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dc.contributor.authorRewi, Poiaen_NZ
dc.date.available2014-11-10T20:16:45Z
dc.date.copyright2004-06en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationRewi, P. (2004). Ko te waihanga me nga wehewehenga o te whaikorero: The structural system of whaikorero and its components. Junctures: The Journal for Thematic Dialogue, (2: System), 16–32.en
dc.identifier.issn1179-8912en_NZ
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10523/5169
dc.description.abstractPrior to European colonisation, the Māori people of New Zealand used whaikōrero1 (oration) as the primary medium for expressing opinion; presenting topics for discussion; and enabling decision-making regarding all matters affecting living arrangements and work, including decisions concerning daily, monthly and annual activities critical to the safekeeping of the people. While Cleve Barlow defines whaikōrero as the “greetings expressed by elders on marae courtyards during assemblies of people,” this is an inadequate description of whaikōrero in that it does not take into account many of its functions and its vagaries. In the 21st century, whaikōrero remains a system pivotal to the operation of Māori culture yet like any system, it is affected by the changing context. This article examines systemic limitations to whaikōrero and how these are manifested duly or unduly within contemporary Māori oration practices. Through several interpretations of whaikōrero provided by a number of kaumātua (Māori elder/s) , this article will discuss the systemic structure of whaikōrero and its components, specifically regarding the system of whaikōrero that occurs during the formal rituals of encounter between tangata whenua (hosts) and manuhiri (visitors); that is, the system of whaikōrero followed by kaikōrero tangata whenua (or the oration of host speakers) and kaikōrero manuhiri (the oration of visiting speakers).en_NZ
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.relation.ispartofJunctures: The Journal for Thematic Dialogueen_NZ
dc.relation.urihttp://www.junctures.orgen_NZ
dc.subjectoratoryen_NZ
dc.subjectwhaikoreroen_NZ
dc.subjecttauparaparaen_NZ
dc.subjectkaikoreroen_NZ
dc.subjectstandardisationen_NZ
dc.subjectMaori cultureen_NZ
dc.subject.lcshPL Languages & literatures of Eastern Asia, Africa, Oceaniaen_NZ
dc.subject.lcshDU Oceania (South Seas)en_NZ
dc.titleKo te waihanga me nga wehewehenga o te whaikorero: The structural system of whaikorero and its componentsen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Articleen_NZ
dc.description.versionPublisheden_NZ
otago.date.accession2006-05-08en_NZ
otago.relation.issue2: Systemen_NZ
otago.bitstream.endpage32en_NZ
otago.bitstream.startpage16en_NZ
otago.openaccessOpenen_NZ
dc.identifier.eprintste-tumu13en_NZ
dc.description.refereedTRUEen_NZ
dc.description.referencesKTH Mataira, Te Kura Pūaotanga (Hamilton: Waikato Polytechnic, 1995). /M King (ed.), Te Ao Hurihuri (Wellington: Hicks Smith, 1975), 21. / C Barlow, Tikanga Whakaaro (Auckland: Oxford University Press, 1991), 165. / A Salmond, cited in M Bloch, Political Language and Oratory in Traditional Society (London: Academic Press, 1975), 52. / H Tauroa & P Tauroa, Te Marae: A Guide to Customs and Protocol (Auckland: Reed, 1986), 65-66. / Kaumātua Hohepa Kereopa of Tūhoe. / Kaumātua Pou Te Mara of Tūhoe. / Kaumātua Hirini Melbourne of Tūhoe and Kahungunu. / Kaumātua Hīeke Tupe of Tūhoe. / Kaumātua Kei Merito of Ngāti Awa / Kaumātua Ranginui Walker of Te Whakatōhea. / Kaumātua Te Kotahitanga Mahuta of Waikato-Maniapoto. / Kaumātua Awanui Timutimu of Tūhoe. / Kaumātua Tïmoti Kāretu of Tūhoe and Kahungunu / Kaumātua Awanui Timutimu of Tūhoe. / Laumātua Tāmati Reedy of Ngāti Porou. / Kaumātua Mauriora Kingi of Te Arawa. / Kaumātua Hapi Winiata of Te Arawa. / Kaumātua Hohepa Kereopa of Tūhoe. / Kaumātua Kimoro Pukepuke of Tūhoe. / Kaumātua Whitu Waiariki of Tūhoe. / T Kāretu, “Language and protocol of the marae,” in M. King (ed.) Te Ao Hurihuri, 35. / P Awatere & K Dewes, Tauparapara from Te kawa o Te Marae, Audio-tape recording. (Wellington: Victoria University Anthropology Department, 1963). / Kaumātua John Tahuri of Tūhoe. / Kaumātua Pita Iraia of Ngāti Whare. / Kaumātua Koro Dewes of Ngāti Porou. / Kaumātua Taua Pouwhare of Tūhoe. / Kaumātua Hīeke Tupe of Tūhoe. / Kaumātua Kimoro Pukepuke of Tūhoe. / Kaumātua Pat Hohepa of Ngāpuhi. / Kaumātua Tāmati Kruger of Tūhoe. / Kaumātua Mehaka Herewini of Tūhoe.en_NZ
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