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dc.contributor.authorMerfield, Charles
dc.contributor.authorMoller, Henrik
dc.contributor.authorManhire, John
dc.contributor.authorRosin, Chris
dc.contributor.authorNorton, Solis
dc.contributor.authorCarey, Peter
dc.contributor.authorHunt, Lesley
dc.contributor.authorReid, John
dc.contributor.authorFairweather, John
dc.contributor.authorBenge, Jayson
dc.contributor.authorLe Quellec, Isabelle
dc.contributor.authorCampbell, Hugh
dc.contributor.authorLucock, Dave
dc.contributor.authorSaunders, Caroline
dc.contributor.authorMacLeod, Catriona
dc.contributor.authorBarber, Andrew
dc.contributor.authorMcCarthy, Alaric
dc.date.available2017-02-16T23:54:17Z
dc.date.copyright2015-07
dc.identifier.citationMerfield, C., Moller, H., Manhire, J., Rosin, C., Norton, S., Carey, P., … McCarthy, A. (2015). Are Organic Standards Sufficient to Ensure Sustainable Agriculture? Lessons From New Zealand’s ARGOS and Sustainability Dashboard Projects. Sustainable Agriculture Research, 4(3). doi:doi:10.5539/sar.v4n3p158en
dc.identifier.issn1927-0518 (Online)
dc.identifier.issn1927-050X (Print)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10523/7117
dc.description.abstractOur review concludes that organic standards need to account for a broader set of criteria in order to retain claims to ‘sustainability’. Measurements of the ecological, economic and social outcomes from over 96 kiwifruit, sheep/beef and dairy farms in New Zealand between 2004 and 2012 by The Agricultural Research Group on Sustainability (ARGOS) project showed some enhanced ecosystem services from organic agriculture that will assist a “land-sharing” approach for sustainable land management. However, the efficiency of provisioning services is reduced in organic systems and this potentially undermines a “land-sparing” strategy to secure food security and ecosystem services. Other aspects of the farm operation that are not considered in the organic standards sometimes had just as much or even a greater effect on ecosystem services than restriction of chemical inputs and synthetic fertilisers. An organic farming version of the New Zealand Sustainability Dashboard will integrate organic standards and wider agricultural best practice into a broad and multidimensional sustainability assessment framework and package of learning tools. There is huge variation in performance of farms within a given farming system. Therefore improving ecosystem services depends as much on locally tuned learning and adjustments of farm practice on individual farms as on uptake of organic or Integrated Management farming system protocols.en_NZ
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenen_NZ
dc.publisherCanadian Center of Science and Educationen_NZ
dc.relation.ispartofSustainable Agriculture Researchen_NZ
dc.relation.urihttp://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/sar/article/view/51067en_NZ
dc.subjectecosystem services, integrated management, organic farming, sustainability indicatorsen_NZ
dc.titleAre Organic Standards Sufficient to Ensure Sustainable Agriculture? Lessons From New Zealand’s ARGOS and Sustainability Dashboard Projectsen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Articleen_NZ
dc.date.updated2017-02-15T23:47:40Z
otago.schoolCentre for Sustainabilityen_NZ
otago.relation.issue3en_NZ
otago.relation.volume4en_NZ
dc.identifier.doidoi:10.5539/sar.v4n3p158en_NZ
otago.openaccessOpenen_NZ
dc.description.refereedPeer Revieweden_NZ
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