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dc.contributor.advisorNapper, Ruth
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Caine Christopher
dc.date.available2013-11-11T03:14:51Z
dc.date.copyright2013
dc.identifier.citationSmith, C. C. (2013). Temporal Changes in the Expression of BAX and BCL-2, and the Sub-regional Vulnerability to Cellular Apoptosis after a Binge-like Ethanol Exposure in the Developing Rattus norvegicus Hippocampus (Thesis, Master of Science). University of Otago. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10523/4415en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10523/4415
dc.description.abstractExposure to ethanol in utero can result in life-long disability. Ethanol is neurotoxic, and exposure of high doses during development results in widespread cell death. A particular brain region of interest that is affected is the hippocampus, which has implications in learning and memory. The present study uses a rat model of binge-like drinking, during the third trimester-equivalent stage of neural development of humans, to investigate cell death in the hippocampus. The optical fractionator method was used to estimate total acute apoptotic cell death in the CA1, CA3, and DG sub-regions of the hippocampus. Rat pups were given ethanol on PN6 and PN8, or on PN8 only, and tissue was collected 12 hours after the last ethanol exposure. Furthermore, relative expression of apoptotic proteins Bcl-2 and Bax was measured in the CA1/DG and CA3 sub-regions 12, 24, and 48 hours after ethanol exposure on PN6. These experiments showed significant cell death in all sub-regions of the hippocampus after a single, exposure on PN8 only, with a lot less cell death following a PN8 exposure, which was preceded by a PN6 exposure. The Bcl-2:Bax ratio significantly increased at the 24 hour time point, and returned back to control levels by 48 hours. The results suggest that a prior ethanol exposure may affect subsequent acute apoptotic cell death induced by ethanol, perhaps by a protective mechanism as the Bcl-2:Bax ratio increases at 24 hours. This study increases our understanding of apoptotic cell death as a consequence of binge drinking during the third trimester equivalent of human foetal development.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherUniversity of Otago
dc.rightsAll items in OUR Archive are provided for private study and research purposes and are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectAlcohol
dc.subjectFAS
dc.subjectFASD
dc.subjectEthanol
dc.subjectBinge-drink
dc.subjectApoptosis
dc.subjectHippocampus
dc.titleTemporal Changes in the Expression of BAX and BCL-2, and the Sub-regional Vulnerability to Cellular Apoptosis after a Binge-like Ethanol Exposure in the Developing Rattus norvegicus Hippocampus
dc.typeThesis
dc.date.updated2013-11-11T02:23:41Z
dc.language.rfc3066en
thesis.degree.disciplineAnatomy
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Science
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Otago
thesis.degree.levelMasters
otago.openaccessOpen
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