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dc.contributor.advisorMandic, Sandra
dc.contributor.authorKek, Chiew Ching
dc.date.available2018-03-22T20:08:19Z
dc.date.copyright2018
dc.identifier.citationKek, C. C. (2018). Transport to School Habits, Physical Activity and Weight Status in Adolescents (Thesis, Master of Physical Education). University of Otago. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10523/7952en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10523/7952
dc.description.abstractBackground: Active transport (AT) to school is a means for adolescents to increase the amount of daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and can help them achieve physical activity (PA) guidelines. This study compared PA in adolescents using AT only (n=73), motorised transport (MT) only (n=185) or active and motorised transport (AT+MT) (n=56) to school and examined the association of adolescents’ transport modes to school, MVPA and weight status. Methods: Adolescents (n=314; age: 14.7±1.4 years; 67.2% female) from twelve Dunedin secondary schools completed the online BEATS Student Survey and reported sociodemographic characteristics and transport to school habits. Height and weight were measured. MVPA was objectively-measured using 7-day accelerometry. Results: Compared to MT only, higher proportions of adolescents in AT only and AT+MT met PA guidelines (AT only: 47.9%; AT+MT: 46.4%; MT only: 33.5%, p=0.048). Compared to MT only, AT only accumulated more MVPA daily (AT only: 61.2±23.2; MT only: 52.5±19.6 min, p=0.004) and during an average school day (AT only: 65.3±22.4; MT only: 54.4±19.1 min, p<0.001) but not on an average weekend day (AT only: 50.9±36.2; MT only: 46.8±33.7 min, p= 0.679). Compared to MT only, AT only and AT+MT accumulated more MVPA an hour before school (8am-9am) (AT only: 12.7±7.5; AT+MT: 9.8±6.7; MT only: 5.6±4.3 min; p<0.001) and after school (3pm-4pm) (AT only: 13.3±6.4; AT+MT: 9.9±5.3; MT only: 8.4±5.1 min; p<0.001), but not late after school (4pm-8pm) (AT only: 14.2±9.5; AT+MT: 16.7±11.9; MT only: 14.8±10.1 min; p=0.377). No significant associations were observed between weekly, school day and weekend day MVPA (all p>0.05), weight status and transport modes to school in adolescents. Conclusions: Adolescents using AT only and AT+MT to school accumulated more MVPA during school commute times compared to MT only, contributing to their higher overall PA levels. AT+MT to school is also a plausible way to increase PA in adolescents when AT only is not feasible due to distance to school.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherUniversity of Otago
dc.rightsAll items in OUR Archive are provided for private study and research purposes and are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectAdolescents, physical activity, active transport, accelerometers
dc.titleTransport to School Habits, Physical Activity and Weight Status in Adolescents
dc.typeThesis
dc.date.updated2018-03-22T13:38:34Z
dc.language.rfc3066en
thesis.degree.disciplineSchool of Physical Education, Sport and Exercise Sciences
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Physical Education
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Otago
thesis.degree.levelMasters
otago.openaccessOpen
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