Parenting self-efficacy in parents of adolescents: Does it increase by completing The Parenting Place Tween & Teens Toolbox Parenting Programme?
Whyte, Susan Elizabeth
Parenting programmes both educate and support parents. It is important to understand and ascertain how effective they are in making a difference to the fundamental human experience of parenting. Evidence-based research of parenting programmes tested on a New Zealand population is scant. This paucity is even greater for New Zealand developed parenting programmes and parenting programmes for parents of adolescents. One aspect of parenting competence is parental self-efficacy: the belief a parent holds of their capabilities, formed through cognitive, social and behavioural processes, to organise and execute any task related to parenting a child (Bandura, 1997; de Montigny & Lacharité, 2005), Bandura’s self-efficacy theoretical framework is the theoretical base for this longitudinal study. Surveys were distributed to parents of adolescents, who attended and completed The Parenting Place Tweens & Teens Toolbox parenting programme, between August and December 2013. One hundred and three parents of adolescents completed the surveys at three time points; before commencement, upon completion and three months post completion of the parenting programme. Based upon Bandura’s self-efficacy theory and Baumrind’s parenting styles, the surveys comprised three scales testing task-specific and domain-general self-efficacy, and social support. This parenting programme was developed and implemented by The Parenting Place in New Zealand for the New Zealand population. This study found that parents of adolescents attending and completing Tweens & Teens, increased their task-specific self-efficacy, domain-general self-efficacy and social support. Moreover, these increases are sustained 3-months post completion of Tweens & Teens.
Advisor: Keddell, Emily; Beres, Melanie
Degree Name: Master of Social Welfare
Degree Discipline: Sociology, Gender and Social Work
Publisher: University of Otago
Keywords: Parenting Programmes; Parenting; Self-Efficacy; New Zealand; Social Support; Task-Specific Self-Efficacy; Universal Parenting Programme; Parents of adolescents
Research Type: Thesis