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dc.contributor.authorBuxton, Rachel T
dc.contributor.authorGormley, Andrew M
dc.contributor.authorJones, Christopher J
dc.contributor.authorLyver, Philip O'B
dc.date.available2017-02-16T23:29:19Z
dc.date.copyright2015-09-24
dc.identifier.citationBuxton, R. T., Gormley, A. M., Jones, C. J., & Lyver, P. O. (2015). Monitoring burrowing petrel populations: A sampling scheme for the management of an island keystone species. Journal of Wildlife Management, 80(1), 149–161. doi:10.1002/jwmg.994en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10523/7105
dc.description.abstractBurrow-nesting petrels (order Procellariiformes) are keystone species in island ecosystems, where they modify habitat through guano deposition and burrow digging. Burrowing petrels are among the most threatened groups of birds, yet robust long-term monitoring data remain scarce because of the financial and logistical constraints of working on offshore breeding islands, the variety of surveying strategies used, and the birds' below-ground breeding behavior. We examined the sampling requirements of monitoring programs to detect changes in the number of breeding pairs of gray-faced petrels (Pterodroma gouldi), a common species in northern New Zealand. We first examined the relationship between burrow entrance density and breeding pair density using 4 years of data from 3 large colonies. We then conducted a simulation-based power analysis to assess the ability of different burrow-occupancy sampling regimes to detect changes in breeding bird abundance. Power to detect change was influenced by population growth rates, initial bird density, inter-annual variation in abundance, plot size, number of plots, intervals between surveys, time of year surveys are undertaken, and duration of the monitoring program. Our analyses suggest that, under the most suboptimal monitoring conditions, at least 45 randomly assigned 5-m-radius plots surveyed annually during the incubation period for ≥20 years will be required to detect a 1% annual change in breeding bird abundance. Because power will vary depending on project specifications, local conditions, and potential change, we created an online application with over 50,000 combinations of starting parameters (https://landcare.shinyapps.io/petrels). This allows managers to determine the power of different combinations of survey intensities while maintaining consistency and maximizing efficiency. © 2015 The Wildlife Society.en_NZ
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenen_NZ
dc.publisherThe Wildlife Societyen_NZ
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Wildlife Managementen_NZ
dc.subjectgray-faced petrels; monitoring; New Zealand; population census; power; Pterodroma gouldi; seabirds; simulation analysisen_NZ
dc.titleMonitoring burrowing petrel populations: A sampling scheme for the management of an island keystone speciesen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Articleen_NZ
dc.date.updated2017-02-16T22:42:18Z
otago.schoolCentre for Sustainabilityen_NZ
otago.relation.issue1en_NZ
otago.relation.volume80en_NZ
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/jwmg.994en_NZ
otago.bitstream.endpage161en_NZ
otago.bitstream.startpage149en_NZ
otago.openaccessOpenen_NZ
dc.description.refereedPeer Revieweden_NZ
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