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dc.contributor.authorWong, B L Williamen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorO’Hare, Daviden_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSallis, Philipen_NZ
dc.date.available2011-04-07T03:05:41Z
dc.date.copyright1996-06en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationWong, B. L. W., O’Hare, D., & Sallis, P. (1996). Experimental transformation of a cognitive schema into a display structure (Information Science Discussion Papers Series No. 96/07). University of Otago. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10523/939en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10523/939
dc.descriptionPlease note that this is a searchable PDF derived via optical character recognition (OCR) from the original source document. As the OCR process is never 100% perfect, there may be some discrepancies between the document image and the underlying text.en_NZ
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this paper is to report on an experiment conducted to evaluate the feasibility of an empirical approach for translating a cognitive schema into a display structure. This experiment is part of a series of investigations aimed at determining how information about dynamic environments should be portrayed to facilitate decision making. Studies to date have generally derived an information display organisation that is largely based on a designer’s experience, intuition and understanding of the processes. In this study we report on how we attempted to formalise this design process so that if the procedures were adopted, other less experienced designers would still be able to objectively formulate a display organisation that is just as effective. This study is based on the first stage of the emergency dispatch management process, the call-taking stage. The participants in the study were ambulance dispatch officers from the Dunedin-based Southern Regional Communications Centre of the St. John’s Ambulance Service in New Zealand.en_NZ
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.publisherUniversity of Otagoen_NZ
dc.relation.ispartofseriesInformation Science Discussion Papers Seriesen_NZ
dc.subject.lcshBF Psychologyen_NZ
dc.subject.lcshQA76 Computer softwareen_NZ
dc.titleExperimental transformation of a cognitive schema into a display structureen_NZ
dc.typeDiscussion Paperen_NZ
dc.description.versionUnpublisheden_NZ
otago.bitstream.pages15en_NZ
otago.date.accession2011-02-01 19:46:58en_NZ
otago.schoolInformation Scienceen_NZ
otago.openaccessOpen
otago.place.publicationDunedin, New Zealanden_NZ
dc.identifier.eprints1084en_NZ
otago.school.eprintsMultimedia Systems Research Laboratoryen_NZ
otago.school.eprintsCognitive Ergonomics and Human Decision Making Laboratoryen_NZ
otago.school.eprintsInformation Scienceen_NZ
otago.school.eprintsPsychologyen_NZ
dc.description.referencesBartlett, (1932). Remembering: A study in experimental and social psychology. London: Cambridge University Press. Geiselman, R. & Samet, M. G. (1980). Summarising Military Information: An Application of Schema Theory. Human Factors. 22(6), 693 - 705. Klein, G. A. (1990). Recognitional Decision Making: Information Requirements. In A. P. Sage (Ed), Concise Encyclopaedia of Information Processing in Systems & Organisations, (pp. 548). Oxford, U K: Pergamon Press. Klein, G. A., Calderwood, R., & Macgregor, D. (1989). Critical decision method for eliciting knowledge. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, 19(3), 462-472. McFarren, M. R. (1987). Using Concept Mapping to define problems and identify key kernels during the development of a decision support system. Unpublished MS in Operations Research, Air Force Institute of Technology, Air University. Novak, J. D., & Gowin, D. B. (1984). Learning How to Learn. (1993 ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Oruszmu, J., & Connolly, T. (1993). The re-invention of decision making. In G. A. Klein, J. Orasanu, R. Calderwood, & C. E. Zsambok (Eds.), Decision Making in Action: Models and Methods, . Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing Corp. QSR. (1994). QSR NUD*IST. Melbourne, Australia: Qualitative Solutions and Research Pty Ltd, La Trobe University. Tullis, T. S. (1990). Screen Design. In M. Helander (Ed), Handbook of Human-Computer Interaction, (pp. 377 - 411). North Holland. Wong, W. B. L., Sallis, Philip J., and O’Hare, David (1995). Information Portrayal for Decision Support in Dynamic Intentional Process Environments. Paper presented at the OZCHI ‘95, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia, pp. 43-48.en_NZ
otago.relation.number96/07en_NZ
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