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dc.contributor.advisorLinscott, Richard
dc.contributor.authorMacgregor-Wolken, Hannah
dc.date.available2015-05-25T22:08:49Z
dc.date.copyright2015
dc.identifier.citationMacgregor-Wolken, H. (2015). Schizotypy in New Zealand Ethnic Minority Groups: Examination of Social Risk and Protective Factors (Thesis, Master of Arts). University of Otago. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10523/5675en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10523/5675
dc.description.abstractA wealth of research shows a greater incidence and prevalence of schizophrenia and psychotic illness in immigrant and ethnic minority groups. These findings extend to sub-clinical measures of schizophrenia-related personality characteristics, such as schizotypy. Examinations of the role of stress and resilience factors in this relationship have produced inconsistent results. Also, few have examined the association in ethnic minority groups in New Zealand. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to identify whether New Zealand minority group membership is associated with schizotypy and to explore whether this association may be understood in terms of stress, resilience, disadvantage, and discrimination. In Phase 1 of a two-phase study, the association of New Zealand minority group (Māori, Asian, Pacific) membership with dimensional and categorical schizotypy was assessed in an New Zealand-born undergraduate sample (n = 314). In Phase 2, the roles of social risk factors and resilience in the relationship between minority status and schizotypy were examined in a follow-up subsample (n = 84) of Phase 1 participants. Findings from Phase 1 were consistent with hypotheses and prior literature, showing Māori were over-represented in a taxometrically-defined schizotypy class, while Asian participants were not. Different findings were obtained using dimensional schizotypy scores. Results from Phase 2 indicated that discrimination, deprivation, and stigma did not predict schizotypy whereas greater psychological resilience was strongly assoicated with lower cognitive-perceptual, interpersonal, and disorganisation features of schizotypy. In conclusion, associations between ethnicity and schizotypy were evident but the pattern of findings suggests methodology may affect these relationships. There was evidence of a protective effect of psychological resilience against schizotypy, but this did not appear to contribute to the relationship of minority status with schizotypy.en_NZ
dc.language.isoenen_NZ
dc.publisherUniversity of Otago
dc.rightsAll items in OUR Archive are provided for private study and research purposes and are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectNew Zealanden_NZ
dc.subjectEthnicityen_NZ
dc.subjectMigrantsen_NZ
dc.subjectSchizotypyen_NZ
dc.subjectSchizophreniaen_NZ
dc.subjectRisken_NZ
dc.subjectSocialen_NZ
dc.subjectProtectiveen_NZ
dc.subjectResilienceen_NZ
dc.subjectEthnicen_NZ
dc.subjectMental disorderen_NZ
dc.subjectMaorien_NZ
dc.subjectPacificen_NZ
dc.subjectAsianen_NZ
dc.subjectMinority groupsen_NZ
dc.subjectMinorityen_NZ
dc.titleSchizotypy in New Zealand Ethnic Minority Groups: Examination of Social Risk and Protective Factorsen_NZ
dc.typeThesis
dc.date.updated2015-05-25T20:13:39Z
dc.language.rfc3066en
thesis.degree.disciplinePsychologyen_NZ
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Artsen_NZ
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Otago
thesis.degree.levelMasters
otago.interloannoen_NZ
otago.openaccessAbstract Onlyen_NZ
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