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dc.contributor.advisorGarthwaite, John
dc.contributor.advisorHannah, Robert
dc.contributor.authorBray, Chloe Francesca Delia
dc.date.available2014-09-22T21:45:16Z
dc.date.copyright2014
dc.identifier.citationBray, C. F. D. (2014). Aspects of the Moon in Ancient Egypt, the Near East and Greece (Thesis, Master of Arts). University of Otago. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10523/4989en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10523/4989
dc.description.abstractThis study discusses the various perceptions of the Moon in pre-Hellenistic Egypt, the Bronze Age Near East, and Archaic and Classical Greece. It covers diverse aspects of these cultures including mythology, cult practice, and iconography as well as astronomy and astrology. Its purpose is to investigate whether a common theme can be identified between the lunar ideologies of these cultures. This comparative aspect is approached in consideration of numerous theories and principles concerning the study of cultural exchange. The Near East and Egypt are dealt with independently, and in each culture it is found that the Moon is frequently related to potentially dangerous and liminal activities such as passage into the underworld, birth and events of cosmic disorder. In both cultures, lunar deities play an ambiguous role, as guides and protectors as well as embodiments of the potential danger associated with crossing boundaries. In Greece, there is a conspicuous lack of lunar mythology during the periods of interest; therefore, by comparison with the lunar ideologies of Egypt and the Near East, the possibility is addressed that the goddesses Artemis and Hekate were associated with the Moon earlier than is usually thought. It is found that while Artemis was not significantly associated with the Moon until the fifth century BC, Hekate’s constant similarity to the lunar deities of Egypt and the Near East allows the hypothesis that she was on some level associated with the Moon during the Archaic period. In light of the lunar aspects of Hekate and the lunar gods of Egypt and the Near East, it seems very likely that a common lunar theme existed between these cultures, as the result of cultural exchange and independent observation of the Moon’s visible properties.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherUniversity of Otago
dc.rightsAll items in OUR Archive are provided for private study and research purposes and are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectClassics
dc.subjectMythology
dc.subjectMoon
dc.subjectHekate
dc.subjectArtemis
dc.subjectThoth
dc.subjectNear East
dc.subjectEgypt
dc.subjectlunar
dc.subjectDeities
dc.subjectKhons
dc.subjectAncient Astrology
dc.titleAspects of the Moon in Ancient Egypt, the Near East and Greece
dc.typeThesis
dc.date.updated2014-09-22T05:44:39Z
dc.language.rfc3066en
thesis.degree.disciplineClassics
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Arts
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Otago
thesis.degree.levelMasters
otago.interloanno
otago.openaccessAbstract Only
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