Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorCampbell, Hugh
dc.contributor.authorBurton, Rob
dc.contributor.authorCooper, Mark
dc.contributor.authorHenry, Matthew
dc.contributor.authorLe Heron, Erena
dc.contributor.authorLe Heron, Richard
dc.contributor.authorLewis, Nick
dc.contributor.authorPawson, Eric
dc.contributor.authorPerkins, Harvey
dc.contributor.authorRoche, Michael
dc.contributor.authorRosin, Chris
dc.contributor.authorWhite, Toni
dc.identifier.citationCampbell, H., Burton, R., Cooper, M., Henry, M., Le Heron, E., Le Heron, R., … White, T. (2009). From Agricultural Science to ‘Biological Economies’? New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 52(1), 91–97. doi:10.1080/00288230909510492en
dc.description.abstractThe development of New Zealand as a people, a blend of cultures, a nation and an economy owes much to the unique constellation of land- and waterbased resources, social values and ecological change within production landscapes that we refer to as "biological economies". The exploitation of these biological economies has altered over the course of New Zealand's history, but, since the Second World War (WW2), the successful allegiance between scientific research and production-oriented farming practices has profoundly changed the productive capacity of New Zealand's agricultural landscapes. New Zealand's post-WW2 history benefited from a particular set of economic, trading, environmental and social conditions and priorities and, through their development, enabled the emergence of a modern, developed nation. The continuing importance of New Zealand's biological economies has been most recently articulated both by Federated Farmers in their 2008 General Election Manifesto and by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF) in its briefing to its new minister. Both organisations recognise the tensions that are becoming apparent in New Zealand's rural economy, society and landscapes as new priorities emerge and challenge old verities. maF (2008), in quite unequivocal terms, argues that we are at the start of a transformation in the biological economies that will drive New Zealand's future well-being. The precise character of that transformation is unknowable, but it will, in the first instance, expose the production systems which have developed over the last century to more deeply and explicitly framed consumer priorities concerning issues such as environmental sustainability, increased public access to the countryside and the protection of rural resources upon which recreation depends. At stake here is New Zealand's continuing competitive advantage, because that advantage is no longer defined solely through low-cost production. However, our ability to rethink the future shape of New Zealand's biological economies is hampered by the artificial division of complex agricultural ecologies into separate analytical spheres. Other contributors to recent discussions in this Journal have identified the importance of integrating social and ecological dynamics and the necessity of transdisciplinarity (Rosin et al. 2008). We take this further by arguing that such insights about the future of agriculture (and related uses of rural and coastal land and water) must be informed by a full recognition of a wider set of explanatory contexts.en_NZ
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen_NZ
dc.relation.ispartofNew Zealand Journal of Agricultural Researchen_NZ
dc.subjectBiological Economiesen_NZ
dc.subjectNew Zealanden_NZ
dc.subjectPrimary productionen_NZ
dc.subjecttransformative researchen_NZ
dc.titleFrom Agricultural Science to "Biological Economies"?en_NZ
dc.typeJournal Articleen_NZ
otago.schoolCentre for Sustainabilityen_NZ
otago.openaccessAbstract Onlyen_NZ
dc.rights.statement© The Royal Society of New Zealand 2009en_NZ
dc.description.refereedNon Peer Revieweden_NZ
 Find in your library

Files in this item


There are no files associated with this item.

This item is not available in full-text via OUR Archive.

If you are the author of this item, please contact us if you wish to discuss making the full text publicly available.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record