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dc.contributor.authorManono, Bonface Ombasa
dc.contributor.authorMoller, Henrik
dc.contributor.authorBenge, Jayson
dc.contributor.authorCarey, Peter
dc.contributor.authorLucock, David
dc.contributor.authorManhire, Jon
dc.identifier.citationManono, B. O., Moller, H., Benge, J., Carey, P., Lucock, D., & Manhire, J. (2019). Assessment of soil properties and earthworms in organic and conventional farming systems after seven years of dairy farm conversions in New Zealand. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 1–27. doi:10.1080/21683565.2019.1570997en
dc.identifier.issn2168-3565 (Print)
dc.identifier.issn2168-3573 (Online)
dc.description.abstractEnvironmental degradation and consumer awareness are raising concerns about the sustainability of conventional farming while increasing interest in organic farming as an alternative food and fiber production. Well-replicated studies during the transition are necessary for testing the causes of observed changes. To test soil property changes following conversion, we collected data from 18 dairy farms (nine converting and nine that remained under conventional methods) in the Waikato, Taranaki, and Manawatu regions of New Zealand. Soil properties on the converting group were compared with matched farms that continued with conventional methods. Converting to organic did not result in increased total carbon or nitrogen, but phosphorus decreased by 42%. Bulk density decreased by 3.5% in converted farms but increased by 9.8% in conventional farms. Earthworm densities were higher in organic farms but there was no significant change in soil microbial parameters. Total nitrogen was lower where microbial respiration was higher but there was no evidence of a link between earthworms and soil nutrient levels. This observation challenges whether the observed changes in studies of farms that have already converted are indeed caused by organic farming methods themselves. Long-term studies are needed before the broader implications of conversion can be fully assessed. Copyright © 2018 Informa UK Limited Privacy policy & cookies Terms & conditions Accessibility Registered in England & Wales No. 3099067 5 Howick Place | London | SW1P 1WGen_NZ
dc.publisherTaylor & Francis Onlineen_NZ
dc.relation.ispartofAgroecology and Sustainable Food Systemsen_NZ
dc.rightsCC0 1.0 Universal*
dc.subjectOrganic farming; microbial biomass; earthworms; total carbon; total nitrogen; soil bulk densityen_NZ
dc.titleAssessment of soil properties and earthworms in organic and conventional farming systems after seven years of dairy farm conversions in New Zealanden_NZ
dc.typeJournal Articleen_NZ
otago.schoolCentre for Sustainabilityen_NZ
dc.description.refereedPeer Revieweden_NZ
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CC0 1.0 Universal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as CC0 1.0 Universal