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dc.contributor.authorStephenson, Janet
dc.contributor.authorBerkes, Fikret
dc.contributor.authorTurner, Nancy
dc.contributor.authorDick, Jonathan
dc.identifier.citationStephenson, J., Berkes, F., Turner, N., & Dick, J. (2012). Biocultural conservation of marine ecosystems: Examples from New Zealand and Canada. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 13(2), 257–265.en
dc.description.abstractPlace-specific knowledge systems, combined with hands-on resource use and a long-term commitment to sustaining resources and ecosystems, are vitally important in restoring the planet to health. This approach is already an integral part of the resource use and management systems of many Indigenous and tribal peoples worldwide, whose knowledge and practices reflect a long history of co-evolving and interdependent social-ecological systems. Negotiated settlements of Indigenous rights issues in New Zealand and Canada have resulted in new opportunities for the expression and application of Indigenous management approaches, including in coastal fisheries. Using examples from both nations, including the Maketu taiāpure in New Zealand and Gwaii Haanas in Canada, we find that the recognition of Indigenous interests in fisheries management is creating a distinctive ‘third space’ of biocultural conservation that differs quite radically from the polarizing all-or-nothing regime of commercial fisheries vs marine reserves. These approaches to marine conservation simultaneously support cultural renewal and biocultural diversity; bridging the gap between scientific biodiversity conservation on the one hand, and local and Indigenous values of biodiversity for livelihoods on the other. Enabling Indigenous communities to apply their knowledge and practices in stewarding culturally important fisheries is a real alternative to the creation of artificial islands of conservation through human-free protected areas. Locally driven approaches may be the best hope for long-term conservation in a complex world.en_NZ
dc.relation.ispartofIndian Journal of Traditional Knowledgeen_NZ
dc.subjectBiocultural conservationen_NZ
dc.subjectSocial-ecological systemsen_NZ
dc.subjectIndigenous knowledgeen_NZ
dc.titleBiocultural conservation of marine ecosystems: Examples from New Zealand and Canadaen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Articleen_NZ
otago.schoolCentre for Sustainabilityen_NZ
otago.openaccessAbstract Onlyen_NZ
dc.rights.statementCopyright © 2012 The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. All rights reserved.en_NZ
dc.description.refereedPeer Revieweden_NZ
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