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dc.contributor.authorSuszko, Abbyen_NZ
dc.date.available2014-11-10T20:16:33Z
dc.date.copyright2005en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationSuszko, A. (2005). Māori Perspectives on the Foreshore and Seabed Debate: A Dunedin Case Study (Dissertation, Bachelor of Arts with Honours). Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10523/5152en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10523/5152
dc.description.abstractOn 19 June 2003, the Court of Appeal ruled that the Māori Land Court had the power to decide foreshore and seabed claims lodged by Māori and to determine ownership. The decision also ruled that the Crown’s assumption of sovereignty was radical and thus it did not extinguish Māori title to land, including the foreshore and seabed. Although not a revolutionary decision, the Court’s ruling launched the nation into a fierce debate, bringing up the issues of beach access and ownership, public interest, customary usage, rights and title, aboriginal, or native, title, Indigenous rights, ‘the public domain’, Crown authority and the Treaty of Waitangi. All these arguments became entwined with political considerations. The mainstream media widely broadcast claims that Māori would restrict access, alienate the foreshore and seabed and veto development, resulting in fear from many Pākehā that they had lost their right to go to the beach. The Government reacted severely, choosing to change the law so to place the foreshore and seabed in Crown hands. Although the mainstream media acknowledged that the majority of Māori were against the proposed legislation, the reasons for this were never explained. Through this dissertation I will show that there is a plethora of reasons for Māori dissension. I also argue that for Māori, the key issues in the debate are not those portrayed in the mainstream media.en_NZ
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.subjectforeshoreen_NZ
dc.subjectseabeden_NZ
dc.subjectforeshore and seabeden_NZ
dc.subjectforeshore and seabed debateen_NZ
dc.subjectcustomary useageen_NZ
dc.subjectcustomary rightsen_NZ
dc.subjectcutomary titleen_NZ
dc.subjectAboriginal rightsen_NZ
dc.subjectAboriginal titleen_NZ
dc.subjectNative titleen_NZ
dc.subjectIndigenous rightsen_NZ
dc.subjectland titleen_NZ
dc.subjectownershipen_NZ
dc.subjectMāori rightsen_NZ
dc.subjectMaori rightsen_NZ
dc.subjectrangatiratangaen_NZ
dc.subjectkaitiakitangaen_NZ
dc.subjectmana whenuaen_NZ
dc.subjectmanawhenuaen_NZ
dc.subjectmana moanaen_NZ
dc.subjectmanamoanaen_NZ
dc.subjecttakutai moanaen_NZ
dc.subjectmediaen_NZ
dc.subjectmainstream mediaen_NZ
dc.subjectCrown titleen_NZ
dc.subjectbeach accessen_NZ
dc.subjectbeach access ownershipen_NZ
dc.subjectpublic interesten_NZ
dc.subjectpublic domainen_NZ
dc.subjectone law for allen_NZ
dc.subjectMaori perspectivesen_NZ
dc.subjectMāori perspectivesen_NZ
dc.subjecthikoien_NZ
dc.subjectpublic accessen_NZ
dc.subjectland confiscationen_NZ
dc.subjectlegislative theften_NZ
dc.subject.lcshK Law (General)en_NZ
dc.titleMāori Perspectives on the Foreshore and Seabed Debate: A Dunedin Case Studyen_NZ
dc.typeDissertationen_NZ
dc.description.versionUnpublisheden_NZ
otago.bitstream.pages129en_NZ
otago.date.accession2007-06-05en_NZ
otago.schoolTe Tumu - School of Māori, Pacific and Indigenous Studiesen_NZ
thesis.degree.disciplineTe Tumu - School of Māori, Pacific and Indigenous Studiesen_NZ
thesis.degree.nameBachelor of Arts with Honoursen_NZ
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Otagoen_NZ
thesis.degree.levelHonours Dissertationsen_NZ
otago.openaccessOpenen_NZ
dc.identifier.eprintste-tumu50en_NZ
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(Jock), (2004) “Maori customary title in the foreshore and seabed” The New Zealand Law Journal, Wellington: Lexis Nexis. pp. 34-38 Cavanagh, Paul, (2003) “The Foreshore and Seabed Controversy” The New Zealand Law Journal, Wellington: Lexis Nexis. pp. 428-432 Chen Palmer and Partners, Wellington Watch: A Weekly Bulletin of Parliamentary and Political Information, issue 2003/31 (Aug 22 2003) Chen Palmer and Partners, Wellington Watch: A Weekly Bulletin of Parliamentary and Political Information, issue 2004/16 (7 May 2004) Clayton, Bill, (2003) “The Marlbrough Sounds Case” The New Zealand Law Journal, Wellington: Lexis Nexis. pp. 424-427 Coxhead, Craig, (2003) “Jurisdiction of the Maori Land Court ashore” The New Zealand Law Journal, Wellington: Lexis Nexis. pp. 366-368 Editorial, “Alarmist headline” Critic: te arohi 2004, issue 9 (3 May 2004) p. 3 Editorial, (2003) “A watershed year” The New Zealand Law Journal, Wellington: Lexis Nexis. pp. 433-434 Editorial, (2003) “Foreshore issues” The New Zealand Law Journal, Wellington: Lexis Nexis. pp. 393-394 Editorial, (2004) “One law for all?” The New Zealand Law Journal, Wellington: Lexis Nexis. pp. 1-2 Ellison, Brett, “Tariana’s tribe” Critic: te arohi 2004, issue 18 (August 2004) pp. 22-25 Ellison, Brett, “Te Year” Critic: te arohi 2004, issue 27 (October 2004) pp. 24-26 Erueti, Andrew, (2003) “Translating Maori customary title into a common law title” The New Zealand Law Journal, Wellington: Lexis Nexis. pp. 421-423 Fox, Derek, “A disturbing land” Mana: the Maori news magazine for all New Zealanders, issue 56 (February/March 2004) pp. 49-54 Fox, Derek, “I need to do the Maori stuff” Mana: the Maori news magazine for all New Zealanders, issue 57 (April/May 2004) pp. 28-35 Gibbons, Thomas, (2003) “Criticising Judges: constitutional tensions” The New Zealand Law Journal, Wellington: Lexis Nexis. pp. 418-420 Greensill, Angeline, “I gave you my bucket and spade, now you want the whole sandpit” Pacific Ecologist, issues 7 and 8 (Autumn-Winter 2004) pp. 55-59 Hauiti, Rosina, “TIME TO FIGHT BACK: For sure – the seabed debate” Tū Mai Magazine- Offering an Indigenous New Zealand Perspective, vol. 46 (September 2003) pp. 28- 19, 34 Hemi, Murray, “Sea-saw and foresight” Mana: the Maori news magazine for all New Zealanders, issue. 53 (August/September 2003) p. 68 Jackson, Moana, “An enduring memory” Mana: the Maori news magazine for all New Zealanders, issue 58 (June/July 2004) pp. 49-50 Jackson, Moana, “The need for change” Mana: the Maori news magazine for all New Zealanders, issue 57 (April/May 2004) p. 66 Jackson, Moana, “The year that was” Mana: the Maori news magazine for all New Zealanders, issue 56 (February/March 2004) p. 66 Keene, Howard, “Ngāi Tahu goes to the UN” Te Karaka, (Koanga, 2004) pp.20-25 Mana Magazine, “We can’t just roll over” Mana: the Maori news magazine for all New Zealanders, issue 57 (April/May 2004) pp. 68-70 Maihi, Rangi, “The foreshore and seabed-Māori customary rights and some legal issues” Background Note: Information briefing service for members of Parliament, issue 2003/12 (12 December 2003) Mikaere, Ani, Tomas, Nin, and Johnston, Kerensa, (2003) “Treaty of Waitangi and New Zealand Land” New Zealand Law Review, Auckland: Legal Research Foundation. pp. 447-484 Mikaere, Buddy, “The year that was - and what’s ahead” Mana: the Maori news magazine for all New Zealanders, issue 61 (December 2004/January 2005) pp. 30-33 Mosop, Joanna, (2003) “International law of the seabed” The New Zealand Law Journal, Wellington: Lexis Nexis. pp. 407-408 Ngata, Henare, “Waitangi Day Address” Pīpīwharauroa, vol. 12, no. 5 (May 2004) p. 5 Ogden, Richard, (2004) “The foreshore and seabed issue” The New Zealand Law Journal, Wellington: Lexis Nexis. pp. 14-16 Paki, Kui, “Claims neither NEW or OUTRAGEOUS” Tū Mai Magazine-Offering an Indigenous New Zealand Perspective, vol. 46 (September 2003) pp. 18-19 Paki, Kui, “Fighting Talk ON FORESORE” Tū Mai Magazine-Offering an Indigenous New Zealand Perspective, vol. 50 (February 2004) pp. 28-29 Phillip-Babara, Hiria, “Te Hīkoi ki Paremata” Pīpīwharauroa, vol. 12, no. 5 (May 2004) p. 7 Pīpīwharauroa, “Hīkoi mō te Takutai” Pīpīwharauroa,. vol. 12, no. 5 (May 2004) pp. 1, 6 Pīpīwharauroa, “Opinion” Pīpīwharauroa, vol. 12, no. 5 (May 2004) pp. 6-7 Pitman, Mereana et al, “There’s a message here” Mana: the Maori news magazine for all New Zealanders, issue 58 (June/July 2004) pp. 32-46 Price, Steven, “THE TIDE OF HISTORY” The New Zealand Listener, vol. 189 (9 August 2003) pp. 21-22 Ruru, Jacinta, “A Politically Fuelled Tsunami: The Foreshore/Seabed Controversy in Aotearoa me Te Waipounamu/New Zealand” The Journal of Polynesian Society, vol. 113, no. 1, (March 2004) pp. 57-72 Shepheard, Nicola, “Fierce Kuia” North and South, vol. 215 (February 2004) pp. 54-61 Solomon, Maui, “Worse than ever” Mana: the Maori news magazine for all New Zealanders, issue 57 (April/May 2004) p. 67 Tangihaere, Tracey, “Tutae, Foreshore and Seabed” Tū Mai Magazine-Offering an Indigenous New Zealand Perspective, vol. 46 (September 2003) p. 26 Te Ope Mana a Tai, “Principles for Engagement” Tū Mai Magazine-Offering an Indigenous New Zealand Perspective, vol. 46 (September 2003) pp. 24-25 Tū Mai Magazine, “FORESHORE AND SEABED feedback” Tū Mai Magazine-Offering an Indigenous New Zealand Perspective, vol. 53 (May 2004) pp. 16-18 Tū Mai Magazine, “HAURAKI – seasoned campaigners” Tū Mai Magazine-Offering an Indigenous New Zealand Perspective, vol. 46 (September 2003) pp. 22-23 Tū Mai Magazine, “OLYPIC SUBMISSIONS” Tū Mai Magazine-Offering an Indigenous New Zealand Perspective, vol. 56 (August 2004) pp. 31-32 Tū Mai Magazine, “The Crown will own the Foreshore and Seabed” Tū Mai Magazine- Offering an Indigenous New Zealand Perspective, vol. 53 (May 2004) p. 14 Tū Mai Magazine, “VIEWS from the STREET” Tū Mai Magazine-Offering an Indigenous New Zealand Perspective, vol. 46 (September 2003) pp. 20-21 Turia, Tariana, “A language lesson” Mana: the Maori news magazine for all New Zealanders, issue 56 (February/March 2004) p. 68 Walker, Ranginui, “DEAR CROWN: An open letter to Helen, Bill, Richard, Peter, Janet and Jim FROM RANGINUI WALKER” The New Zealand Listener, vol. 190 (4 October 2003) pp. 34-35 Newspaper articles Dominion Post, (Wellington) 18 March 2003, p. A15 Dominion Post (Wellington) 16 August 2003, p. A15 Dominion Post (Wellington) 26 August 2003, p. B4 Dominion Post (Wellington) 8 April 2004, p. A5 Dominion Post (Wellington) 1 May 2004, Front page Dominion Post (Wellington) 6 May 2004, p. A2 Dominion Post (Wellington) 12 May 2004, p. A2 (Opinion article) New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 20 June 2003, p. A3 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 23 June 2003, p. A7 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 24 June 2003, Front page New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 25 June 2003, Front page New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 25 June 2003, p. A14 (Letter to the editor) New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 26 June 2003, p. A16 (Letter to the editor) New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 26 June 2003, p. A16 (Comment article) New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 27 June 2003, p. A12 (Letter to the editor) New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 30 June 2003, p. A6 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 30 June 2003, p. A10 (Letter to the editor) New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 27-28 September 2003, p. A28 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 13 December 2003, p. A2 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 17 December 2003, p. A19 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 18 December 2003, Front page New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 18 December 2003, p. A6 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 19 December 2003, p. A20 (Letter to the editor) New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 19 December 2003, p. A21 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 19 December 2003, p. A21 (Comment article) New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 22 December 2003, p. A6 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 22 December 2003, p. A17 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 23 December 2003, Front page New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 24 December 2003, p. A6 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 5 March 2004, p. A7 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 6-7 March 2004, p. A5 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 8 March 2004, p. A5 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 8 March 2004, p. A12 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 10 March 2004, p. A6 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 11 March 2004, p. A7 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 12 March 2004, Front page New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 6 May 2004, Front page New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 6 May 2004, p. A2 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 6 May 2004, p. A3 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 6 May 2004, p. A15 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 7 May 2004, Front page New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 7 May 2004, p. A6 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 8-9 May 2004, Front page, A2 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 8-9 May 2004, p. A2 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 8-9 May 2004, p. A28 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 8-9 May 2004, p. B3 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 10 May 2004, p. A18 (Letter to the editor) New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 10 May 2004, p. A20 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 24 June 2004, p. A14 (Letter to the editor) New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 22 September 2004, p. A3 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 3 November 2004, p. A6 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 6-7 November 2004, p. A8 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 15 November 2004, p. A7 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 16 November 2004, p. A6 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 18 November 2004, p. A6 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 19 November 2004, p. A5 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 19 November 2004, p. A6 New Zealand Herald (Auckland) 20-21 November 2004, p. A24 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 21-22 June 2003, Front page Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 26 June 2003, Front page Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 2 July 2003, p. 17 (Opinion article) Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 11 July 2003, p. 2 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 16 July 2003, p. 11 (Opinion article) Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 22 July 2003, p. 12 (Letter to the editor) Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 29 July 2003, p. 14 (Letter to the editor) Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 5 August 2003, p. 16 (Letter to the editor) Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 6 August 2003, p. 4 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 19 August 2003, p. 2 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 19 August 2003, p. 16 (Letter to the editor) Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 20 August 2003, p. 3 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 30-31 August 2003, p. A3 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 19 September 2003, p. 3 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 20-21 September 2003, p. A3 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 4 February 2004, p. 4 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 10 March 2004, p. 8 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 8 April 2004, Front page Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 8 April 2004, p. 3 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 10 April 2004, p. 2 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 1 May 2004, p. 3 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 3 May 2004, p. 3 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 3 May 2004, p. 17 (Opinion article) Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 4 May 2004, Front page Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 4 May 2004, p. 3 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 6 May 2004, p. 3 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 7 May 2004, p. 14 (Opinion article) Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 12 May 2004, p. 2 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 13 May 2004, p. 3 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 14 May 2004, p. 3 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 25 May 2004, p. 16 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 31 May 2004, p. 14 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 17 July 2004, p. 4 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 17 July 2004, p. 25 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 27 July 2004, p. 2 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 5 August 2004, Front page; Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 6 August 2004, p. 4 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 14 August 2004, p. 25 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 17 August 2004, p. 3 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 21 August 2004, p. 110 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 24 August 2004, p. 110 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 25 August 2004, p 28 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 7 September 2004, p. 2 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 16 September 2004, p. 3 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 18 September 2004, p. 10 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 22 September 2004, p. 39 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 5 October 2004, p. 4 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 13 October 2004, p. 5 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 18 October 2004, Front page Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 13 October 2004, p. 5 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 5 November 2004, p. 3 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 18 November 2004, p. 3 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 20 November 2004, p. 3 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 4 February 2005, p. 4 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 9 February 2005, p. 15 (Opinion article) Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 15 March 2005, p. 3 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 15 March 2005, p. 9 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 24 March 2005, p. 8 Otago Daily Times (Dunedin) 2-3 July 2005, p. 5 Press (Christchurch) 28 June 2003, p. A4 Press (Christchurch) 5 July 2003, p. A9 (Opinion article) Press (Christchurch) 19 August 2003, p. A7 Press (Christchurch) 18 December 2003 p. A11 Press (Christchurch) 23 December 2003, p. A15 (Opinion article) Press (Christchurch) 6 May 2004 p. A4 Press (Christchurch) 5 August, 2004, p. A9 Press (Christchurch) 4 December 2004, p. A5 Press (Christchurch) 3 February 2005, p. A9 (Opinion article) Sunday Star Times (Aotearoa/New Zealand) 1 February 2004, p. A4 Sunday Star Times (Aotearoa/New Zealand) 9 May 2004, p. C4 Te Karere Maori (Auckland) vol. 3, no. 131 August 2003, p. 3 Te Karere Maori (Auckland) vol. 3, no. 131 August 2003, p. 4 Te Karere Maori (Auckland) vol. 3, no. 131 August 2003, p. 5 Te Karere Maori (Auckland) vol. 3, no. 133 2003, p. 3 Te Karere Maori (Auckland) vol. 3, no. 136 2003, p. 3 Te Karere Maori (Auckland) vol. 3, no. 136 2003, p. 6 Te Karere Maori (Auckland) vol. 3, no. 136 2003, p. 6 Te Karere Maori (Auckland) vol. 3, no. 137 2004, p. 3 Te Karere Maori (Auckland) vol. 3, no. 137 2004, p. 5 Te Karere Maori (Auckland) vol. 3, no. 137 2004, p. 6 Te Karere Maori (Auckland) vol. 3, no. 138 2004, p. 3 Te Karere Maori (Auckland) vol. 3, no. 139 2004, p. 5 Te Karere Maori (Auckland) vol. 3, no. 140 2004, p. 6 Te Karere Maori (Auckland) vol. 3, no. 140 2004, p. 8 Te Karere Maori (Auckland) vol. 3, no. 145 2004, p. 3 Te Karere Maori (Auckland) vol. 3, no. 146 2004, Front page Te Karere Maori (Auckland) vol. 3, no. 150 2004, p. 7 Unpublished works Press releases Christchurch organisation-Te Mangoroa, “Te Mangoroa oppose the seabed and foreshore legislation” Press Release, Christchurch, 17 November 2004 Harawira, Hone, “We’re Marching…” Press Release, Aotearoa/New Zealand, 13 April 2004 Jackson, Willie, “Foreshores Comment: National Urban Maori Authority” Press Release, Aotearoa/New Zealand, 18 August 2003 Johnson, Tracy, “Dunedin Hikoi – Foreshore and Seabed” Press Release, Dunedin, 10 October 2004 Mair, Ken, “Tino Rangatiratanga Movement Calls For Direct Action” Press Release, Aotearoa/New Zealand, 18 December 2003 Takutai Moana Poneke Collective, “Anniversary Day Marks Past and Present Theft from Maori” Press Release, Wellington, 24 January 2005 Takutai Poneke, “Government’s legitimacy questioned” Press release, Wellington, 17 November 2004 Te Runanga-a-Iwi o Ngāti Kahu, “Public Notice” Press Release, Kaitaia, No date provided Te Rūnanga o Te Rarawa, “TE RARAWA RESPONSE TO THE GOVERNMENTS DECISION TO LEGISLATE FORESHORE AND SEABED LANDS AS ‘PUBLIC DOMAIN’ AND APPROPRIATE TIKANGA MAORI TIPU WHENUA - TAKUTAI MOANA TAONGA TUKU-IHO” Press Release, Kaitaia, 18 December 2003. Submissions Submissions on the Crown proposals Manaiapoto Māori Trust Board, “Statement of Objections to the Foreshore Seabed Debate 2003” Te Ope Mana a Tai-Maketu, View Other Written Submissions on Crown Proposals, PDF file-27kb. July 2004. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/submissions/Ngati%20Maniapoto%20Objections%20to% 20Foreshore%20Seabed%20proposals.pdf (13 April 2005) McEnteer, John, “Act Foreshore and Seabed Conference” Te Ope Mana a Tai-Maketu, View Other Written Submissions on Crown Proposals, PDF file-108 kb. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/submissions/John%20McEnteer.pdf (13 April 2005) Mitchell, Maui John, and Morgan, Paul Te Poa Karoro, “THE FORESHORE AND SEABED: POSSIBLE STEPS IN A PATHWAY FORWARD:” Te Ope Mana a Tai- Maketu, View Other Written Submissions on Crown Proposals, PDF file-110kb. October 2003. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/submissions/J%20Mitchell%20P%20Morgan%20submiss ion.pdf (13 April 2005) Te Hunga Roia o Aotearoa – Māori Law Society Incorporated, “SUBMISSION ON CROWN PROPOSALS FOR ‘PROTECTING PUBLIC ACCESS AND CUSTOMARY RIGHTS’ TO THE FORESHORE AND SEABED” Te Ope Mana a Tai-Maketu, View Other Written Submissions on Crown Proposals, PDF file-287 kb. July 2004. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/submissions/TeHungaRoiaMaori.PDF (13 April 2005) Te Kotahitanga o Te Arawa Fisheries Trust Board and the Te Arawa Māori Trust Board, “Submission by Te Kotahitanga o Te Arawa Fisheries Trust Board and the Te Arawa Māori Trust Board on the Crown Foreshore and Seabed Proposals” Te Ope Mana a Tai-Maketu, View Other Written Submissions on Crown Proposals, PDF file-202kb. 3 October 2003. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/submissions/Te%20Kotahitanga%20o%20Te%20Arawa %20&%20Te%20Arawa%20Maori%20Trust%20Board%20submission.pdf (13 April 2005) Te Ope Mana a Tai, “Appendix: Discussion Framework on Customary Rights to the Foreshore and Seabed” Te Ope Mana a Tai-Maketu View Other Written Submissions on Crown Proposals, PDF file-584kb. October 2003. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/submissions/TeOpeAppendix.PDF (13 April 2005) Te Ope Mana a Tai, “Submission on the Crown’s proposals to protect public access and customary rights” Te Ope Mana a Tai-Maketu, View Other Written Submissions on Crown Proposals, PDF file-161 kb. October 2003. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/submissions/TeOpeOct03.PDF (13 April 2005) Te Rūnanga o Te Rarawa, “TE RUNANGA O TE RARAWA SUBMISSIONS - GOVERNMENT PROPOSALS ON FORESHORE AND SEABED” Te Ope Mana a Tai-Maketu, View Other Written Submissions on Crown Proposals, PDF file-155 kb. 3 October 2003. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/submissions/Te%20Rarawa%20Foreshore%20Seabed%2 0submission%203%20Oct%202003.pdf (13 April 2005) Treaty Tribes Coalition, “The Foreshore And Seabed Of New Zealand: Protecting Public Access And Customary Rights – Government Proposals For Consultation” Te Ope Mana a Tai-Maketu, View Other Written Submissions on Crown Proposals, PDF file- 130 kb. 10 October 2003. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/submissions/TTC%20submissions%203.10.03.pdf (13 April 2005) West, Jane, “PROTECTING PUBLIC ACCESS AND CUSTOMARY RIGHTS:GOVERNMENT PROPOSALS FOR CONSULTATION: SUPPLEMENT SUBMISSION TO A PERSNAL RESPONSE PRESENTED AT Nga Whare Waatea hui, 26 September 2003” Te Ope Mana a Tai-Maketu, View Other Written Submissions on Crown Proposals, PDF file-94kb. 3 October 2003. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/submissions/Jane%20West%20submission%20re%20PR OTECTING%20PUBLIC%20ACCESS.pdf (13 April 2005) Submissions presented at consultation hui Mason, Ken, “Submission on Crown Proposals” Te Ope Mana a Tai-Maketu, View Key Submissions from the Crown Consultation Hui, PDF file-52kb. July 2004. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/submissions/Ken_Mason_Bluff.PDF (13 April 2005) Mauger, Jenny Winipere, “Foreshore – Seabed STATEMENT NGATI HAWEA, NGATI HORI, NGATI HINEMOA: Presented to the Crown at Omahu Marae on 12 Mahuru 2003 by Jenny W Mauger” Te Ope Mana a Tai-Maketu, View Key Submissions from the Crown Consultation Hui, PDF file-47kb. 12 September 2003. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/submissions/J%20Mauger%20Ngati%20Hawea%20subm ission.pdf (13 April 2005) McEnteer, John, and Renata, Toko, “Foreshore & Seabed Government Consultative Hui: Matai Whetu, Thames 11 September 2003” Te Ope Mana a Tai-Maketu, View Key Submissions from the Crown Consultation Hui, PDF file-61kb. 11 September 2003. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/submissions/HMTBThames.PDF (13 April 2005) Mikaere, Harry, “Submissions to the Hauraki Hui 11th September 2003” Te Ope Mana a Tai- Maketu, View Key Submissions from the Crown Consultation Hui, PDF file-15kb. 11 September 2003. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/submissions/Harry%20Mikaere.PDF (13 April 2005) Mitchell, John, “REJOINDERS TO THE CROWN’S POSITION” Te Ope Mana a Tai- Maketu, View Key Submissions from the Crown Consultation Hui, PDF file-127Kkb. July 2004. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/submissions/JohnMitchell_Omaka.PDF (13 April 2005) Ngāti Kahungunu, “STATEMENT BY NGAI KAHUNGANU ON THE GOVERNMENT PROPOSALS ON THE FORESHORE AND SEABED. Omahu Marae, September 12, 2003” Te Ope Mana a Tai-Maketu, View Key Submissions from the Crown Consultation Hui, PDF file-59kb. 12 September 2003. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/submissions/NgatiKahungunu_Omahu.PDF (13 April 2005) Ngātiwai Trust Board, “Ngatiwai Trust Board Statement to the Foreshore and Seabed Hui, Whangarei, 16 September 2003” Te Ope Mana a Tai-Maketu, View Key Submissions from the Crown Consultation Hui, PDF file-36.5kb. 16 September 2003. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/submissions/ngatiwai_trustboard.PDF (13 April 2005) Raihania, “Ngai Tamanuhiri, Whangara Hui” Te Ope Mana a Tai-Maketu, View Key Submissions from the Crown Consultation Hui, PDF file-117kb. July 2004. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/submissions/Ngai_Tamanuhiri.PDF (13 April 2005) Rei, Matiu, “Te Ope Mana a Tai Statemen by Matiu Rei Pipitea Marae, 25 September 2003” Te Ope Mana a Tai-Maketu, View Key Submissions from the Crown Consultation Hui, PDF file-40kb. 25 September 2003. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/submissions/TeOpe_WellingtonHui.PDF (13 April 2005) Solomon, Mark, “Ngāi Tahu response to Government Consultation hui: Rapaki 18 September 2003” Te Ope Mana a Tai-Maketu, View Key Submissions from the Crown Consultation Hui, PDF file-68kb. 18 September 2003. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/submissions/NgaiTahu_18Sept.PDF (13 April 2005) Te Rūnanga-a-Iwi o Ngāti Kahu, “Hui-a-iwi On Foreshore and Seabed” Te Ope Mana a Tai- Maketu, View Key Submissions from the Crown Consultation Hui, PDF file-67kb. 26 September 2003. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/submissions/NgatiKahu_Mangere.PDF (13 April 2005) Te Rūnanga o Toa Rangatira Incorporated, “PRESENTATION ON CROWN’S PROPSAL FOR FORESHORE AND SEABED” Te Ope Mana a Tai-Maketu, View Key Submissions from the Crown Consultation Hui, PDF file-53kb. July 2004. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/submissions/NgatiToa.pdf (13 April 2005) West, Jane, “PROTECTING PUBLIC ACCESS AND CUSTOMARY RIGHTS: GOVERNMENT PROPOSALS FOR CONSULTATION: RESPONSE STATEMENTS FOR ENGAGEMENT: Friday 26 September 2003 Nga Whare Waatea Marae” Te Ope Mana a Tai-Maketu, View Key Submissions from the Crown Consultation Hui, PDF file-109 kb. 26 September 2003. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/submissions/Jane%20West%20- %20Auckland%20hui%20submission.pdf (13 April 2005) White, Greg, “Taranaki Whānui. Foreshore and Seabed Proposal: OWAE MARAE, 23 September 2003” Te Ope Mana a Tai-Maketu, View Key Submissions from the Crown Consultation Hui, PDF file-55kb. 23 September 2003. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/submissions/NgatiTama_Owae.PDF (13 April 2005) Submissions on the bill Allen, Stephen, “Te Aupouri Māori Trust Board: Submission on the Foreshore and Seabed Bill” Te Ope Mana a Tai-Maketu, Submissions to the Fisheries and Other Sea Related Legislation Select Committee-July 2004, PDF file-82kb. 9 July 2004. Online. Available: http://www.teope.co.nz/pdf/TeAupouri.PDF (13 April 2005) Anonymous, “Te Takutai Moana Submission” Te Ope Mana a Tai-Maketu, Submissions to the Fisheries and Other Sea Related Legislation Select Committee-July 2004, PDF file-110kb. 9 July 2004. Online. 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