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dc.contributor.authorSchaaf, Michelle Ren_NZ
dc.date.available2014-11-10T20:16:21Z
dc.date.copyright2005en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationSchaaf, M. R. (2005). Pacific Island women, body image and sport. Presented at the World Indigenous Peoples’ Conference on Education.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10523/5134
dc.description.abstractThis article analyses the representation of Pacific women from an Orientalist theoretical framework. The analysis traces prominent representations of Pacific women within early colonial and Christian discourses, and dominant representations since colonisation. Included in this analysis is a discussion of the fantasy of Western men, that is, of the ‘easy’ Pacific women. One of the central arguments of this article is that the reality of the ideal Pacific female body-shape from a Pacific perspective is not only in stark contrast to the Western ideal, but is also in variance with the imagined erotic archetype of Western men. To locate this analysis within the contemporary diasporic milieu, case-studies of Pacific women in the sport of netball will be used to determine the impact of Orientalist-like representations of body-shape and erotic fantasy on Pacific women now residing in New Zealand, and to highlight the differences between the Pacific and Western body-shape ideals.en_NZ
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.subjectpacific womenen_NZ
dc.subjectsporten_NZ
dc.subjectcultureen_NZ
dc.subjectraceen_NZ
dc.subjectgenderen_NZ
dc.subjectmichelle schaafen_NZ
dc.subjectpacific woman,en_NZ
dc.subject.lcshHQ The family. Marriage. Womanen_NZ
dc.subject.lcshGV Recreation Leisureen_NZ
dc.subject.lcshH Social Sciences (General)en_NZ
dc.titlePacific Island women, body image and sporten_NZ
dc.typeConference or Workshop Item (Paper)en_NZ
dc.description.versionUnpublisheden_NZ
otago.bitstream.pages9en_NZ
otago.date.accession2006-05-22en_NZ
otago.openaccessOpenen_NZ
dc.identifier.eprintste-tumu9en_NZ
dc.description.refereedFALSEen_NZ
dc.description.referencesSaisoa'a, M. “Ngä hekenga hou: Pacific peoples in Aotearoa/new Zealand”, In T.M. Ka'ai, J.C. Moorfield, M.J.P. Reilly & S. Mosely. (eds.) Ki te Whaiao: An Introduction to Mäori Culture and Society. (Auckland: Longman/Pearson Education NZ Ltd. 2004): 227. 2 FK Pulotu-Endemann and C Peteru, “Beyond the Paradise Myth: Sexuality and identity, “ In C Macpherson, P Spoonley & M Anae (eds.), Tangata o Te Moana Nui The Evolving Identities of Pacific Peoples in Aotearoa/New Zealand. (Palmerston North: Dunmore Press, 2001): 122. 3 M Meleisea & P Schoeffel, “Discovering outsiders,” In D Denoon with S Firth, J Linnekin, M Meleisea and K Nero (eds.), The Cambridge History of The Pacific islanders. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1997): 147. 4 A generic tem to describe the Western approach to the Orient. 5 Homi.K. Bhabha. ‘The Other Question: Stereotype, Discrimination and the Discourse of Colonialism.’ In The Location of Culture, pp. 66-84. London: Routledge, 1994. 7 J Linnekin, “Contending Approaches” in S Firth, J Linnekin, M Meleisea and K Nero (eds.), The Cambridge History of The Pacific Islanders. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1997): 10. 8 J Linnekin, “New political Orders, “ in S Firth, J Linnekin, M Meleisea and K Nero (eds.), The Cambridge History of The Pacific Islanders. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1997): 201. 10 FK Pulotu-Endemann and C Peteru, “Beyond the Paradise Myth: Sexuality and identity, “ In C Macpherson, P Spoonley & M Anae (eds.), Tangata o Te Moana Nui The Evolving Identities of Pacific Peoples in Aotearoa/New Zealand. (Palmerston North: Dunmore Press, 2001): 122 11 B Danielsson, Love in the South Seas. (London: Allen and Unwin 1956): 70. 12 PD Slade, “Invited essay: What is body image?, “ Behaviour ands Research Therapy, 32 (1994), 497-502. 13 PA Metcalf, RKR Scragg, P Williboughby, S Finau & D Tipene-Leach, “Ethnic differences in perceptions of body size in middle-aged European, Maori ad Pacific People living in New Zealand”, International Journal of Obesity, 24, (2000), 593- 599. 14 JY Wilkinson, DI Ben-Tovin & MK Walker, “An insight into the personal and cultural significance of weight and shape in large Samoan women”, International Journal of Obesity, 18, (1994), 602-606., AA Brewis, ST McGarvey & BA Swinburn, “Perceptions of body size in Pacific Islanders”, International Journal of Obesity, 22. (1998) 185-189., P Craig, V Halavatau, E Comino & I Caterson, “Perception of body size in the Tongan community: Differences from and similarities to an Australian sample”, International Journal of Obesity, 23, 1288-1294. 15 Body Mass index is described as weight in kilograms divided by height in metres squared. A BMI between 20-25 is considered to be in the normal range. A BMI of 25- 30 is overweight. Anything over 30 is considered obese. 16 A Brewis, “The accuracy of attractive-body-size-judgement”, Current Anthropology, 40 (1999), 548-553. 17 A Tupuola, “Learning sexuality: Young Samoan women, ” In A Jobes, P Herda & S Tamasailau (eds.) Bitter Sweet Indigenous Women in the Pacific. (Dunedin: University Press 2000) 18 N Van Dijk, “The Hansel and Gretel syndrome: A critique of Houghton’s cold adaptation hypothesis ad alternative model”, New Zealand Journal of Archaeology, 13 (1991): 65-89. 20 F Taule`ale`ausumai, “The word made flesh: A Samoan theology of pastoral care, ” In P Cuthbertson (ed.) Counselling and South Pacific Communities. (Auckland: Accent, 1997) 21 R Michelle Saisoa`a, “Tama`ita`i mai o Moata`a”. (University of Otago, Dunedin: Unpublished MA Thesis, 1999). 22 GC Davision and JM Neale, Abnormal Psychology: Seventh Edition. (New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1998) JY Wilkinson, DL Ben-Tovin & MK Walker, “An insight into the personal and cultural significance of weight and shape in large Samoan women”, International Journal of Obesity, 18 (1994), 602-606.AA Brewis, ST McGarvey & BA Swinburn, “Perceptions of body size in Pacific Islanders”, International Journal of Obesity, 22. (1998) 185-189. 24 AA Brewis, ST McGarvey & BA Swinburn, “Perceptions of body size in Pacific Islanders”, International Journal of Obesity, 22. (1998) 185-189. 25 B Danielsson, Love in the South Seas. (London: Allen and Unwin 1956): 70. 26 GC Davision and JM Neale, Abnormal Psychology: Seventh Edition. (New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1998) 27 Steve McBride cited in Mana the Maori News magazine for all New Zealanders No17 August/September 1997: 24 28 Richard Thompson, Jock Phillips, Geoff Fougere and Keith Sinclair are writer who have written widely on the role of sport in New Zealand. Te`evale, Tasileta. 2001:212 29 Te`evale, Tasileta. 2001:212 31 Netball New Zealand Website http://netballnz.co.nz 32 “First baby delights for TV’s newlywed April” in New Zealand Herald 31.08.2002 33 Cited in Mana the Maori News magazine for all New Zealanders No17 August/September 1997: 25 35 Julie Middleton “fronting up to new life” in New Zealand Herald 12.04.2003 36 “Bernice Mene Calls it Quits” in the Australian women’s Weekly NZ edition February 2002: 8-15 37 “Bernice Mene Calls it Quits” in the Australian women’s Weekly NZ edition February 2002: 10 and 13. 38 Air New Zealand Magazine July 2004:76 39 Julie Ash “Netball: Keeping the enemy at bay” in New Zealand Herald 20.06.2003 41 Sailau sualii-Sauni cited in Mana the Maori News magazine for all New Zealanders No17 August/September : 27en_NZ
otago.event.dates27 Nov - 1 Dec 2005en_NZ
otago.event.placeHamilton, Aotearoa/New Zealanden_NZ
otago.event.typeconferenceen_NZ
otago.event.titleWorld Indigenous Peoples’ Conference on Educationen_NZ
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