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dc.contributor.advisorChisholm, Alex
dc.contributor.advisorGorton, Delvina
dc.contributor.authorKeddell, Hannah
dc.date.available2014-04-01T20:24:23Z
dc.date.copyright2014
dc.identifier.citationKeddell, H. (2014). A demonstration of how the Healthy Heart visual food guide can be affordably used by low-income families in New Zealand (Thesis, Master of Health Sciences). University of Otago. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10523/4745en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10523/4745
dc.description.abstractBackground: The New Zealand National Heart Foundation developed the Healthy Heart visual food guide to aid New Zealanders in selecting a healthy diet. The visual food guide conveys a balance and proportion of foods, based on the recommended volume of each food group. The main component of the Healthy Heart thus consists of a large volume of fruits and vegetables, equivalent to seven servings per day. This quantity is perceived by some health professionals to be unaffordable for low-income families subsisting on $150.00 per week (1). Objective: This study aimed to demonstrate how the Healthy Heart visual food guide can be used practically to provide a healthy and affordable diet that caters to different ethnic backgrounds within a budget typically available to a low-income family. Design: A meal plan was developed that covered breakfast, lunch, dinner and snacks for a family of four (two adults, two children) for a seven-day period. Two culturally appropriate dinner options were provided for both Pacific and Māori groups. FoodWorks Professional 7.0 was used to measure the macronutrient and micronutrient content of the meal plan as per the Nutrient Reference Values (NRV) for New Zealand and Australia. The meal plan was costed using the Menucoster programme to ensure that it could be purchased within a budget of $150.00. The food prices available on Menucoster were then checked against prices available at three Pak’nSave supermarkets and three independent fruit and vegetable outlets located in close proximity to the supermarkets. This food prices among the supermarkets and outlets were then averaged for each respective meal plan. Results: Each meal plan met the nutritional requirements, with the exception of iodine, which was only met by the Maori dinner meals. The iodine provided by the other meal plans ranged from 55-65% of recommended requirements. All meal plans were costed within the budget of $150.00. Conclusions: A healthy diet consistent with the Healthy Heart visual food guide can be purchased on a low-income budget if fresh fruit and vegetables are purchased from a cheaper alternative outlet to the supermarket, such as an Asian fruit and vegetable store, or another independent fruit and vegetable outlet.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherUniversity of Otago
dc.rightsAll items in OUR Archive are provided for private study and research purposes and are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectHealthy Heart visual food guide
dc.subjectMeal plan development
dc.subjectFood affordability
dc.subjectLow income families
dc.subjectNew Zealand
dc.subjectCardio-protective diet
dc.titleA demonstration of how the Healthy Heart visual food guide can be affordably used by low-income families in New Zealand
dc.typeThesis
dc.date.updated2014-04-01T08:05:45Z
dc.language.rfc3066en
thesis.degree.disciplineHuman Nutrition
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Dietetics
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Otago
thesis.degree.levelMasters
otago.openaccessOpen
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