“That you might stand here on the roof of the clouds.”: The development of Pirirākau theology from encounter to the end of conflict, 1839-1881.
Cameron, Graham G. Bidois
It is a notable feature of some iwi that they have a highly developed traditional cosmology that is purported to be pre-European, for example Ngāi Tahu, Taranaki, Ngāti Porou and Ngā Puhi. There is no shared written or oral memory of such a cosmological whakapapa amongst Pirirākau in Tauranga Moana. The foundation of the general questions is a curiosity as to whom Catholic missionaries encountered, in a theological sense, upon their arrival in Tauranga Moana. There is a rich history of post-contact faith, religion and prophets amongst the three iwi of Tauranga Moana; Ngāti Ranginui, Ngāi Te Rangi and Ngāti Pukenga, which is suggestive of an intelligent and inquiring tāngata whenua in matters of faith and spirituality. The research intends to contribute to local knowledge of the development of Pirirākau theology in those encounters by:• describing the pre-contact contextual theology and cosmology of members of the hapū of Pirirākau at the time of first contact with Catholic missionaries in 1839;• exploring how that pre-contact contextual theology enabled Pirirākau to adopt and adjust to a Catholic missional theology and faith between 1839 and 1865; and• explaining how Pirirākau moved from Catholicism to adopt Pai Mārire, a contextual theology and faith founded by Te Ua Haumene in 1858, and maintain that faith to the laying down of arms by King Tāwhiao in 1881.
Advisor: Rae, Murray
Degree Name: Master of Theology
Degree Discipline: Theology and Religion
Publisher: University of Otago
Keywords: Pirirākau; Tauranga Moana; Tauranga; Tākitimu; Ngāti Ranginui; Catholicism; Catholic missionaries; Pompallier; contextual theology; indigenous theology; Māori theology; Māori
Research Type: Thesis