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dc.contributor.advisorElmslie, Jane
dc.contributor.authorMaxwell, Hayley Jane
dc.date.available2015-03-13T03:32:58Z
dc.date.copyright2015
dc.identifier.citationMaxwell, H. J. (2015). Relative Validity of a Short Food Frequency Questionnaire to Assess Intake of Non-Essential Energy-Dense Nutritionally-Deficient (NEEDNT) Food Items (Thesis, Master of Dietetics). University of Otago. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10523/5527en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10523/5527
dc.description.abstractAbstract Background: Obesity is increasing in prevalence around the world, posing a huge burden to society due to associations with non-communicable disease. The energy density of our diet is one factor that contributes to obesity. To reduce the prevalence of obesity, it has been suggested that lowering energy density should be prioritised over increasing physical activity and/or increasing consumption of fruit and vegetables. Energy dense foods often lack essential nutrients, and therefore these foods are not required in a healthy diet. The Non-essential Energy-Dense Nutritionally-Deficient Food Frequency Questionnaire (NEEDNT-FFQ) was based on the Non-Essential Energy-Dense Nutritionally-Deficient (NEEDNT) Food List, and tested for reliability. However, the relative validity of an FFQ must also be determined before it can be used to assess intake of non-essential energy-dense nutritionally deficient foods and beverages. Objective: The aim of the present study was to examine the relative validity of the NEEDNT-FFQ, a short non-quantitative FFQ based on the NEEDNT Food List. Design: This was a cross sectional study in adults (18-65years) with a BMI>30m/kg2. Participants completed the NEEDNT-FFQ around seven days after the completion of an estimated 7DDR. Results: Five men and 29 women participated in the study. Participants’ ages ranged from 33 to 64 years, and BMI ranged from 30.7-50.5kg/m2. Gender was significantly associated with NEEDNT-FFQ total scores, with men scoring 14 points higher than females. BMI was not significantly associated with NEEDNT-FFQ total scores. The mean percentage correctly classified and total percentage correctly and adjacently classified for all NEEDNT-FFQ items were 64.5% and 91.7% respectively. The mean percentage of NEEDNT-FFQ items misclassified into beyond adjacent categories was 8.3%. Five NEEDNT-FFQ items did not produce Kappa values, Spearman’s correlation coefficients (SCC) or intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) as they were eaten so infrequently. Thirty-one (72.1%) NEEDNT-FFQ items obtained Kappa values above 0.2 (p<0.05), the mean Kappa value was 0.352. SCCs above 0.3 (p<0.05) were observed for 29 (67.4%) of NEEDNT-FFQ items, the mean SCC was 0.423. SCCs ranged from -0.072 for popcorn to 0.849 for alcoholic drinks. ICCs above 0.4 (p<0.05) were observed for 31 (72.1%) NEEDNT-FFQ items. The mean ICC was 0.550. ICC ranged from -0.455 for donuts and sweet breads to 0.956 for regular powdered drinks. NEEDNT-FFQ and 7DDR total scores produced a weighted kappa value of 0.288 (p=0.000), indicating a fair level of chance-adjusted agreement between the two methods, SCC of 0.656 (p=0.000) and ICC of 0.742 (p=0.000), indicating a strong positive relationship between the NEEDNT-FFQ and 7DDR. The paired t-test and Bland Altman plot for NEEDNT-FFQ and 7DDR total scores indicated that the NEEDNT-FFQ overestimated the total score by 7.9 points compared to the 7DDR. The paired t-test also indicated that 14 (27.7%) of NEEDNT-FFQ items were overestimated by the NEEDNT-FFQ relative to the 7DDR. Conclusion: The NEEDNT-FFQ is a reliable tool with fair to moderate relative validity to assess energy dense nutrient deficient food and beverage intake in overweight and obese New Zealand adults in clinical settings. Further validation is warranted if the NEEDNT-FFQ is to be used for research purposes.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherUniversity of Otago
dc.rightsAll items in OUR Archive are provided for private study and research purposes and are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectNEEDNT
dc.subjectFFQ
dc.subjectFood Frequency Questionnaire
dc.subjectValidation
dc.subjectObesity
dc.subjectWeight management
dc.titleRelative Validity of a Short Food Frequency Questionnaire to Assess Intake of Non-Essential Energy-Dense Nutritionally-Deficient (NEEDNT) Food Items
dc.typeThesis
dc.date.updated2015-03-12T20:32:33Z
dc.language.rfc3066en
thesis.degree.disciplineHuman Nutrition
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Dietetics
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Otago
thesis.degree.levelMasters
otago.openaccessOpen
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