Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorScarf, Damian
dc.contributor.authorShukla, Surabhi
dc.date.available2015-07-08T21:11:24Z
dc.date.copyright2015
dc.identifier.citationShukla, S. (2015). Relative or absolute? The impact of reward size on 3- and 4-year old children’s ability to delay gratification. (Thesis, Master of Science). University of Otago. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10523/5782en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10523/5782
dc.description.abstractThe ability to delay gratification in childhood correlates with a number of positive outcomes in adulthood. The delay-of-gratification choice paradigm is a widely used measure of children’s ability to make decisions that favour their future self. The present study investigated 3- and 4-year-old children’s preferences for the delayed reward when the difference between size of the immediate and delayed rewards was manipulated. Children in the relative condition chose between an immediate reward of one sticker and a delayed reward of two, three, four, and five stickers. Children in the absolute condition chose between an immediate reward of one, two, three, and four sticker rewards and a delayed reward of five stickers. It was hypothesized that 3- year-old children’s preferences would be driven by the absolute value of the delayed reward, whereas 4-year-old children’s preferences would be driven by the relative difference between the immediate and delayed rewards. In contrast to our predictions, there was no difference between the performance of 3- and 4-year-old children and children’s choices did not differ as a function of condition. We did, however, find that females selected the delayed reward on a greater number of trials than males.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherUniversity of Otago
dc.rightsAll items in OUR Archive are provided for private study and research purposes and are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectdelay of gratification
dc.subjectchoice
dc.subjectparadigm
dc.subjectmaintanance
dc.subjectparadigmchoice
dc.subjecttask
dc.subjectrelative
dc.subjectabsolute
dc.titleRelative or absolute? The impact of reward size on 3- and 4-year old children’s ability to delay gratification.
dc.typeThesis
dc.date.updated2015-07-08T04:12:26Z
dc.language.rfc3066en
thesis.degree.disciplinePsychology
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Science
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Otago
thesis.degree.levelMasters
otago.interloanno
otago.openaccessAbstract Only
 Find in your library

Files in this item

FilesSizeFormatView

There are no files associated with this item.

This item is not available in full-text via OUR Archive.

If you are the author of this item, please contact us if you wish to discuss making the full text publicly available.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record