing items 261-280 of 437

  • Maori disadvantage in the labour market 

    Alexander, W Robert J; Murat, Genc; Jaforullah, Mohammad
    This paper is a preliminary report on research that is ongoing. Using unit record data from Statistics New Zealand's Income Survey for the June quarters of 1997 to 1999, we estimate wage regressions taking into account the ...
  • Mapping Medieval and Modern Chauvinism in England 

    Fielding, David
    There is evidence for the long-run persistence of geographical variation in tolerance towards other ethnicities. However, existing studies of tolerance use data from countries with long-standing patterns of ethnic diversity, ...
  • Market integration, choice of technology and welfare 

    Hansen, Jørgen Drud; Nielsen, Jørgen Ulff-Møller
    This paper develops an international trade model where firms in a duopoly may diversify their technologies for strategic reasons. The firms face the same set of technologies given by a trade-off between marginal costs and ...
  • Marketing Faculty & Ph.D. Supervision: A House Divided 

    Hamlin, Robert Philip
    This article examines the issue of logical paradigms in Ph.D. supervision. It notes that Ph.D. supervision in Marketing is sharply divided into two main schools of thought as to how theory should be developed via the ...
  • Māori health state preferences: a pilot study 

    Perkins, Matthew R V; Devlin, Nancy J; Hansen, Paul
    Objective: To pilot research of potential differences between Māori and non-Māori in their health state preferences and to investigate the adequacy of a standard valuation instrument’s — the EQ-5D’s — representation of ...
  • Measurement of database systems: an empirical study 

    MacDonell, Stephen; Shepperd, Martin; Sallis, Philip
    There is comparatively little work, other than function points, that tackles the problem of building prediction systems for software that is dominated by data considerations, in particular systems developed using 4GLs. We ...
  • Measuring aid effectively in tests of aid effectiveness 

    Fielding, David; Knowles, Stephen
    In the extensive empirical literature on aid effectiveness, aid is always measured as a share of GDP. However, measuring aid in real dollars per capita is also consistent with standard growth theory. We show that the choice ...
  • Measuring Parity in Sports Leagues with Draws: Further Comments 

    Owen, P. Dorian
    This paper re-examines the calculation of the relative standard deviation (RSD) measure of competitive balance in leagues in which draws are possible outcomes. Some key conclusions emerging from the exchange between ...
  • Measuring regional welfare considering natural and cultural resources 

    Lundgren, Tommy
    The aim of this paper is to explore some of the theoretical aspects of measuring welfare in regional economies using a simple dynamic growth model. The focus is on natural and cultural resources, which are treated as capital ...
  • A membership function selection method for fuzzy neural networks 

    Zhou, Qing Qing; Purvis, Martin; Kasabov, Nikola
    Fuzzy neural networks provide for the extraction of fuzzy rules from artificial neural network architectures. In this paper we describe a general method, based on statistical analysis of the training data, for the selection ...
  • Migration Fears, Policy Uncertainty and Economic Activity 

    Fraser, Tom; Ungor, Murat
    Motivated by the recent European migrant crisis, Brexit, and President Trump's immigration priorities, we provide new evidence into how migration fears and migration policy uncertainty affect macroeconomic outcomes across ...
  • Mixed Reality Experience Questionnaire (MREQ) -Reference 

    Regenbrecht, Holger; Botella, Cristina; Baños, Rosa; Schubert, Thomas
    The Mixed Reality Experience Questionnaire (MREQ) is designed to be used as a measure of a user's sense of presence and their general experienced perception of an Augmented Reality, Virtual Reality, or Augmented Virtuality ...
  • A Model of Competition Between Multinational Firms 

    Koska, Onur
    This study focuses on the theory of how multinational firms choose their entry modes between alternative options (i.e., trade, green field investment, or acquisition). In a comprehensive model of strategic decision-making ...
  • A model of outsourcing and foreign direct investment 

    Stähler, Frank
    This paper presents a model in which two firms may use foreign direct investment or outsourcing in order to reduce the production cost of an intermediate input. Outsourcing requires training which is costly and creates a ...
  • Modelling and monitoring interdependent expectations 

    Cranefield, Stephen; Winikoff, Michael; Vasconcelos, Wamberto
    Previous research on modelling and monitoring norms, contracts and commitments has studied the semantics of concepts such as obligation, permission, prohibition and commitment; languages for expressing behavioural constraints ...
  • Modelling semantic context for novelty detection in wildlife scenes 

    Yong, Suet-Peng; Deng, Jeremiah D.; Purvis, Martin K.
    Novelty detection is an important functionality that has found many applications in information retrieval and processing. In this paper we propose a novel framework that deals with novelty detection for multiple-scene image ...
  • Modelling the Effects of Socio-Economic Characteristics on Survey Trust: Empirical Evidence from Cameroon 

    Etang, Alvin
    A large number of studies have used both an economic experiment and surveys to measure trust. There is some evidence in the literature on how behaviour in the experiment is related to socio-economic characteristics (for ...
  • Modelling the emergence of speech sound categories in evolving connectionist systems 

    Taylor, John; Kasabov, Nikola; Kilgour, Richard
    We report on the clustering of nodes in internally represented acoustic space. Learners of different languages partition perceptual space distinctly. Here, an Evolving Connectionist-Based System (ECOS) is used to model the ...
  • Modifications to Smith’s method for deriving normalised relations from a functional dependency diagram 

    Stanger, Nigel
    Smith’s method is a formal technique for deriving a set of normalised relations from a functional dependency diagram (FDD). Smith’s original rules for deriving these relations are incomplete, as they do not fully address ...