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dc.contributor.authorHay, Geoffen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorWhigham, Peter Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKypri, Kyprosen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorLangley, Johnen_NZ
dc.date.available2011-04-07T03:02:14Z
dc.date.copyright2007-12-06en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationHay, G., Whigham, P. A., Kypri, K., & Langley, J. (2007). Spatial variation in the association between neighbourhood deprivation and access to alcohol outlets (pp. 87–98). Presented at the 19th Annual Colloquium of the Spatial Information Research Centre (SIRC 2007: Does Space Matter?).en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10523/772
dc.description.abstractBackground: People who live in poor areas suffer higher mortality than those living in wealthier areas. People who live in poor areas in New Zealand have better access to alcohol and this association appears to vary spatially. We sought to investigate this spatial non-stationarity using Geographically Weighted Regression. Methods: The location of bars was geocoded for all of New Zealand and closest facility analysis was used to calculate distance to the nearest bar from each meshblock. A neighbourhood level census-based index of socioeconomic deprivation, and urban/rural status data were added as inputs to a Geographic Weighted Regression model to investigate spatial variation in the association between access to alcohol outlets and deprivation. Results: Spatial non-stationarity was discovered in deprivation and urban/rural status parameters with some large rural areas of New Zealand exhibiting significant departures from the global model of the association between distance to the nearest bar and neighbourhood deprivation. Conclusions: Lack of association discovered for rural areas may be the result of spatial heterogeneity. Research into the association between deprivation and access to alcohol should consider rural areas individually for environmental inequity rather than relying on global models showing no association.en_NZ
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.relation.urihttp://www.business.otago.ac.nz/sirc/conferences/2007/19_hay.pdfen_NZ
dc.subjectalcoholen_NZ
dc.subjectliquoren_NZ
dc.subjectoutleten_NZ
dc.subjectdensityen_NZ
dc.subjectdeprivationen_NZ
dc.subjectsocio-economic statusen_NZ
dc.subject.lcshRA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicineen_NZ
dc.subject.lcshQA76 Computer softwareen_NZ
dc.titleSpatial variation in the association between neighbourhood deprivation and access to alcohol outletsen_NZ
dc.typeConference or Workshop Item (Paper)en_NZ
dc.description.versionPublisheden_NZ
otago.date.accession2009-04-22 04:22:29en_NZ
otago.relation.pages87-98en_NZ
otago.openaccessOpen
dc.identifier.eprints814en_NZ
dc.description.refereedNon Peer Revieweden_NZ
otago.school.eprintsSpatial Information Research Centreen_NZ
otago.school.eprintsInjury Prevention Research Uniten_NZ
otago.school.eprintsInformation Scienceen_NZ
otago.school.eprintsPreventive & Social Medicineen_NZ
dc.description.referencesBabor, T., R. Ceatano, S. Casswell, G. Edwards, N. Giescrecht, K. Graham, J. Grube, P. Gruenewald, L. Hill, H. Holder, R. Homel, E. Osterberg, J. Rehm, R. Room & I. Rossow (2003) Alcohol: no ordinary commodity, Oxford University Press, pp. 1-290. Barnett, R. & G. Lauer (2003) Urban deprivation and public hospital admissions in Christchurch, New Zealand,1990–1997. Health and Social Care in the Community, 11:4, pp. 299-313. Bayley, A. & R. Goodyear 2001, New Zealand: An Urban/Rural Profile, Statistics New Zealand, City, . Brunsdon, C., A. S. Fotheringham & M. Charlton (1996) Geographically weighted regression: a method for exploring spatial nonstationarity. Geographical Analysis, 28: pp. 281-298. Brunsdon, C., A. S. Fotheringham & M. Charlton (1998) Geographically weighted regression-Modeling spatial non-stationarity. The Statistician, 47:3, pp. 431-443. Gruenewald, P. J., F. Johnson & A. J. Treno (2002) Outlets, Drinking and Driving: A multilevel Analysis of Availability. J. Studies on Alcohol, 63: pp. 460-468. Hay, G. C., P. A. Whigham, K. Kypri & J. D. Langley 2007, Neighbourhood deprivation and access to alcohol outlets: A national study, . Kingham, S., J. Pearce & P. Zawar-Reza (2007) Driven to injustice? Environmental justice and vehicle pollution in Christchurch, New Zealand. Transportation Research, Part D 12: pp. 254-263. Lipton, R. & P. J. Gruenewald (2002) The Spatial Dynamics of Violence and Alcohol Outlets. J. Stud. Alcohol, 63: pp. 187-195. Macintyre, S., L. McKay, S. Cummins & C. Burns (2005) Out-of-home food outlets and area deprivation: case study in Glasgow, UK. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 2:16, pp. 7. Marmot, M. (1997) Inequality, deprivation and alcohol use. Addiction, 92:S1, pp. S13-S20. Marmot, M. (2006) Health in an unequal world. The Lancet, 368: pp. 2081-2094 . Morenoff, J. D., R. J. Sampson & S. W. Raudenbush (2001) Neighborhood inequality, collective efficacy, and the spatial dynamics of urban violence. Criminology, 39: pp. 517–559. Nielsen, A. L., R. J. Martinez & M. T. Lee (2005) ALCOHOL, ETHNICITY, AND VIOLENCE: The Role of Alcohol Availability for Latino and Black Aggravated Assaults and Robberies. The Sociological Quarterly, 46: pp. 479–502. Pearce, J., T. Blakely, K. Witten & P. Bartie (2007) Neighborhood Deprivation and Access to Fast-Food retailing - A National Study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 32:5, pp. . Pearce, J., K. Witten, R. Hiscock & T. Blakely (2007) Are socially disadvantaged neighbourhoods deprived of health-related community resources? International Journal of Epidemiology, 36: pp. 348-355. Rehkopf, D. H. & S. L. Buka (2006) The association between suicide and the socio-economic characteristics of geographical areas: a systematic review. Psychological Medicine, 36: pp. 145-157. Rehm, J., R. Room, M. Monteiro, G. Gmel, K. Graham, N. Rehn, C. T. Sempos & D. Jernigan (2003) Alcohol as a risk factor for global burden of disease. Eur Addict Res, 9:4, pp. 157-164. Romley, J. A., D. Cohen, J. Ringel & R. Sturm (2007) Alcohol and Environmental Justice: The Density of Liquor Stores and Bars in Urban Neighborhoods in the United States. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 68: pp. 48-55. Room, R. (2004) Disabling the public interest: alcohol strategies and policies for England. Addiction, 99:9, pp. . Salmond, C. & P. Crampton 2002, NZDep Index of Deprivation, Department of Public Health, Wellington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, City, . Scribner, R., D. Cohen, S. Kaplan & S. Allen (1999) Alcohol Availability and homicide in New Orleans: Conceptual Considerations for small Area Analysis of the Effect of Alcohol Outlet Density. J. Stud. Alcohol, 60: pp. 310-316. Scribner, R., D. P. MacKinnon & J. Dwyer (1994) Alcohol Outlet Density and Motor vehicle Crashes in Los Angeles Country Cities. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 55: pp. 447-453. Valdez, A., C. D. Kaplan & R. L. J. Curtis (2007) Aggressive Crime, Alcohol and Drug Use, and Concentrated Poverty in 24 U.S. Urban Areas. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 33: pp. 595-603.en_NZ
otago.event.dates6-7 Decemberen_NZ
otago.event.placeDunedin, New Zealanden_NZ
otago.event.typeconferenceen_NZ
otago.event.title19th Annual Colloquium of the Spatial Information Research Centre (SIRC 2007: Does Space Matter?)en_NZ
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