Now showing items 290-309 of 437

  • National environmental performance: a cross-sectional analysis 

    Grafton, R Quentin; Knowles, Stephen
    Using cross-country data from a sample of low, middle and high-income countries, the paper explores the empirical relationships between national measures of social capital (civic and public), social divergence and social ...
  • Naturalistic decision making in emergency ambulance command and control 

    Wong, B L William; Blandford, Ann
    This paper reports on a field study into the nature of decision making in the command and control of emergency ambulances at the London Ambulance Service (LAS). This paper will describe how real-time decisions are made by ...
  • Neuro-fuzzy engineering for spatial information processing 

    Kasabov, Nikola; Purvis, Martin; Zhang, Feng; Benwell, George L
    This paper proposes neuro-fuzzy engineering as a novel approach to spatial data analysis and for building decision making systems based on spatial information processing, and the development of this approach by the authors ...
  • Neuro-fuzzy methods for environmental modelling 

    Purvis, Martin; Kasabov, Nikola; Benwell, George L; Zhou, Qing Qing; Zhang, Feng
    This paper describes combined approaches of data preparation, neural network analysis, and fuzzy inferencing techniques (which we collectively call neuro-fuzzy engineering) to the problem of environmental modelling. The ...
  • A new institutional perspective on alternative governance mechanisms at the local government level 

    Wallis, Joe; Dollery, Brian
    The "new institutional economics" (NIE) can go a long way toward comprehending the emerging complexities of local government. As local bodies seek to forge collaborative partnerships with other organizations, they have to ...
  • New Reform Strategies and Welfare Participation in Canada 

    Berg, Nathan; Gabel, Todd
    This paper measures the extent to which declines in Canadian welfare participation were associated with novel and aggressive welfare reforms. Referred to as new reform strategies, these welfare policy variables are: work ...
  • A New Test of Ricardian Equivalence Using the Narrative Record on Tax Changes 

    Haug, Alfred
    This paper empirically tests the Ricardian equivalence hypothesis with a narrative measure of tax shocks. The present value, at the time of legislation,for tax increases motivated solely by concerns for improving the ...
  • A new tool for creating personal and social EQ-5D-5L value sets, including valuing ‘dead’ 

    Sullivan, Trudy; Hansen, Paul; Ombler, Franz; Derrett, Sarah; Devlin, Nancy
    A new online tool for creating personal and social EQ-5D-5L value sets was recently developed and trialled in New Zealand (NZ). Health state values for each participant are determined using the PAPRIKA method – in the ...
  • New Zealand: The Last Bastion of Textbook Open-economy Macroeconomics 

    Fielding, David
    Recent empirical research into the macroeconomic effects of fiscal policy shocks has generated a ‘puzzle’. Both Keynesian and Real Business Cycle models predict that a fiscal expansion will lead to a real exchange rate ...
  • Newspapers and advertising: The effects of ad-valorem taxation under duopoly. 

    Kind, Hans Jarle; Schjelderup, Guttorm; Stähler, Frank
    Newspapers are two-sided platforms that sell their product both to readers and advertisers. Media firms in general, and newspapers in particular, are considered important providers of information, culture and language in ...
  • Norm identification in multi-agent societies 

    Savarimuthu, Bastin Tony Roy; Cranefield, Stephen; Purvis, Maryam A.; Purvis, Martin K.
    In normative multi-agent systems, the question of “how an agent identifies a norm in an agent society” has not received much attention. This paper aims at addressing this question. To this end, this paper proposes an ...
  • Norm learning in multi-agent societies 

    Savarimuthu, Bastin Tony Roy
    In Normative Multi-Agent Systems (NorMAS), researchers have investigated several mechanisms for agents to learn norms. In the context of agents learning norms, the objectives of the paper are three-fold. First, this paper ...
  • Number of bidders and the winner’s curse 

    Peeters, Ronald; Tenev, Anastas P.
    Within an affiliated value auction setting, we study the relationship between the number of bidders and the winner’s curse in terms of its occurrence and its expected harm. From a design perspective, we find that both ...
  • The NZDIS project: An agent-based distributed information systems architecture 

    Purvis, Martin; Cranefield, Stephen; Bush, Geoff; Carter, Dan; McKinlay, Bryce; Nowostawski, Mariusz; Ward, Roy
    This paper describes an architecture for building distributed information systems from existing information resources, based on distributed object and software agent technologies. This architecture is being developed as ...
  • An object repository model for the storage of spatial metadata 

    Cockcroft, Sophie
    The design of spatial information systems has traditionally been carried out independently of mainstream database developments. It is contended that the adoption of mainstream database design techniques is important to ...
  • The occupational distribution of Maori 1997-2000 

    Sutherland, Hilary J; Alexander, W Robert J
    We focus on one aspect of labour market discrimination in New Zealand, namely occupational segregation. Using unit record data from Statistics New Zealand’s 1997 to 2000 Income Surveys and controlling for productivity ...
  • Oil Prices, Exchange Rates and Emerging Stock Markets 

    Basher, Syed Abul; Haug, Alfred A.; Sadorsky, Perry
    While two different streams of literature exist investigating 1) the relationship between oil prices and emerging market stock prices and 2) oil prices and exchange rates, relatively little is known about the relationship ...
  • On marine reserves: rents, resilience and ‘Rules of thumb’ 

    Grafton, R Quentin; Van Ha, Pham; Kompas, Tom
    Using a bioeconomic model with two separate forms of uncertainty (a diffusion process and a jump process) a perturbation method is used to determine optimal reserve size for a harvested population with density-dependent ...
  • On Real Interest Rate Persistence: The Role of Breaks 

    Haug, Alfred
    The role of structural breaks in long spans of ex-post real interest rates for ten industrialized countries is studied. First, the persistence of the real interest is assessed with newly proposed low-frequency tests of ...
  • On the testability of BDI agent systems 

    Winikoff, Michael; Cranefield, Stephen
    Before deploying a software system we need to assure ourselves (and stake-holders) that the system will behave correctly. This assurance is usually done by testing the system. However, it is intuitively obvious that adaptive ...