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dc.contributor.advisorVenn, Bernard
dc.contributor.authorYuan, Jannie Yi Fang
dc.date.available2014-03-13T19:45:56Z
dc.date.copyright2014
dc.identifier.citationYuan, J. Y. F. (2014). Effect of functional fibre on postprandial glycaemia in healthy people (Thesis, Master of Dietetics). University of Otago. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10523/4665en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10523/4665
dc.description.abstractBackground: The removal of fibre from wholegrain foods may have contributed to the diabetes epidemic. Functional fibres may be an effective alternative to intrinsic food fibres for helping individuals add more fibre back into their diet. However, inconsistent results combined with underpowered studies in this field, in particular for insoluble and mixed functional fibres, have made its association with glycaemia and hence potential health benefits unclear. Objective: To determine the effects of a predominately insoluble functional fibre, fruit fibre (FF), and a mixed functional fibre containing different soluble and insoluble polysaccharides, FibreMaxTM (FM), on postprandial glycaemia. Methods: In a double-blinded design consisting of a pair of randomised crossover trials, 80 participants consumed a control bread, and either a bread enriched with 10g of FF (n=37), or a bread enriched with 10g of FM (n=43). Capillary blood glucose was measured at 0, 30, 45, 60, 90, and 120 minutes. Results: The consumption of FF bread reduced postprandial glucose incremental area under the curve (IAUC) by 35% (95% CI 13, 51), P=0.004. The FM bread reduced postprandial glucose IAUC by 43% (95% CI 17, 61), P=0.004. Compared to their controls, both fibre-enriched breads significantly decreased incremental peak blood glucose, which appeared to occur at 45 minutes, by 0.5mmol/l (95% CI 0.2, 0.9), P=0.004 for FF and 0.9mmol/l (95% CI 0.5, 1.3), P≤0.001 for FM. Conclusion: If the glycaemic results are more generalisable to a population with impaired glucose tolerance, then enriching bread with supplemental fibre may be a useful strategy to help manage blood glucose.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherUniversity of Otago
dc.rightsAll items in OUR Archive are provided for private study and research purposes and are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectglycaemia
dc.subjectdietary fibre
dc.subjectfibre
dc.subjectblood glucose
dc.subjectpostprandial
dc.subjectfunctional fibre
dc.subjectsupplemental fibre
dc.titleEffect of functional fibre on postprandial glycaemia in healthy people
dc.typeThesis
dc.date.updated2014-03-13T03:43:29Z
dc.language.rfc3066en
thesis.degree.disciplineHuman Nutrition
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Dietetics
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Otago
thesis.degree.levelMasters
otago.interloanyes
otago.openaccessAbstract Only
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