Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorHiggins, Rawiniaen_NZ
dc.date.available2014-11-10T20:17:10Z
dc.date.copyright2004-02en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationHiggins, R. (2004, February). He tanga ngutu, he Tuhoetanga te mana motuhake o te ta moko wahine: The identity politics of moko kauae (Thesis, Doctor of Philosophy). Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10523/5193en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10523/5193
dc.description.abstractTā moko (Māori tattooing), especially facial moko (tattoo), has become a popular mechanism for the expression of self-determination. Many Māori people are adopting this art form as part of a renaissance of Māori culture in Aotearoa/New Zealand. This declaration of Māori self-determination is also an assertion of the pride felt by the tangata whenua (people of the land) for their culture, their language and, more importantly, their identity. This thesis will illustrate how moko kauae (female chin tattooing) is a means of expressing Māori identity with specific reference to Tūhoe identity. Using an Indigenous theoretical framework this Māori Studies thesis examines the historical and contemporary political dimensions of moko kauae, the interface with the Māori worldview (inclusive of its cultural concepts), and its relationship to identity politics. This will be complimented by the personal stories of Tūhoe women who have undertaken moko kauae as well as commentaries from other Tūhoe people who express what their Tūhoetanga means to them and their lives.en_NZ
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.subjectmokoen_NZ
dc.subjectta mokoen_NZ
dc.subjectidentityen_NZ
dc.subjecttino rangatiratangaen_NZ
dc.subjectmana motuhakeen_NZ
dc.subjectTuhoeen_NZ
dc.subjectraupatuen_NZ
dc.subjectland confiscationen_NZ
dc.subjectuhien_NZ
dc.subjecttohunga ta mokoen_NZ
dc.subjectchiselsen_NZ
dc.subjectmoko kauaeen_NZ
dc.subjectTuhoetangaen_NZ
dc.subjectmanaen_NZ
dc.subjecttapuen_NZ
dc.subjectnoaen_NZ
dc.subjectMaori tattooingen_NZ
dc.subjectself-determinationen_NZ
dc.subjectTe Ureweraen_NZ
dc.subjectfacial tattooingen_NZ
dc.subject.lcshDU Oceania (South Seas)en_NZ
dc.titleHe tanga ngutu, he Tuhoetanga te mana motuhake o te ta moko wahine: The identity politics of moko kauaeen_NZ
dc.typeThesisen_NZ
dc.description.versionUnpublisheden_NZ
otago.bitstream.pages421en_NZ
otago.date.accession2006-05-12en_NZ
otago.schoolTe Tumu, School of Mäori, Pacific & Indigenous Studiesen_NZ
thesis.degree.disciplineTe Tumu, School of Mäori, Pacific & Indigenous Studiesen_NZ
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyen_NZ
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Otagoen_NZ
thesis.degree.levelDoctoralen_NZ
otago.openaccessOpenen_NZ
dc.identifier.eprintste-tumu15en_NZ
dc.description.referencesThe Concise English Dictionary, 1996. The Concise English Dictionary - New Edition. Dingley: Geddes & Grosset. / [AJHR], 1895, Appendix to the Journal of the House of Representatives of New Zealand 1895. Vol II, G-1. "Pakeha and Maori: A narrative of the Premiere's trip through the Native Districts of the North Island." / Alpers, Anthony, 1982. Maori Myth & Tribal Legends. Auckland: Longman Paul. / --- 1987. The World of the Polynesians - seen through their myths and legends, poetry and art. Auckland: Oxford University Press. / Ashcroft, Bill, Griffiths, Gareth, & Tiffin, Helen, 1998. Key Concepts in Post-Colonial Studies. New York: Routledge. / Asher, George, & Naulls, David, 1987. Maori Land. Wellington: New Zealand Planning Council. / Ata, Hineatu, Kuia - Tühoe, Personal Communication, Rüätoki, 2002 / Ballara, Angela, 1996, 'Hikapuhi 1860-1871? - 1934' in Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Volume 3 (1901-1920). Auckland: Department of Internal Affairs, Auckland University Press. (p. 219) / --- 1998. Iwi: The dynamics of Mäori tribal organisation from c. 1769 to c. 1945. Wellington: Victoria University Press. / --- 2003. Taua - 'Musket wars', 'land wars' or tikanga? Warfare in Mäori society in the early nineteenth century. Auckland: Penguin. / Belich, James, 1986. The New Zealand Wars and the Victorian Interpretation of Racial Conflict. Auckland: Penguin. / --- 1991. 'Titokowaru, Riwha ? - 1888' in The People of Many Peaks - The Mäori Biographies from the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Volume One (1769-1869). Claudia Orange (ed.). Wellington: Department of Internal Affairs, Bridget Williams Books (pp. 320-326). / Bennett, Manuhuia, 1979. 'Te Kupu Whakamutunga: The Last Word.' He Mätäpuna, A Source – Some Mäori Perspectives. Wellington: New Zealand Planning Council. / Best, Elsdon, 1898. 'Omens and Superstitious Beliefs of the Maori.' Journal of the Polynesian Society. Vol. 7. No. 27. (pp. 119-136 (Part One)). / --- 1904. 'The Uhi-Maori, or Native Tattooing Instruments.' Journal of the Polynesian Society. Vol. 13. No. 51. September. (pp. 166-172). / --- 1924. The Maori. Vol. 1. Memoirs of the Polynesian Society. Vol. 5. Wellington: Harry H. Tombs. / --- 1941. The Maori. Vol. 2. Memoirs of the Polynesian Society. Vol. 5. Wellington: The Polynesian Society. / --- 1972. Tuhoe: The Children of the Mist. Wellington: A.W. Reed. / --- 1974. The Maori as He Was. Wellington: Government Printer. / --- 1995a. Maori Religion and Mythology Part 1. Wellington: Te Papa Tongarewa, Museum of New Zealand. / --- 1995b. Maori Religion and Mythology Part 2. Wellington: Te Papa Tongarewa, Museum of New Zealand. / Biggs, Bruce, 1997. He Whiriwhiringa. Auckland: Auckland University Press. / Binney, Judith, 1991. "Te Kooti Arikirangi Te Turuki" in The People of Many Peaks - The Mäori Biographies from the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography Volume One (1769-1869). Claudia Orange (ed.). Wellington: Department of Internal Affairs, Bridget Williams Books. (pp. 194-201). / --- 1995. Redemption Songs - The Life of Te Kooti Arikirangi Te Turuki. Auckland: Auckland University Press. / --- 1996. 'Ancestral Voices: Maori Prophet Leaders' in The Oxford Illustrated History of New Zealand. Keith Sinclair (ed.). Auckland: Oxford University Press. (pp. 153-184). / --- 1997. ‘Te Mana Tuatoru: the Rohe Potae of Tühoe.’ The New Zealand Journal of History – Koha, Essays in Honour of M.P.K. Sorrenson. Vol. 31. No. 1., April. (pp 117-131). / --- 2002a. Encircled Lands Part One: A History of Te Urewera from European Contact until 1878. An overview report on the Urewera. / --- 2002b. Encircled Lands Part Two: A History of the Urewera 1878-1912 - Supporting Papers. An overview report on the Urewera. / Braunberger, Christine, 'Revolting Bodies: The Monster Beauty of Tattooed Women in http://www.iupress.indiana.edu/journals/nwsa/nws12-2html, 2002 (p1-20) / Buck, Te Rangihiroa, 1952. The Coming of the Maori. Wellington: Whitcombe and Tombs. / Butterworth, Graham, 1996. 'Pomare, Maui Wiremu Piti Naera 1875/1876 - 1930' in Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Volume 3 (1901-1920). Auckland: Department of Internal Affairs, Auckland University Press. (pp. 404-407). / Campbell, S.K.L., 1997. Land alienation, consolidation and development in Te Urewera 1912-1950. Urewera Overview Project. A report commissioned by Crown Forest Rental Trust. July. / --- 1999. Te Urewera National Park 1952-1975. Urewera Overview Project. A report commissioned by Crown Forest Rental Trust. June. / Clay, Tangimoe, Personal Interview, Tühoe and Whakatöhea, Tangata Whenua Gallery - Opötiki, 19 November 2002. / Coney, Sandra, 1993. Standing in the Sunshine - A History of New Zealand Women since they won the vote. Auckland: Viking. / Coombes, Brad, 2001. Land-based environmental impacts in the Urewera Inquiry District. A scoping report prepared for Crown Forest Rental Trust. / Cowan, James, 1930. The Maori - Yesterday and Today. Auckland: Whitcombe & Tombes. / Cox, Lindsay, 1993. Kotahitanga: The Search for Mäori Political Unity. Auckland: Oxford University Press. / Craig, Elsdon, 1964. Man of the Mist:- A Biography of Elsdon Best. Wellington: Reed. / D’Andrade, Roy, G., 1984. ‘Cultural Meaning Systems’ in Culture Theory – essays on mind, self and emotion.’ Richard A. Shweder & Robert A. Levine (eds.). London: Cambridge University Press. (pp. 88-119). / Davidson, Janet, 1984. The Pre-history of New Zealand. Auckland: Longman-Paul. / Diamond, Paul, 2003. A Fire in Your Belly - Mäori Leaders Speak. Wellington: Huia. / Duff, Roger, 1977. The Moa-Hunter Period of Maori Culture. Wellington: Government Printer. / Durie, Mason H., 1998. Te Mana, Te Käwanatanga. Auckland: Oxford University Press. / D'Urville, J.S.C Dumont, 1833. Atlas Pittoresque. Paris: J. Tastu. / Elsmore, Bronwyn, 1999. Mana from Heaven: A Century of Maori Prophets in New Zealand. Auckland: Reed. / Firth, Raymond, 1972. Economics of the New Zealand Maori. Wellington: Government Printer. / Friedman, Jonathan,1994. Cultural Identity and Global Process. London: Sage. / Gell, Alfred, 1993. Wrapping in Images – Tattooing in Polynesia. New York: Oxford University Press. / Gramsci, Antonio 1997. Selections from the Prison Notebooks of Antonio Gramsci. Quintin Hoare & Geoffrey Noel Smith (translators). New York: International Publishers. / Greenland, Hauraki, 1991. 'Maori Ethnicity as Ideology' in Nga Take - Ethnic Relations and Racism in Aotearoa/New Zealand. Paul Spoonley, David Pearson, Cluny Macpherson (eds.). Palmerston North: Dunmore Press. (pp 90-107). / Greenwood, William, 1942. The Upraised Hand or The Spiritual Significance of the rise of the Ringatu Faith. Wellington: The Polynesian Society. / Grey, George, 1928. Nga Mahi a Nga Tupuna. 3rd ed.. New Plymouth: Thomas Avery & Son. / Hamilton, A., 1972. Maori Art. London: The Holland Press. / Hanson, F. Allan, 1982. 'Female Pollution in Polynesia?' Journal of the Polynesian Society. Vol. 91. No. 3. September. (pp. 335-381). / --- 1989. 'The Making of the Maori: Culture Invention and Its Logic.' American Anthropologist. Vol.91. (pp. 890-902). / Hanson, F. Allen & Hanson, Louise, 1983. Counterpoint in Maori culture. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. / Hardy, W., 1965. Forever The Land of Men - An account of a visit to the Marquesas Islands. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co. / Harrison, Pakaariki, Te Kanawa, Kahu, & Higgins, Rawinia, 2003. 'Ngä mahi toi - The arts' in Ki Te Whaiao - An Introduction to Mäori Culture and Society. Tänia M. Ka`ai, John C. Moorfield, Michael P. J. Reilly, Sharon Mosely (eds.). Auckland: Pearson Longman. (pp. 116-132). / Hatfield, Gordon Toi, 2003. Dedicated by Blood - Whakautu ki te toto. The Hague: Hunter Media. / Head, Lyndsay, 1991. 'Te Ua Haumene? - 1866' in The People of Many Peaks - The Mäori Biographies from the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography Volume One (1769-1869). Claudia Orange (ed.). Wellington: Department of Internal Affairs, Bridget Williams Books (pp. 283-286). / Henare, Manuka, 1991. 'Maniapoto, Rewi Manga ? - 1894' in The People of Many Peaks - The Mäori Biographies from the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography Volume One (1769-1869). Claudia Orange (ed.). Wellington: Department of Internal Affairs, Briget Williams Books (pp. 39-41) / Higgins, Rawinia, 1999. 'He Kupu Tuku Iho Mö Tënei Reanga'. MA Thesis. University of Otago. / Higgins, Te Ripowai, 1998 / Howe, Kerry, 2003, The Quest for Origins. Auckland: Penguin. / Huria, Gabriel (ed), 1998. 'Aoraki - Mt Cook, The legend of Aoraki' in Te Karaka. Makariri, Issue 8. July. (p 48). / Ihaka, Kingi, "He Kohi Korero Mo Te Moko" in http://www.tki.org.nz/r/maori/wharekura/whare51_st4_e.php, 2002 (p1-3) / 'Interesting Facts about Polynesia' in http://www.punawelewele.com/polynesia2/drumbeat4/interest.asp, 2002 (p1) / Johansen, J. Prytz, 1954. The Maori and his Religion in its Non-Ritualistic Aspects. Copenhagen: Ejnar Munksgaard. / Ka`ai, Tänia M., 1990. ‘Te Hiringa Taketake: Mai i te Kohanga Reo ki te Kura - Maori Pedagogy: Te Kohanga Reo and the Transition to School’. MA Thesis. University of Auckland. / --- 1995. ‘Te Tätari i te Kaupapa’. PhD Thesis. University of Waikato. / --- 2000. "Ngä Hua o te Mätauranga Mäori i roto i te Whare Wananga: The Value of Mäori Studies in the University”. Inaugural Professorial Lecture. University of Otago, Dunedin. / --- 2003a. 'Te ao Mäori - Mäori world-view'. Unpublished paper in author’s possession, cited with permission. / --- 2003b. 'Te mana o te tangata whenua - Indigenous assertions of sovereignty' in Ki Te Whaiao - An Introduction to Mäori Culture and Society. Tänia M. Ka`ai, John C. Moorfield, Michael P. J. Reilly, Sharon Mosely (eds.). Auckland: Pearson Longman. (pp. 181-189). / --- 2003c. 'Te mana o te reo me ngä tikanga - Power and politics of the language' in Ki Te Whaiao - An Introduction to Mäori Culture and Society. Tänia M. Ka`ai, John C. Moorfield, Michael P. J. Reilly, Sharon Mosely (eds.). Auckland: Pearson Longman. (pp. 201-213). / Ka`ai Tänia M., & Higgins, Rawinia, 2003. 'Te ao Mäori - Mäori world-view' in Ki Te Whaiao - An Introduction to Mäori Culture and Society. Tänia M. Ka`ai, John C. Moorfield, Michael P. J. Reilly, Sharon Mosely (eds.). Auckland: Pearson Longman. (pp. 13-25). / Ka`ai Tänia M. & Reilly Michael P.J., 2003. 'Rangatiratanga - Traditional and Contemporary leadership' in Ki Te Whaiao - An Introduction to Mäori Culture and Society. Tänia M. Ka`ai, John C. Moorfield, Michael P. J. Reilly, Sharon Mosely (eds.). Auckland: Pearson Longman. (pp. 91-102). Karetu, Timoti, 1979. "Taku Taha Mäori: My Mäoriness" in He Mätäpuna A Source – Some Mäori Perspectives. Wellington: New Zealand Planning Council. / Kawharu, Hugh Sir (ed.). 2003. Conflict and Compromise - Essays on the Maori since colonisation. Auckland: Reed. / Kawharu, Merata (ed.), 2002. Whenua - Managing our Resources. Auckland: Reed. / Keenan, Danny, 1994. 'Te Whiti-o-Rongomai III, Erueti ? - 1907' in The Turbulent Years 1870-1900 - The Mäori Biographies from the Dictionary of New Zealand Biographies. Volume 2. Wellington: Department of Internal Affairs, Bridget Williams Books. (pp. 189-194). / Kessing, Roger M., 1989. 'Creating the Past: Custom and Identity in the Contemporary Pacific' in The Contemporary Pacific. Vol. 1. No 1&2. Spring & Fall. (pp. 19-42). / King Michael, 1973. "On the trail of the fading moko" in Te Maori. Vol. 5. May No. 1 (pp. 20-22). / Klemper, Michael, 'An archaeology of Tattooing' in http://www.into-you.co.uk/contents/archaeo.htm, 2002, (p1-9) / Kopua, Mark "Origins of Ta Moko" in http://www.tamoko.org.nz/articles/origins.htm, 2001 (p1-3) / --- 1975. 'Moko and C.F. Goldie' in Journal of the Polynesian Society. Vol. 84. No. 4. December (pp. 431-440). / --- 1992. Moko - Maori Tattooing in the 20th Century. Auckland: David Bateman / Kruger, Paora, Kaumätua - Tühoe, Personal Communication, Rüätoki, 2002. / Lambert, Thomas, 1998. The Story of Old Wairoa and the East Coast Districts, North Island, New Zealand, or Past, Present and Future, a Record of over Fifty Years Progress. Auckland: Reed. / Laugesen, Carl T., 1979. Te Ahua-Maori Portraits. Palmerston North: Dudley Rabone & Co. / Linnekin, Jocelyn & Poyer, Lin (eds.) 1990. Cultural Identity and Ethnicity in the Pacific. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. / Linnekin, Jocelyn, 1990. ‘The Politics of Culture in the Pacific’ in Cultural Identity and Ethnicity in the Pacific. Jocelyn Linnekin & Lin Poyer (eds.) Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. 1990. (pp. 149-173) / --- 1991. 'Text Bites and the R-Word: The Politics of Representing Scholarship' The Contemporary Pacific. Vol. 3. No 1. Spring. (pp. 172-177). / Lowe, R.J., 1989. Te Puawaitanga o ngä iwi 1874-1951 - Iwi in Demographic Change 1874-1951. A working paper of the Department of Mäori Affairs. Wellington. June. / Mahuika, Api, 1975. 'Leadership Achieved and Inherited' in Te Ao Hurihuri: Aspects of Maoritanga. Michael King (ed.). Wellington: Hicks Smith & Son. (pp. 86-114). / Mahuta, R.T., 1994. 'Tawhiao, Tukaroto Matutaera Potatau Te Wherowhero ? - 1894' in The Turbulent Years 1870-1900 - The Mäori Biographies from the Dictionary of New Zealand Biographies. Volume 2. Wellington: Department of Internal Affairs, Bridget Williams Books. (pp. 145-149). / Malcolm, J.P., 1984. 'Tapu of the Head and Hair'.’ In Mead, S.M., Nga Tikanga Tuku Iho - Customary Concepts of the Maori. Wellington: Department of Mäori Studies, Victoria University. / Maning, F.E., 1973. Old New Zealand - A Tale of the Good Old Times and a History of the War in the north told by an old Chief of the Ngapuhi Tribe. Auckland: Golden Press. / 'Marked women and tattoo' in http://www.las.alfred.edu/sexandgender/web/html/issue%20seven/marked.html, 2002, (p1-3) / Marsden, M., 1975. 'God, Man and Universe: A Maori View' in Te Ao Hurihuri: Aspects of Maoritanga, Michael King (ed.). Wellington: Hicks Smith & Son. (pp. 191-220). / Mascia-Lees, Frances E., & Sharpe, Patricia (eds.). 1992. Tattoo, Torture, Mutilation and Adornment - The Denaturalization of the Body in Culture and Text. Albany: State University of New York. / Mataamua, Rangianehu, 1998. 'Te Mata o Te Räkau a Tühoe: The Taiaha Culture of Tühoe'. MA Thesis. Victoria University of Wellington. / McKinnon, Malcolm (ed.), 1997. New Zealand Historical Atlas, Auckland: David Bateman. / McGarvey, Te Uruhina, Kuia - Tühoe, Personal Communication, Wellington, 2003. / McLean, Mervyn & Orbell, Margaret, 2002. Songs of a Kaumatua. Auckland: Auckland University Press. / McLeod, Mihi, Personal Interview, Tühoe and Ngäti Kahungunu, Anamata - Whakatäne, 25 July 2002. / Mead, H.Moko & Grove, Neil, 1989. Nga Pepeha a Nga Tüpuna - Te Wahanga 1. Wellington: Department of Maori Studies, Victoria University of Wellington. / --- 1991. Nga Pepeha a Nga Tüpuna - Te Wahanga 2. Wellington: Department of Maori Studies, Victoria University of Wellington. / --- 1994 Nga Pepeha a Nga Tüpuna - Te Wahanga 3. Wellington: Department of Maori Studies, Victoria University of Wellington. / --- 1996. Nga Pepeha a Nga Tüpuna - Te Wahanga 4. Wellington: Department of Maori Studies, Victoria University of Wellington. / --- 2001. Ngä Pëpeha a ngä Tïpuna - The Sayings of the Ancestors. Wellington: Victoria University Press. / Mead, Sydney (Hirini) Moko 1973. Material Culture and Art in the Star Harbour Region, Eastern Solomon Islands. Ethnography Monograph 1. Royal Ontario Museum. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. / --- 1984. Nga Tikanga Tuku Iho - Customary Concepts of the Maori. Wellington: Victoria University. / --- 1997a. Landmarks, Bridges and Visions: Aspects of Maori culture. Wellington: Victoria University Press. / --- 1997b.. Mäori Art on the World Scene - Essays on Mäori Art. Wellington: Ahua Design & Illustration Ltd and Matau Associates Ltd. / --- 1999. Te Toi Whakairo - The Art of Maori Carving. Auckland: Reed. / Melbourne, Hirini, 1987a. 'Te Manemanerau a Te Kawanatanga: A History of the Confiscation of Tühoe Lands in the Bay of Plenty'. MA Thesis. University of Waikato. / --- 1987b.' Mäori Perceptions of Tribal Homelands: A Study of Tribal Identity and Community Issues of the Tühoe People of Rüätoki Valley.' Unpublished paper (Special Topic Paper 02.520). University of Waikato. / Metge, Joan, 1995. New Growth from Old: The Whänau in the Modern World. Wellington: Victoria University Press. / Miles, Anita, 1999. Te Urewera. Rangahaua Whanui District 4. A working paper: First Release. Waitangi Tribunal - Rangahaua Whanui Series. March. / Milroy, Wharehuia, 1994. 'Tamarau Waiari 1835 - 1904' in Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Volume 2 (1870-1900). Wellington: Department of Internal Affairs, Bridget Williams Books. (pp. 499-500). / Milroy, Wharehuia & Melbourne Hirini, 1995. Te Roi o Te Whenua: Tühoe claims under the Treaty before the Waitangi Tribunal. WAI 36. Unpublished Tühoe claim report. / Milroy, Te Wharehuia, Pakeke - Tühoe, Personal Communication, (Hamilton, 2002) and (Dunedin, 2003). / 'Moko Artists' in http://www.tamoko.org.nz/articles/origins.htm, 2001 (p1-3) / 'Moko - Te Maori Ki Te Ao' in http://www.nzedge.com/hot/ar-moko.html, 2002, (p1-8) / Mountain Ellis, Elizabeth, 1993. 'Te Kauae o nga Wahine Maori' in Standing in the Sunshine - A History of New Zealand Women since they won the vote. Sandra Coney (ed.). Auckland: Viking. (pp. 264-265). / Murton, Brian, 2002. The Crown and the People of Te Urewera 1860-c.2000: The Economic and Social Experience of a People. A scoping report prepared for Crown Forest Rental Trust. May 2002. / Neleman, Hans, 1999. Moko - Maori Tattoo. Texts by Tame Wairere Iti, Pita Turei and Nicole MacDonald. Zurich:Edition Stemmle. / [NZPD] 1909, New Zealand Parliamentary Debates 'Urewera Native District Reserve Amendment Bill' in Vol. 148. (pp. 1386-1388). / New Zealand Planning Council. 1979. He Mätäpuna. A Source – Some Mäori Perspectives. Wellington: New Zealand Planning Council. / 'New Zealand Settlements Act 1863' in The Statutes of New Zealand. Wellington: Government printer. (pp. 18-23). / Ngata, H.M., 1996. English-Maori Dictionary. Wellington: Learning Media. / Nohotima, Te Tauhou, Rangatahi - Tühoe, Personal Communication, Wellington, /2003 O'Connor, Terry & Melbourne, Hirini, 1997. Te Manawa o Tühoe - The Heart of Tühoe. Nelson: Craig Potton. / Oliver, Steven, 1990. 'Te Wherowhero, Potatau? - 1860' in The People of Many Peaks - The Mäori Biographies from the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography Volume One (1769-1869). Claudia Orange (ed.). Wellington: Department of Internal Affairs, Bridget Williams Books (pp 310-326) / O'Malley, Vincent, 1998. Agents of Autonomy - Maori committees in the nineteenth century. Wellington: Huia. / Oppenheim, R.S., 1973. Maori Death Customs. Wellington: A.H. & A.W Reed. / Orbell, Margaret, 1995. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Maori Myth and Legend. Christchurch: Canterbury University Press. / O'Regan, Hana 2001. Ko Tahu, Ko Au - Käi Tahu Tribal Identity. Christchurch: Horomaka Publishing. / O'Regan, Stephen, 1976. 'Correspondence - Moko and C.F. Goldie' in Journal of the Polynesian Society. Vol. 85. No 4. December 1976. (pp. 550-551). / --- 2003. A Fire in Your Belly - Mäori Leaders Speak. Diamond, Paul (ed). Wellington: Huia. / Palmer J.B., 1958. 'Tattoo in Transition.' Journal of the Polynesian Society. Vol. 67. No. 4. December. (pp. 387-393). / Parsonson, Anne, 1991. 'Te Rangitake, Wiremu Kingi ? - 1882' in The People of Many Peaks - The Mäori Biographies from the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, Volume One (1769-1869). Claudia Orange (ed.). Wellington: Department of Internal Affairs, Bridget Williams Books. (pp 261-266) / Patterson, Glenys, 1997. The University from Ancient Greece to the 20th Century. Palmerston North: Dunmore Press. / Patterson, John, 1992. Exploring Maori Values. Palmerston North: Dunmore Press. / Pengelly-Palmer-Kipa, Julie, 'Attack - Counterattack' in http://www.artmaori.com/features_att.htm, 2002, (p1-4) / Pengelly-Palmer-Kipa, Julie, 'Visible on our skin, close to our hearts' in http://www.artmaori.com/features_vis.htm, 2002, (p1-4) / Pere, Rangimarie Rose, 1982. Ako, Concepts and Learning in the Maori Tradition. Department of Sociology, University of Waikato, Working Paper No. 17. / Pewhairangi, Ngoi, 1975. 'Foreward: Learning and Tapu' in Te Ao Hurihuri: Aspects of Maoritanga. Michael King (ed.). Wellington: Hicks Smith. (pp. 8-10) / Phillipps, W.J., 1954. 'Moko or Maori Tattoo' in Te Ao Hou. Vol.3. No. 9. Spring. (pp. 26-28). / Phillis, Te Onehou,2002. Eruera Manuera. Te Whanganui-a-Tara: Huia. / Polack, J.S., 1976. Manners and Customs of the New Zealanders. Vol. 1.. Christchurch: Caper Press. / Rangiaho, Ngapera, Personal Interview, Tühoe and Ngäti Awa, Anamata - Whakatäne, 25 July 2002. / Rangihau, John, 1975. 'Being Maori' in Te Ao Hurihuri: Aspects of Maoritanga. Michael King (ed.). Wellington: Hicks Smith. (pp. 221-233). / Reed, A.W., 1999. Maori Myth and Legendary Tales. Auckland: New Holland Publishers. / Reilly, Michael P.J., 2001. 'Sex and War in Ancient Polynesia' in Journal of the Polynesian Society. Vol. 110. No. 1. March 2001. (pp. 31-57). / --- 2003. 'Whanaungatanga - Kinship' in Ki Te Whaiao - An Introduction to Mäori Culture and Society. Tänia M. Ka`ai, John C. Moorfield, Michael P. J. Reilly, Sharon Mosely (eds.). Auckland: Pearson Longman. (pp. 61-72). / Riley, Murdoch, 1994. Mäori Healing & Herbal: New Zealand Ethnobotanical Sourceboook. Paraparaumu: Viking Sevenseas. / Robley, Horatio, 'List of Mataora Patterns of Moko.’ Journal of the Polynesian Society. Vol. 40. (pp. 44-46). / --- 1998. Moko – The Art and History of Maori Tattooing. Twickenham: Senate. / Rosenblatt, Daniel, 2002. "Titirangi is the Mountain": Representing Maori Community in Auckland' in Pacific Studies - Constructing Moral Communities: Pacific Islander Strategies for Settling in New Places. Vol. 25. No. 1/2. March/June. (pp. 117-140). / Roth, Henry Ling, 1901. 'Maori Tatu and Moko' in Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. Vol. 33. / Salmond Anne, 1975. Hui: A Study of Maori Ceremonial Gatherings. Auckland: Heinemann Reed. / --- 1978. "Te Ao Tawhito: A Semantic Approach to the Traditional Maori Cosmos" in Journal of the Polynesian Society. Vol. 87. No. 1. March 1978. (pp. 5-28). / --- 1983. 'The Study of Traditional Maori Society: The State of the Art' in Journal of the Polynesian Society. Vol. 92. No. 3. September 1983. (pp. 309-331). / Sangl, Harry, 1980. The Blue Privilege - The Last Tattooed Maori Women - Kuia Moko. Auckland: Richards Publishing. / Savage, J., 1807. Some Account of New Zealand with a Description of the Religion and government, Language, Arts, Manners and Customs of the Natives. London: Murray. / Scott, Dick, 1975. Ask That Mountain: The Story of Parihaka. Auckland: Heinemann/Southern Cross. / Shakoor, Mecca, 'The Resurgence of Body Ornamentation and Augmentation in Current Western Civilization' in http://www.mcnair.berkeley.edu/98journal/mshakoor/, 2002 (p1-8) / Shweder, Richard A. & Levine, Robert A. (eds.). 1984. Culture Theory – essays on mind, self and emotion’ London: Cambridge University Press, 1984. / Shirres, Michael P.,1983. 'Tapu' in Journal of the Polynesian Society. Vol. 91. No. 1. March. (pp. 29-51). / --- 1997. Te Tangata - The Human Person. Auckland: Accent Publications. / Simmons, David, R., 1976, The Great New Zealand Myth. Wellington: Reed. / --- 1999. Ta Moko - The Art of Maori Tattoo. Auckland: Reed. / Sinclair, Douglas, 1975. 'Land: Maori View and European Responses' in Te Ao Hurihuri: Aspects of Maoritanga. Michael King (ed.). Wellington: Hicks Smith. (pp. 115-140). / --- 1975. ‘Land since the Treaty: The Nibble, The Bite, The Swollow’ in Te Ao Hurihuri: Aspects of Maoritanga. Michael King (ed.). Wellington: Hicks Smith. (pp. 115-140). / Sinclair, Keith, 1957. The Origins of the Maori Wars. Wellington: New Zealand University Press. / --- 1991. Kinds of Peace: Maori People After the Wars, 1870-85. Auckland: Auckland University Press. / --- (ed.). 1996 The Oxford Illustrated History of New Zealand. Auckland: Oxford University Press. / Sissons, Jeffery, 1991. Te Waimana - The Spring of Mana. Tuhoe History and the Colonial Encounter.. Te Whenua Series No 6. Pacific People. Land and Literature, Dunedin: University of Otago Press. / Smith, S. Percy, 1910. History and traditions of the Maoris of the West Coast, North Island, New Zealand. New Plymouth: Polynesian Society. / --- 1913. The Lore of the Whare-wänanga or Teachings of the Maori College: On Religion, Cosmogony, and History. Part 1. - Te Kauwae-runga Or 'Things Celestial.' Memoirs of the Polynesian Society Vol. III. New Plymouth: Polynesian Society. / Spoonley, Paul, Pearson, David, Macpherson, Cluny (eds.). 1991. Nga Take - Ethnic Relations and Racism in Aotearoa/New Zealand. Palmerston North: Dunmore Press. / Starline tattoo machines 2003 "Double/Tattoo Machines" in http://www.starlinetattoosuppliers.co.uk/starline_Tattoo_Machines_Mickey_Bee_Paul_Rogers_Starline.php, 2003, (p1-1). / Stokes, Evelyn, Milroy, J. Wharehuia, and Melbourne, Hirini, 1986. Te Urewera: Nga Iwi, Te Whenua, Te Ngahere - People, land and forests of Te Urewera. Hamilton: University of Waikato. / Stokes, Evelyn, 1991. 'Te Waharoa, Wiremu Tamihana Tarapipipi ? - 1866' in The People of Many Peaks - The Mäori Biographies from the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography Volume One (1769-1869). Claudia Orange (ed.). Wellington: Department of Internal Affairs, Bridget Williams Books (pp. 290-295) / ' Ta Moko' in http://www.bmezine.com/tattoo/971116/tamoko.html, 2002, (p 1-3) / 'Tattooing or "ta moko"' in http://www.a2000.nl/dekkerg0/aotearoa/moko/htm, 2002 (p1) / Tapsell, Paul, 2002. 'Marae and Tribal identity in urban Aotearoa/New Zealand' Pacific Studies - Constructing Moral Communities: Pacific Islander Strategies for Settling in New Places. Vol. 25. No. 1/2. March/June. (pp. 141-171) / Te Riria, Kö & Simmons, David, 1989. Maori Tattoo. Auckland: The Bush Press. / --- 1999. Moko Rangatira - Mäori Tattoo. Auckland: Reed. / Temara, Pou, 1990. 'Mihi-ki-te-kapua? - 1872-1880?'. Dictionary New Zealand Biography : Ngä Tängata Taumata Rau 1769-1869. W.H. Oliver (ed.). Wellington: Allen & Unwin. (pp. 53-55). / --- 1995. "Heartland - Ruatähuna - To Be Tühoe". Tuesday Documentary. TVNZ, 11 July 95. / 'The Maori Lands Administration Act 1900' in The Statutes of New Zealand. Wellington: Government Printers. (pp. 468-483). / 'The Suppression of Rebellion Act 1863' in The Statutes of New Zealand. Wellington: Government Printers. (pp. 15-18). / Thiong`o, Ngugi Wa 1986. Decolonising the Mind - The Politics of Language in African Literature. New Hampshire: Heinemann. / 'Tohunga Suppression Act 1908' in Consolidated Statutes of the Dominion of New Zealand. Volume V. Wellington: Government Printer (pp. 549-550). / Toko, Hinepau, Personal Interview, Tühoe, Rewarewa Kaumätua Flats, Rüätoki, 24 July 2002. / Tolstoy, Leo, 1922. What is Art? Aylmer Maude (trans.) London: Oxford University Press / Tregear, Edward, 1891. The Maori-Polynesian Comparative Dictionary. Wellington: Lyon & Blair. / 'Urewera District Native Reserve Act 1896' in The Statutes of New Zealand. Wellington: Government Printers. (pp. 66-71). / 'Urewera District Native Reserve Act Amendment Act 1900' in The Statutes of New Zealand. Wellington: Government Printers. (pp. 550-552). / 'Urewera District Native Reserve Amendment Act 1909' in The Statutes of the Dominion of New Zealand. Wellington: Government Printers. (pp. 286-289). / 'Urewera Lands Act 1921-1922' in The Statutes of the Dominion of New Zealand. Wellington: Government Printers. (pp. 448-454). / Vercoe, Andrew Eruera, 1998. Educating Jake - Pathways to empowerment. Auckland: Harper Collins. / Waitangi Tribunal, 2003. The Taranaki Report: Kaupapa Tuatahi. (WAI 143 - Muru me te raupatu. The Muru and Raupatu of the Taranaki Land and People). Wellington: G.P. Publications. / Walker, Ranginui, 1987. Nga Tau Tohetohe: Years of Anger. Auckland: Penguin. / --- 1990. Ka Whawhai Tonu Matou: Struggle Without End. Auckland: Penguin. / Ward, Alan, 1994. 'Carroll, James 1857-1926' in The Turbulent Years 1870-1900 - The Mäori Biographies from the Dictionary of New Zealand Biographies. Volume 2. Wellington: Department of Internal Affairs, Bridget Williams Books. (8-14). / Webster, Peter, 1979. Rua and the Maori Millenium. Wellington: Price Milburn, Victoria University Press. / Webster, Steven. 1998. Patrons of Maori Culture: Power, Theory and Ideology in the Maori Renaissance, Dunedin: University of Otago Press. / Williams, Huka, Personal Interview, Tühoe, Rüätoki, 22 July 2002. / White, J., 1889. The Ancient History of the Maori. Vol. 2. Wellington: Government Printer. / Williams, H.W., 1992. Dictionary of the Maori Language. 7th ed. Wellington: Legislation Direct. / Williams, Jim, 2003 'Ngä Hekenga Waka - Canoe Migrations' in Ki Te Whaiao - An Introduction to Mäori Culture and Society. Tänia M. Ka`ai, John C. Moorfield, Michael P. J. Reilly, Sharon Mosely (eds.). Auckland: Pearson Longman. (pp.26-35). / Winiata, Maharaia, 1958. Centennial Celebration 2nd May 1858-1958, Founding of the Maori King Movement, Turangawaewae Marae. Ngaruawahia: Runanganui Council of the King Movement. / --- 1956. 'Leadership in Pre-European Maori Society' Journal of the Polynesian Society. Vol. 65. No. 3. September. (pp. 212-231). / --- 1967. The Changing Role of the Leader in Maori Society: a study in social change and race relations. Auckland: Blackwood and Janet Paul. / Yate, William, 1970. An Account of New Zealand: and of The Church Missionary Society's Mission in the Northern Island. Wellington: Reed. /en_NZ
 Find in your library

Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record