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dc.contributor.authorHashmi, Deanen_NZ
dc.date.available2011-04-07T03:02:03Z
dc.date.copyright2004-11en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationHashmi, D. (2004). A wave concept related to the 2nd law (pp. 15–22). Presented at the 16th Annual Colloquium of the Spatial Information Research Centre (SIRC 2004: A Spatio-temporal Workshop).en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10523/732
dc.description.abstractExisting wave concepts are based on energy conservation (1st law) and on measurable variables like wavelength, amplitude, frequency or velocity which define the energy and the behaviour of waves in space and time. A wave concept related to the 2nd law treats living systems as self-propagating wavefronts. These wavefronts are defined by the degradation of energy per unit time and by constituent sets of lineages of information which are in the most abstract case defined by positions in one spatial dimension, relatedness along the time axis, masses, energy flux shares, mass-specific metabolic rates, and adaptability; if the adaptability of the lineages is constrained, it is necessary to define the conditions in multidimensional niche space which permit lineages to propagate. The dynamics of the wavefront is defined by the likelihood and magnitude of exchanges of energy flux shares between the lineages, the macroevolutionary drift of mass and drift of mass-specific metabolic rate, the ratio of energy flux share to metabolic rate in relation to thresholds for the dissipation and amplification of lineages, and by niche drift which can be replaced by spatial drift if adaptability is unconstrained. This concept allows to create an at its roots simple numerical physics, the difference between animate and conventional inanimate physics being a higher number of relevant dimensions and the replacement of constants by measurable variables. From the physical point of view, this concept, in which the evolutionary drift is the consequence of variable natural selection in combination with constrained adaptability and genetic drift, is not restricted to any particular form of life (i.e. mechanics of information storage or processing). Cellular automata permit to apply this concept to abstract as well as realistic settings so that the causation of patterns, which are drawn from large sets of lineages and based on the variables mentioned, can be studied in one to three spatial dimensions within multidimensional niche spaces under application of arbitrarily defined rules. In application to real systems, the strategy is to determine time-independent virtual equilibria based on measurable axioms, including the assumption of energy flux conservation, and to identify neglected facts (like time dependence, demographic or microevolutionary processes/phenomena) which explain differences between the virtual, purely macroevolutionary computer worlds and reality.en_NZ
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.relation.urihttp://www.business.otago.ac.nz/SIRC05/conferences/2004/07_Hashmi.pdfen_NZ
dc.subjectphysics of lifeen_NZ
dc.subjectorganismic levelen_NZ
dc.subjectwave concepten_NZ
dc.subjectenergy flux conservationen_NZ
dc.subjectCellular Automataen_NZ
dc.subject.lcshQ Science (General)en_NZ
dc.titleA wave concept related to the 2nd lawen_NZ
dc.typeConference or Workshop Item (Paper)en_NZ
dc.description.versionPublisheden_NZ
otago.date.accession2005-12-02en_NZ
otago.relation.pages15-22en_NZ
otago.openaccessOpen
dc.identifier.eprints85en_NZ
dc.description.refereedNon Peer Revieweden_NZ
otago.school.eprintsSpatial Information Research Centreen_NZ
otago.school.eprintsZoologyen_NZ
dc.description.referencesBanavar, J.R., J. Damuth, A. Maritan and A. Rinaldo (2002) Supply-demand balance and metabolic scaling. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99, pp. 10506-10509. Bohm, D. (1957) Causality and chance in modern physics. Van Nostrand, Princeton. Boltzmann, L. (1886) Der zweite Hauptsatz der mechanischen Wärmetheorie. Gerold, Wien. Brown, J.H. (1995) Macroecology. University of Chicago Press, Chicago. Caswell, H. (2000) Matrix population models. Sinauer, Sunderland. Darwin, C. (1859) On the origin of species by means of natural selection or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. John Murray, London. Guilleminot, H. (1919) La matière et la vie. Flammarion, Paris. Hamilton, W.D. (1964) The genetical evolution of social behaviour. I, II. J. Theor. Biol. 7, pp. 1-52. Hashmi, D. (2001) “Biodiversity Wave Mechanics”: Evolution of ideal biospheres. Abstracts of the 8th congress of the European Society for Evolutionary Biology. University of Aarhus, 20-25 August 2001, p. 60. Hashmi, D (2002) “Biodiversity wave mechanics”. A physics for living systems. Cuvillier, Göttingen. Heitler, W. (1956) Elementary wave mechanics. Oxford University Press, Oxford. Hubbell, S.P. (2001) The unified neutral theory of biodiversity and biogeography. Princeton University Press, Princeton. Kimura, M. (1983) The neutral theory of molecular evolution. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Kleiber, M. (1931) Body size and metabolism. Hilgardia 6: 315-353. Laughlin, R.B. and D. Pines (2000) The theory of everything. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97, pp. 28-31. Lewontin, R. (2000) The triple helix. Harvard University Press, Cambridge. Lotka, A.J. (1921) Note on the economic conversion factor of energy. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 7, pp. 192-197. Lotka, A.J. (1922) Contribution to the energetics of evolution. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 8, pp. 147-151. Lotka, A.J. (1925) Elements of physical biology. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. Maxwell, J.C. (1860) On the motions and collisions of perfectly elastic gases. Phil. Mag. 4, pp. 377-409. Schrödinger, E. (1926) Quantisierung als Eigenwertproblem. Annalen der Physik 79, pp. 361-375. Sewertzoff, A.N. (1934) quoted in Zotin, A.I. and I. Lamprecht (1996) Aspects of bioenergetics and civilization. J. Theor. Biol. 180, pp. 207-214. Shannon, C.E. (1948) A mathematical theory of communication. Bell System Technical Journal 27, pp. 379-423 and 623-656. Stanley, M. (1973) An explanation for Cope’s rule. Evolution 27, pp. 1-26. Ulanowicz, R.E. and B.M. Hannon (1987) Life and the production of entropy. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 232, pp. 181-192.en_NZ
otago.event.dates29-30 November 2004en_NZ
otago.event.placeDunedin, New Zealanden_NZ
otago.event.typeconferenceen_NZ
otago.event.title16th Annual Colloquium of the Spatial Information Research Centre (SIRC 2004: A Spatio-temporal Workshop)en_NZ
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