Crucifixión, terrorismo de Estado y abuso sexual: texto y contexto
[From English version] A key principle in the work of Latin American liberation theologians has been a willingness to take their Latin American social context seriously as an aid for understanding biblical texts. This paper is intended to illustrate the value of this principle by focussing on some disturbing points in the gospel accounts of crucifixion in the light of recent accounts of torture and terror in Latin America. It argues that documentation of torture and abuse in Latin American military regimes can illuminate neglected aspects of Jesus’ passion presented in the gospels. Most importantly this involves recognition that crucifixion was a form of torture that served a wider purpose than execution and was used to demonstrate the state’s power and terrorise those who might oppose it. Within this framework, one issue in the horror of Jesus' torture and crucifixion which has been completely neglected in Christian tradition—the degree of sexual abuse that it involved—can be addressed honestly and openly. The central contention is that crucifixion in the ancient world carried a strongly sexual element and should be understood as a form of sexual abuse. The gospels indicate that Jesus was subjected to a high degree of sexual humiliation and was possibly a victim of sexual assault. The final part of this paper suggests the constructive purposes that the acknowledgement of this sexual abuse might serve.
Contributor: Segovia, Fernando F.
Editor: Figueroa Alvear, Rocío; Tombs, David
Publisher: Centre for Theology and Public Issues, University of Otago
Series: Project Report in the Centre for Theology and Public Issues Project Series ‘When Did We See You Naked?’
Series number: 2
Rights Statement: This report is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. It may be freely copied and shared for any non-commercial purpose as long as you attribute the Centre for Theology and Public Issues, University of Otago.
Keywords: Jesús; Crucifixión; Abuso sexual; Tortura; terrorismo de Estado
Research Type: Project Report
This publication includes a translation of the article David Tombs, ‘Crucifixion, State Terror, and Sexual Abuse’, Union Seminary Quarterly Review, 53 (Autumn 1999), pp. 89-109, http://hdl.handle.net/10523/6067. The main text was first presented at the International Meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature in July 1998, and the Spanish translation was prepared as part of the Centre for Theology and Public Issues 'When Did We See You Naked?' project (2018-2020). In this 2018 version, the article (1999) is accompanied by a Preface (2018) from the author and a Reflection (2018) from Fernando F. Segovia. This 2018 version is also available (in English) as David Tombs, 'Crucifixion, State Terror, and Sexual Abuse: Text and Context'. Dunedin: University of Otago, Centre for Theology and Public Issues, 2018. http://hdl.handle.net/10523/8558.
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