A goal-oriented approach for designing decision support displays in dynamic environments
Wong, B L William; O’Hare, David; Sallis, Philip
This paper reports on how the Critical Decision Method, a cognitive task analysis technique, was employed to identify the goal states of tasks performed by dispatchers in a dynamic environment, the Sydney Ambulance Co-ordination Centre. The analysis identified five goal states: Notification; Situation awareness; Planning resource to task compatibility; Speedy response; Maintain history of developments. These goals were then used to guide the development of display concepts that support decision strategies invoked by dispatchers in this task environment.
Publisher: University of Otago
Series number: 96/18
Keywords: critical decision method (CDM); cognitive engineering; ambulance dispatch; command and control; information portrayal; display design; decision support; Cognitive Task Analysis
Research Type: Discussion Paper