Endogenous Labor Supply, Heterogenous Firms and International Business Cycles
This paper examines employment dynamics and international business cycle transmission within a two-country dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model featuring an endogenously determined trade pattern. In contrast to existing literature, this model allows for the household's labor supply to be determined endogenously, producing fluctuations in employment as business cycles are transmitted from one country to another. The model is able to generate pro-cyclical domestic employment as well as positive correlations of employment and output across countries. In addition, previous studies have difficulty generating international correlations of consumption and investment. This model replicates these stylized facts by strengthening frictions in international asset markets. The structure of labor supply is shown to be vital for the transmission of business cycles through trade linkages.
Publisher: Department of Economics, University of Otago
Series number: 909
Keywords: International Real Business Cycles; Labor Supply; Imperfect Competition; International Trade
Research Type: Discussion Paper