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dc.contributor.advisorTe Morenga, Lisa
dc.contributor.advisorTheordore, Reremoana
dc.contributor.authorArthur, Te Huri
dc.date.available2018-06-18T20:47:54Z
dc.date.copyright2018
dc.identifier.citationArthur, T. H. (2018). Perceptions and acceptability of Low Carbohydrate, High Fat (LCHF) diets among Māori whānau in Dunedin (Thesis, Master of Dietetics). University of Otago. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10523/8110en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10523/8110
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: Low carbohydrate, high fat (LCHF) diets are currently much debated in both the media and the academic literature. However, little is known about the acceptability of these diets among Māori, who commonly consume diets high in carbohydrates, and how they might interpret recommendations to follow these diets. This study aims to investigate how LCHF diets are perceived by members of the Māori community (Dunedin) and some of the barriers and facilitators to following this type of diet. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews was conducted with n=18 Māori participants, (13 females, 5 males). They were recruited by word of mouth around the University of Otago and door approaches in low decile neighborhoods. Interviews focused on their perceptions about carbohydrates, such as how often they ate carbohydrates, and their food habits including high carbohydrate and high-fat foods. Other questions included the participants' thoughts on the LCHF diet, and if they would be willing to try an LCHF diet. Interview transcripts were analysed by inductive thematic analysis. RESULTS: Māori are highly motivated to living healthy lives. Motivating factors include family, culture, achieving a desired body weight and fear of developing diet-related diseases experienced by other family members. Participants’ knowledge and views of dietary fat are diverse. Saturated fat is still considered by many as unhealthy however, saturated fat from natural (less processed) sources is perceived by a significant number of participants as being healthy. As a staple food in Māori diets, starchy carbohydrates appeal because they are cheap, satiating and convenient. LCHF diets are viewed positively because it emphasizes eating fewer processed foods, which are associated with poor health outcomes and resembles diets of pre – colonised Māori. Barriers to LCHF diets were the cost of foods, concern for children’s food preference, lack of time, information, understanding and meal ideas. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that perceptions of the LCHF diet by Māori adults is divided and their understanding is not based on sound evidence. Significant barriers and facilitators cause indecision in the application of the LCHF diet. Further research is needed to determine whether Māori perception of LCHF is accurate. KEYWORDS: Carbohydrates, High Fat, Diet, Nutrition, Processed foods, Saturated fat, Māori, Health, Traditional foods
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherUniversity of Otago
dc.rightsAll items in OUR Archive are provided for private study and research purposes and are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectCarbohydrates, High Fat, Diet, Nutrition, Processed foods, Saturated fat, Māori, Health, Traditional foods
dc.titlePerceptions and acceptability of Low Carbohydrate, High Fat (LCHF) diets among Māori whānau in Dunedin
dc.typeThesis
dc.date.updated2018-06-18T08:32:45Z
dc.language.rfc3066en
thesis.degree.disciplineHuman Nutrition
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Dietetics
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Otago
thesis.degree.levelMasters
otago.openaccessOpen
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