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dc.contributor.advisorThompson-Fawcett, Michelle
dc.contributor.authorRiddle, Callum Tony
dc.date.available2019-04-29T23:20:33Z
dc.date.copyright2019
dc.identifier.citationRiddle, C. T. (2019). Implications of Rural Change and the Use of Rural Tourism to Drive Economic Development: A Case Study Investigation into Westland District, New Zealand (Thesis, Master of Planning). University of Otago. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10523/9270en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10523/9270
dc.description.abstractRural areas play a critical role in the national economy. They often form the backbone of the export economy and house significant proportions of the national population. However, recent decades have seen rural areas across the developed world experience an era of significant change as they seek to renegotiate their place within the context of economic and social change unfolding nationally and internationally. The changes that have occurred in these areas have been poorly understood in literature, government policy, and the media regarding how they differ, the challenges they face, whether they can regenerate or respond to social and economic change and the specific needs of marginalised groups in rural areas like Māori communities. The purpose of this research was to understand how specific economic activities have encouraged growth or exacerbated the decline in rural areas and understand how various organisations and agencies responded to these changes. The rural district of Westland, New Zealand was selected as an appropriate case study because it had undergone significant economic, social and political change in recent decades. A document analysis, questionnaires with the public and ten key informant interviews were carried out between local council, community groups and local Māori to comprehend these changes. The study found that post-productive activities that are predominately market-led like tourism positively promote growth, Westland. While the uptake of tourism has been successful in attracting revenue and visitors to the district, the rapid and aggressive growth of tourism caused issues as the Westland District lacked the infrastructural requirements, significant investment, and the demographic make-up to stimulate significant economic growth sustainably. Various organisations and agencies were found to be responding to these issues. However, they operated in an ad-hoc manner that primarily focused on increasing revenue and improving the visitor experience. This promoted growth and marginalisation of communities and the exacerbated the inevitable decline of those rural communities that have failed to market their point of difference. Furthermore, the relationships that have been established between local government and local rūnanga was tokenistic and failed to uphold the principles of the Treaty of Waitangi. The key lessons that this case study has for other rural areas are needing to manage and monitor growth and decline of rural communities effectively and collaborate with organisations operating in the development sphere to establish meaningful partnerships that not only have good economic outcomes but social ones too.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherUniversity of Otago
dc.rightsAll items in OUR Archive are provided for private study and research purposes and are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectNew
dc.subjectZealand
dc.subjectRural
dc.subjectMāori
dc.subjectWestland
dc.subjectTourism
dc.subjecteconomic
dc.subjectchange
dc.titleImplications of Rural Change and the Use of Rural Tourism to Drive Economic Development: A Case Study Investigation into Westland District, New Zealand
dc.typeThesis
dc.date.updated2019-04-29T22:35:51Z
dc.language.rfc3066en
thesis.degree.disciplineDepartment of Geography
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Planning
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Otago
thesis.degree.levelMasters
otago.openaccessOpen
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