Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorBrooking, Tom
dc.contributor.advisorTrapeznik, Alexander
dc.contributor.authorHarland, Jill
dc.identifier.citationHarland, J. (2014). The Orcadian Odyssey: The Migration of Orkney Islanders to New Zealand 1848-1914 with particular reference to the South Island (Thesis, Doctor of Philosophy). University of Otago. Retrieved from
dc.description.abstractNew Zealand is a relatively young country when a comparison is made on early settlement patterns and trends for Australia and Canada. As a consequence, historiography focusing on the mid-nineteenth and early twentieth centuries reflects the dominance of significant numbers of pioneer settlers from England, Scotland and Ireland. The focus for some time has been on quantitative studies that provide a clearer perspective on migrants who were an integral part of the diaspora by virtue of their sheer numbers and mass exodus from the homeland. It is therefore, not surprising that small cluster groups from Orkney and to a lesser extent Shetland in northern Scotland, have ‘slipped through the net’ of Scottish migration studies. This dissertation aims to readdress this oversight and bridge the lacuna that exists for all aspects of Orcadian migration and settlement in the South Island of New Zealand while also providing relevant evidence for Shetland and the Scottish mainland. A decision was also made by the author to include contrastive chapters on both Australia and North America to further develop the Orcadian experience of migration in the nineteenth century. In part this is a restorative history that celebrates the valuable contributions made by kinship cluster groups from Orkney to New Zealand’s early infrastructure. For this purpose a qualitative, longitudinal study was adopted that reflects the contemporary focus for transnational research in preference to the now outdated analysis of diasporic consciousness. Using the contemporary multi-faceted definition of diaspora, does not effectively describe the Orcadian experience. The migration of Orkney men and women over multiple colonial destinations can more accurately and sensitively be interpreted as an odyssey, due also to the multiple geographical locations undertaken prior to final destination. The relatively new discipline of Island Studies has also enabled archipelagos such as Orkney and Shetland to be compared to each other rather than to nearby countries and land masses. The latter has revealed the existence of individual island loyalties that transcend both time and place and provide for more accurate interpretation of migratory patterns adopted in the new settlement. Kinship membership and affiliation, intensified by intermarriage between and within Orcadian families, allowed for the migration of small cluster groups to colonial destinations that were totally dependent on continued chain migration.
dc.publisherUniversity of Otago
dc.rightsAll items in OUR Archive are provided for private study and research purposes and are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectNew Zealand settlement
dc.subjectisland study
dc.subjectNew Zealand migration
dc.subjectOrkney history
dc.subjectScottish history
dc.subjectShetland migration
dc.subjectCaithness migration
dc.subjectNew Zealand South Island
dc.subjectNew Zealand pioneers
dc.subjectcomparative New Zealand Australia migration
dc.subjectOrcadians North America
dc.titleThe Orcadian Odyssey: The Migration of Orkney Islanders to New Zealand 1848-1914 with particular reference to the South Island
dc.language.rfc3066en and Art History of Philosophy of Otago
otago.openaccessAbstract Only
 Find in your library

Files in this item


There are no files associated with this item.

This item is not available in full-text via OUR Archive.

If you are the author of this item, please contact us if you wish to discuss making the full text publicly available.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record