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dc.contributor.authorPaterson, Lachlanen_NZ
dc.date.available2014-11-10T20:16:28Z
dc.date.copyright2004-06-23en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationPaterson, L. (2004, June 23). Ngā reo o ngā niupepa: Māori language newspapers 1855-1863 (Thesis, Doctor of Philosophy). Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10523/5144en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10523/5144
dc.descriptionThis thesis is also available in te reo Māori (the Māori language).en_NZ
dc.description.abstractBy 1855, most Māori still lived in a tribal setting, with little official Pākehā interference. This would have been as they expected, exercising their tino rangatiratanga, the chiefly rights guaranteed by the Treaty of Waitangi. However, their world was changing. In an effort to gain Pākehā goods, many Māori had entered the market economy. Most had converted to Christianity. Many could read and write. Some sold land to accommodate the increasing number of Pākehā settlers. These trends gratified the government. It envisaged a New Zealand society dominated by Pākehā, in which European mores would be norm, and where its sovereignty, gained through the Treaty, would be more substantive rather than nominal. At this tme, the government pursued the policy of iwi kotahi (one people) or "amalgamation". The policy included the aim of elevating Māori socially and economically by extending to them the benefits of European civilisation. It sought too to encourage Māori to give up their "waste" lands for Pākehā settlement, and for Māori to accept the rule of English law, and government authority. Ultimately the two races would become one society - a Pākehā-style society. The government used newspapers for disseminating its message to Māori, publishing the bi-lingual Maori Messenger - Te Karere Maori from January 1855 to Spetember 1863. This thesis investigates the government's newspaper, plus other Māori language newspapers appearing within the period, printed by government agents, evangelical Pākehā, the Wesleyan Church, and the rival Māori government, the Kīngitanga. The thesis not only looks at the impact of newspapers upon Māori society and political issues to Māori, including the first Taranaki War, the Kohimarama Conference, and the impending all-out war with the Kīngitanga in Waikato. Using the newspapers as its major source, this thesis seeks to show how Māori might have understood the issues, and where possible, to allow them to respond in their own voices. We are fortunate that for almost a year the Kīngitanga was able to publish its own views in Te Hokioi, thus allowing the anti-government Māori voice to articulate its stand. However, Māori opinion was hardly unitary. The Pākehā-run Māori language newspapers, through reports, reported speeches, and their corrsepondence columns, provide another set of Māori opinions, which show a variety of opinions on political and social issues. Many histories of this period focus on the tensions and conflicts between Crown and Māori, thus marginalising pro-government Māori, the waverers, and those who merely wanted to keep trouble from their door. This thesis endeavours to illuminate the whole colonial discourse as it appeared in the Māori language newspaper, providing a wide range of opinions as possible.en_NZ
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.subjectMaori social historyen_NZ
dc.subjectMaori religious historyen_NZ
dc.subjectMaori political historyen_NZ
dc.subjectMaori legal historyen_NZ
dc.subjectMaori commerce historyen_NZ
dc.subject19th century Maori societyen_NZ
dc.subjectMaori newspapersen_NZ
dc.subjectcolonial discourseen_NZ
dc.subjectrace theoryen_NZ
dc.subjectMaori languageen_NZ
dc.subjecttranslationen_NZ
dc.subjectpropagandaen_NZ
dc.subjectmana and tino rangatiratangaen_NZ
dc.subjectNew Zealand Warsen_NZ
dc.subjectKohimarama Conferenceen_NZ
dc.subjectGov. Thomas Gore Browneen_NZ
dc.subjectGov. Sir George Greyen_NZ
dc.subjectMaori King Movementen_NZ
dc.subject.lcshDU Oceania (South Seas)en_NZ
dc.titleNgā reo o ngā niupepa: Māori language newspapers 1855-1863en_NZ
dc.typeThesisen_NZ
dc.description.versionUnpublisheden_NZ
otago.bitstream.pages372en_NZ
otago.date.accession2006-08-28en_NZ
otago.schoolTe Tumu, School of Maori, Pacific & Indigenous Studiesen_NZ
thesis.degree.disciplineTe Tumu, School of Maori, Pacific & Indigenous Studiesen_NZ
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyen_NZ
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Otagoen_NZ
thesis.degree.levelDoctoralen_NZ
otago.openaccessOpenen_NZ
dc.identifier.eprintste-tumu38en_NZ
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